Kárášjohka/Karasjok

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Kárášjohka (Norwegian: Karasjok) is a Norwegian urban area in the municipality, Kárášjohka/Karasjok.

The municipality (of which the urban area is a part,) has Sami and Norwegian as official languages.

The municipality is one of two in Norway where the majority of inhabitants speak Sami and have it as their main language.[1]

History[change | change source]

Before the beginnig of the 1700s, there might not have been a permanent population there.[2] However the area was used by nomads.[2]

World War II[change | change source]

During World War II a Nazi concentration camp was built in Karasjok: Lager IV Karasjok (German for "Karasjok Camp No.4", Norwegian: Karasjok fangeleir).[3][4] The camp was run by SS, and it was among[5] the first four Nazi concentration camps in Northern Norway.

In July 1943, 374 political prisoners and POWs prisoners [mostly Yugoslav,] were brought to the concentration camp. They were tasked with widening the road to Karigasniemi, Finland.[6] After four or five months, only 111 of these prisoners were still alive.[6] At the end of the prisoners' stay in Karasjok, before transportation out of Karasjok, 45 prisoners were massacred by the firing of small arms.[6] At least one former prisoner is (as of 2013) still alive.[7]

After World War II[change | change source]

In 2015 the second edition of Sapmi Pride, the LGBT pride festival, was held in Karasjok.[8] To protest homosexuals attending the Karasjok Church, and to protest that a female priest held the services, Norges Samemisjon cancelled one of their radio broadcasts. [8]

Education[change | change source]

Main language of students at secondary school[change | change source]

The Sami secondary school, is one of two in Norway (as of 2014);[9] 73% of the schools students say that Sami is their main language; 27% say that Sami is their second language (as of the school year that started in [August] 2009 and ended in [June] 2010);[10] That school is run by the government.

References[change | change source]

  1. ÁVJOVÁRRI URFOLKSREGION I ET SAMISK PERSPEKTIV. page 19
  2. 2.0 2.1 Dalfest, Terje; Askheim, Svein (19 January 2019). "Karasjok" – via Store norske leksikon.
  3. Sigurd Bakke Styrvold, "Heil og Sæl. Jeg er utdannet morder!" - Den norske SS Vaktbataljon 1942 – 45" (PDF), MA in history - University of Oslo (in Norwegian), p. 14
  4. Timm C. Richter. Krieg und Verbrechen: Situation und Intention: Fallbeispiele. 2006. p. 114
  5. Sigurd Bakke Styrvold, "Heil og Sæl. Jeg er utdannet morder!" - Den norske SS Vaktbataljon 1942 – 45" (PDF), MA in history - University of Oslo (in Norwegian), p. 14, Det fantes på forskjellige tidspunkter flere serberleire i Norge, men de norske vaktene gjorde bare tjeneste i de fire første; Lager I Beisfjord, Lager II Elsfjord, Lager III Rognan (også kjent som Botn) og Lager IV Karasjok
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Disse fangene bygget «blodveien» – og så ble de henrettet - De jugoslaviske fangene som var i Karasjok under andre verdenskrig skulle bare bygge veien til Finland, og deretter skulle de ikke eksistere mer. [These prisoners built 'the blood road' - and then they were executed - The Yugoslavian prisoners that were in Karasjok during World War Two, were only to build a road to Finland, and thereafter they were not to exist anymore]
  7. Larsen, Dan Robert (24 May 2013). "Følelsesladet møte med Karasjok". NRK.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Larsen, Dan Robert (2 June 2016). "Flytter Sápmi Pride til Kautokeino". NRK.
  9. Fornyings-, administrasjons-og kirkedepartementet (20 August 2018). "Fakta om samiske språk". Regjeringen.no.
  10. "Urbefolkningen i tall - samisk statistikk". ssb.no.