Jishō (治承) was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Angen and before Yōwa. This period started in August 1177 and ended in July 1181. The reigning emperors were Takakura-tennō (高倉天皇) and Antoku-tennō (安徳天皇).
Events of the Jishō era[change | change source]
- 1177 (Jishō 1, 28th day of the 4th month): A great fire in the capital was spread by high winds; and the palace was destroyed.
- 1178 (Jishō 2, 12th day of the 11th month): Emperor Takakura's consort, Taira no Tokuko, gave birth to a son who will become Emperor Antoku.
- 1180 (Jisho 4, 21st day of the 2nd month): Takakura abdicated.
- 1180 (Jishō 4, 21st day of the 4th month): In the 12th year of Takakura's reign, the emperor was forced to abdicate; and the succession (senso) was received by his son.
- 1180 (Jisho 4, 22nd day of the 4th month): The infant Emperor Antoku's accepted the monarch's role and duties and powers (sokui). This was confirmed in ceremonies.
- 1180 (Jisho 4, 2nd day of the 6th month): The court leaves Heian-kyō for Fukuhara, which is near modern-day Kōbe in Hyōgo.
- 1180 (Jisho 4, 26th day of the 11th month): The capital is moved back to Heian-kyō.
- 30 January 1181 (Jisho 5, 14th day of the 1st month): Takakura died.
References[change | change source]
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Jishō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 425.
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 195-200; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 330-333; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. pp. 212-214.
- Titsingh, p. 198; Kitagawa, H. (1975). The Tale of the Heike, p. 783; Kamo no Chōmei. (1212). Hōjōki.
- Kitagawa, H. (1975). The Tale of the Heike, p. 784.
- Titsingh, p. 200; Brown, p. 333; Kitagawa, p. 784.
- Kitagawa, p. 784.
- Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2012-2-26.
- Kitagawa, p. 785.
- Kamo no Chōmei. (1212). Hōjōki.
- Kitagawa, p. 785; Kunaichō, 高倉天皇 (80); retrieved 2012-5-23.
Other websites[change | change source]
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
|Era or nengō: