John Dewey in 1902
November 20, 1859|
Burlington, Vermont, USA
|Died||June 1, 1952(aged 92)|
John Dewey (born 20 October 1859) was an American psychologist and philosopher. He was born in Burlington, Vermont. Dewey graduated from the University of Vermont. He later taught at many schools. In September 1882, Dewey went to the Johns Hopkins University and studied philosophy and psychology and published the paper, "The New Psychology" in the Andover Review in 1884. Afterwards, he taught psychology at universities and later on, got married to his former student Alice Chipman. In 1886, he started a new school which came to be known as the "Laboratory School" or "Dewey School". This school taught pragmatism, which says that a school's curriculum should be based on everyday life, lessons, and focuses on hands-on activities to better help students learn. His wife Alice was principal of the "Dewey School" from 1901 to 1904. After he retired as a teacher, he continued watching and figuring the society and politics. John Dewey died in 1952.
Theory[change | change source]
John Dewey believed in the "theory of inquiry", which shows how animals survived in their environment. He used the theory in the way he taught. He said that children learn best with real-life problems and hands-on activities. His most well-known essay was "The Reflex Arc Concept in Psychology" (1896) which created the stimulus that became the response, which later became known as social behaviorism. For example, a person focuses on something, decides what to do, then acts on the decision.
References[change | change source]
- Shavit, David The United States in Asia: A Historical Dictionary Greenwood Press page 129
- Dykhuizen, George John Dewey at Johns Hopkins (1882-1884) Journal of the History of Ideas University of Pennsylvania Press 1961
- Rockefeller, Steven (1991) John Dewey: Religious Faith and Democratic Humanism Columbia University Press New York page 91
- Rockefeller, Steven (1991) John Dewey: Religious Faith and Democratic Humanism Columbia University Press New York page 44
- Rockefeller, Steven (1991) John Dewey: Religious Faith and Democratic Humanism Columbia University Press New York page 228