July Monarchy

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Kingdom of France
Royaume de France
1830–1848
Royal coat of arms of France
Royal coat of arms
Anthem: La Parisienne
"The Parisian"
The Kingdom of France between 1830 and 1848
The Kingdom of France between 1830 and 1848
CapitalParis
Common languagesFrench
Religion
Roman Catholicism
Calvinism
Lutheranism
Judaism
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
King 
• 1830–1848
Louis Philippe I[1]
Prime Minister 
• 1830
Jacques Laffitte (first)
• 1848
François Guizot (last)
LegislatureParliament
Chamber of Peers
Chamber of Deputies
History 
26 July 1830
7 August 1830
23 February 1848
CurrencyFrench franc
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Kingdom of France
French Second Republic
Today part ofFrance
Algeria

The July Monarchy (French: Monarchie de Juillet) was a liberal constitutional monarchy in France ruled by Louis Philippe I. This started on 26 July 1830, with the July Revolution of 1830, and ended on 23 February 1848, with the Revolution of 1848.

History[change | change source]

The July Monarchy ended the Bourbon Restoration period of French history. It began when people overthrown Charles X, the last king of the House of Bourbon.

The new leader, Louis Philippe, is a member of the Orléans of the House of Bourbon. He proclaimed himself as Roi des Français ("King of the French").

The July Monarchy was ruled by rich bourgeoisie and former Napoleonic officials. The king wanted friendship with the United Kingdom and colonial expansion such as the French conquest of Algeria.

In 1848, revolutions taken place in many parts of Europe, the king is not popular anymore and he was overthrown.

References[change | change source]

  1. Larousse, Éditions. "Louis-Philippe Ier - LAROUSSE". www.larousse.fr (in French). Retrieved 2022-05-17.