John Bercow

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John Bercow

John Bercow.JPG
Speaker of the House of Commons
In office
22 June 2009 – 4 November 2019
MonarchElizabeth II
Preceded byMichael Martin, Baron Martin of Springburn
Succeeded byLindsay Hoyle
Shadow Secretary of State for International Development
In office
6 November 2003 – 23 September 2004
LeaderMichael Howard
Preceded byCaroline Spelman
Succeeded byAlan Duncan
Shadow Chief Secretary to the Treasury
In office
18 September 2001 – 23 July 2002
LeaderIain Duncan Smith
Preceded byOliver Letwin
Succeeded byHoward Flight
Member of Parliament
for Buckingham
In office
1 May 1997 – 4 November 2019
Preceded byGeorge Walden
Succeeded byTBD
Majority12,529 (25.9%)
Personal details
Born (1963-01-19) 19 January 1963 (age 58)
Edgware, Middlesex, England
Political partyNot applicable
Other political
Conservative (1986–2009)
Spouse(s)Sally Bercow (née Illman)
Alma materUniversity of Essex[1]

John Simon Bercow (surname pronounce BER-COE; born 19 January 1963) is a British politician who was the Speaker of the House of Commons of the United Kingdom from 2009 through 2019. He was the Member of Parliament (MP) for the constituency of Buckingham.

Biography[change | change source]

John Bercow was active in the Conservative Party from a young age and was a Conservative councillor, for Lambeth, from 1986 to 1990. He stood as a candidate to become an MP at the 1987 and 1992 General Elections but was not successful. At the 1997 General Election, Bercow was elected the Conservative MP for Buckingham. He served in the shadow cabinets of Iain Duncan Smith and Michael Howard.[2] After the Speaker Michael Martin resigned on 22 June 2009, Bercow was elected as the Speaker.[3]

Bercow is the first Jewish Speaker.[4] He is the first Speaker not to wear traditional court robes while presiding over the House of Commons.[5] But, along with tradition, Bercow does now display his coat of arms at Speaker's House.[6]

On 9 September 2019, Bercow told the House of Commons that he would stand down on 31 October, or at the next general election, whichever occurs first.[7] He officially left the office on 4 November 2019.[8]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Essex graduate new speaker, Colchester Campus, Government, 23 June 2009". University of Essex. 23 June 2009. Archived from the original on 8 June 2011. Retrieved 30 November 2010.
  2. Bercow Says He's Relieved to Quit U.K. Conservatives, 26 June 2009
  3. "Election of the Speaker". 21 April 2010. Archived from the original on 30 June 2009. Retrieved 30 November 2010.
  4. "British lawmakers elect first Jewish speaker". JTA. 23 June 2009. Retrieved 30 November 2010.
  5. Webster, Philip (24 June 2009). "Farewell to tights as new Speaker John Bercow presides over Commons". The Times. Retrieved 6 May 2010.
  6. Speaker Bercow's coat of arms
  7. "Commons Speaker Bercow to stand down". BBC News. BBC. 9 September 2019. Retrieved 9 September 2019.
  8. Manor of Northstead: John Bercow,, 4 November 2019. Retrieved 4 November 2019