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John Bevis

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

John Bevis was a English doctor, electrical researcher, and astronomer from Salisbury, Wiltshire in England. He is best known for disvovering the Crab Nebula in 1731. He studied at Christ Church, Oxford, earning his B.A. in 1715 and his M.A. in 1718.[1]

In 1757, Bevis published a volume in London on The History and Philosophy of Earthquakes in which he collected reports of the 1755 Lisbon earthquake from different reliable sources. His work, which was the first of its kind, and was later used by John Michell in 1761.[2]

A watercolour painting showing the exterior of Bagnigge Wells spa
A watercolour painting of Bagnigge Wells by Samuel Hieronymus Grimm

In 1757, Thomas Hughes, a tobacco seller, asked Bevis to find out why flowers would not grow in his garden at Bagnigge House, near 61–63 King's Cross Road in London. Bevis discovered that the well water on the area had a lot of iron. This led to digging of an another well. The water of the well turned out to be a strong cleansing agent (purgative). As a result, Bagnigge Wells, one of the most popular spas in the 18th century, was established the next year.[3] He was elected as a Fellow of the Royal Society in November 1765.[4]

References[change | change source]

  1. Hockey, Thomas (2009). The Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers. Springer Publishing. ISBN 978-0-387-31022-0. Retrieved 22 August 2012.
  2. Ben-Menahem, Ari (August 1995). "'A Concise History of Mainstream Seismology: Origins, Legacy, and Perspectives'" (PDF). Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America Vol. 85, No. 4. pp. 1202–1225. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 21 January 2013.
  3. The London Encyclopaedia p. 32.
  4. "Library and Archive catalogue". Royal Society. Retrieved 14 December 2010.[permanent dead link]