Joaquín Guzmán

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Joaquín Guzmán Loera
Born Joaquín Archivaldo Guzmán Loera
25 December 1954 (1954-12-25) (age 62)[1] or 4 April 1957 (1957-04-04) (age 60)
La Tuna, Badiraguato, Sinaloa, Mexico
Alias(es) "El Chapo" Guzmán
Charge(s) Drug trafficking, murder, money laundering, among others
Escape 1st escape: 19 January 2001
2nd escape: 11 July 2015
Occupation Leader of Sinaloa Cartel and all Mexican prisons

Joaquín Archivaldo Guzmán Loera (born December 25, 1954,[1] or April 4, 1957) is a Mexican drug lord who headed the Sinaloa Cartel, a criminal organization named after the Mexican Pacific coast state of Sinaloa where it was initially formed.

Loera is known as "El Chapo Guzmán" ("Shorty Guzmán") for his 1.68 m (5 ft 6 in) height. He became Mexico's top drug kingpin in 2003 after the arrest of his rival Osiel Cárdenas of the Gulf Cartel. He was thought to be one of the "most powerful drug traffickers in the world" by the United States Department of the Treasury.[2][3]

Guzmán was once again arrested by Mexican authorities in Mexico on February 22, 2014. He was found in a beach resort in Mazatlan, but details of the arrest have not been revealed.[4] On January 8, 2016, Guzmán was captured at the coastal city of Los Mochis, in northern Sinaloa, following a gun battle by the Mexican Navy.[5]

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