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Chandrayaan-2 lander and orbiter integrated module.jpg
Chandrayaan-2 composite
Mission typeLunar orbiter, lander, rover
OperatorIndian Space Research Organisation
Mission durationOrbiter: 1 year
Vikram lander: <15 days[1]
Pragyan rover: <15 days[1]
Spacecraft properties
ManufacturerIndian Space Research Organisation
Launch massCombined: 3,877 kg (8,547 lb)[2][3]
Payload massOrbiter: 2,379 kg (5,245 lb)[2][3]
Vikram lander:1,471 kg (3,243 lb)[2][3]
Pragyan rover: 27 kg (60 lb)[2][3]
PowerOrbiter: 1 kW[4]

Vikram lander: 650 W

Pragyan rover: 50 W
Start of mission
Launch datePlanned: 14 July 2019, 21:21 UTC[5]
(15 July 2019, 02:51 IST)
RocketGSLV Mk III[6][7]
Launch siteSatish Dhawan Space Centre
Moon orbiter
Orbital insertionSeptember 6, 2019 (planned)[5]
Orbit parameters
Periapsis100 km (62 mi)[8]
Apoapsis100 km (62 mi)[8]

Chandrayaan-2 (Sanskrit: चन्द्रयान-२; Template:IPA-sa; lit: Moon-craft About this soundpronunciation ) is India's second moon mission after Chandrayaan-1.[9] Made by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO),[10][11] the mission is planned to be launched to the Moon by a Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III (GSLV Mk III).[6][7]

Launch of Chandrayaan-2 is scheduled for 14 July 2019 at 21:21 UTC.[5] A proper landing would make India the 4th country to achieve a soft landing on the Moon, after the space agencies of the USA, USSR, and China.[12] The mission landing is expected on 6 September 2019.[13]

History[change | change source]

On 12 November 2007, the Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos) and ISRO agreed to work together on the Chandrayaan-2 project.[14] ISRO would be in charge of the orbiter and rover, while Roscosmos was to build the lander. [15] The design of the spacecraft was completed in August 2009, with scientists of both countries conducting a joint review.[16][17]

Although ISRO finalised the payload for Chandrayaan-2 on schedule, the mission was moved to 2016 because Russia was unable to build the lander on time.[18][19] When Russia decided it would not be able to build a lander by 2015, India decided to develop the lunar mission on its own.[20][21][22]

The spacecraft's launch had been scheduled for March 2018, but was delayed.[23][24] Two of the lander's legs got minor damage during one of the tests in February 2019, making the launch date even later.[25]

Goals[change | change source]

The main goals of Chandrayaan-2 are to:

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Nair, Avinash (31 May 2015). "ISRO to deliver "eyes and ears" of Chandrayaan-2 by 2015-end". The Indian Express. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Chandrayaan-2 to Be Launched in January 2019, Says ISRO Chief". Gadgets360. NDTV. Press Trust of India. 29 August 2018. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "ISRO to send first Indian into Space by 2022 as announced by PM, says Dr Jitendra Singh". Indian Department of Space. 28 August 2018. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
  4. "Chandrayaan-2 - Home". Indian Space Research Organisation. Retrieved June 20, 2019.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 "Press Meet - Briefing by Dr. K Sivan, Chairman, ISRO". Indian Space Research Organization. 12 June 2019. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Singh, Surendra (5 August 2018). "Chandrayaan-2 launch put off: India, Israel in lunar race for 4th position". The Times of India. Times News Network. Retrieved 15 August 2018.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Shenoy, Jaideep (28 February 2016). "ISRO chief signals India's readiness for Chandrayaan II mission". The Times of India. Times News Network. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Kiran Kumar, Aluru Seelin (August 2015). Chandrayaan-2 - India's Second Moon Mission. Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  9. "ISRO begins flight integration activity for Chandrayaan-2, as scientists tests lander and rover". The Indian Express. Press Trust of India. 25 October 2017. Retrieved 21 December 2017.
  10. "Chandrayaan-2 nearly ready for July launch".
  11. d. s, Madhumathi (9 June 2019). "ISRO gears up for Chandrayaan-2 mission". The Hindu.
  12. "India Plans to Launch Moon Mission in July". 2019-06-12. Retrieved 2019-06-14.
  13. "Press release on Chandrayaan-2, ISRO". Retrieved 2019-05-01.
  14. Chand, Manish (12 November 2007). "India, Russia to expand n-cooperation, defer Kudankulam deal". Nerve. Archived from the original on 13 January 2014. Retrieved 12 January 2015. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  15. Sunderarajan, P. (19 September 2008). "Cabinet clears Chandrayaan-2". The Hindu. Retrieved 23 October 2008.
  16. "ISRO completes Chandrayaan-2 design". 17 August 2009. Retrieved 20 August 2009.
  17. "India and Russia complete design of new lunar probe". Sputnik News. RIA Novosti. 17 August 2009. Retrieved 20 August 2009.
  18. Laxman, Srinivas (6 February 2012). "India's Chandrayaan-2 Moon Mission Likely Delayed After Russian Probe Failure". Asian Scientist. Retrieved 5 April 2012.
  19. "India's next moon mission depends on Russia: ISRO chief". NDTV. Indo-Asian News Service. 9 September 2012.
  20. Ramachandran, R. (22 January 2013). "Chandrayaan-2: India to go it alone". The Hindu.
  21. "Chandrayaan-2 would be a lone mission by India without Russian tie-up". Press Information Bureau, Government of India. 14 August 2013.
  22. "Chandrayaan-2". Retrieved 2019-06-13.
  23. Clark, Stephen (15 August 2018). "Launch Schedule". Spaceflight Now. Archived from the original on 16 August 2018.
  24. "Chandrayaan-2 launch postponed to October: ISRO chief". The Economic Times. Press Trust of India. 23 March 2018. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
  25. "India's Moon Lander Damaged During Test, Chandrayaan 2 Launch Put on Hold". The Wire. Retrieved 2019-04-07.
  26. Chandrayaan 2. NSSDCA Master Catalog Search, published by NASA. Accessed on 3 July 2019.
  27. Orbiter: Everything you need to know about its objectives, science and design. Abigail Banerji, Tech2. 3 July 2019,