Juho Kusti Paasikivi
|Juho Kusti Paasikivi|
|7th President of Finland|
11 March 1946 – 1 March 1956
|Preceded by||Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim|
|Succeeded by||Urho Kekkonen|
|Prime Minister of Finland|
27 May 1918 – 27 November 1918
|Preceded by||P. E. Svinhufvud|
|Succeeded by||Urho Castrén|
17 November 1944 – 26 March 1946
|Preceded by||Lauri Ingman|
|Succeeded by||Mauno Pekkala|
|Born||27 November 1870
|Died||14 December 1956
Juho Kusti Paasikivi (27 November 1870–14 December 1956 Helsinki). He was the seventh president of Finland, from 1946 to 1956. He was first person to have his picture printed on Finnish money. First wife was Anna Matilda Forsman (1897–1931).
Paasikivi studied history and law in Imperial Alexander University in Helsinki. He was especially interested in history of Russia. He became a doctor in law in 1901, and associate professor in 1902. In 1913 he became director of KOP bank.
Paasikivi was elected in parliament in 1907, and second time 1910. This was time when Finland was still part of Russian empire. At the time when Finland became independent, Paasikivi was among those who supported monarchy.
During the second world war Paasikivi was negotiating with Soviet Union. In 1946, when President Mannerheim resigned, parliament selected Paasikivi as his successor. In 1950 he won an election wand was selected for second term. In 1956 he was not an official candidate, but he got some votes as "Black horse".
The foreign policy doctrine established by Paasikivi and continued by his successor Urho Kekkonen, The "Paasikivi-Kekkonen line", aimed at Finland's survival as an independent sovereign, democratic, and capitalist country in the immediate proximity of the Soviet Union.
References[change | change source]
- From student of history to bank director 375 Humanists
- Tuomo Polvinen, ”Paasikivi, Juho Kusti (1870 - 1956)”.Finnish Dictionary of National Biography online.
- Kekkonen diaries reveal how Paasikivi-Kekkonen line was born hs.fi
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