Kamakura period

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The Kamakura period (鎌倉時代, Kamakura jidai) is a time in the Japanese history from 1185 through 1333 in the history of Japan.[1] This grouping of years is named after city of Kamakura which was the center of power of the Kamakura shogunate.[2]

The government of shoguns which was functionally established in 1192 by Minamoto no Yoritomo.[3]

The Kamakura period ended in 1333 with the destruction of the shogunate. Imperial rule was re-established under Emperor Go-Daigo.[4]

Flourishing of Buddhism[change | change source]

Buddhism expanded during this period. A number of monks founded separate Buddhist sects, including

Hōnen, founder of the Jōdo shū sect[5]
Shinran, disciple of Hōnen; founder of Jōdo Shinshū[6]
Ippen, founder of the Ji sect[7]
Dōgen, founder of the Sōtō school of Zen[8]
Eisai, founder of the Rinzai school of Zen[9]
Nichiren, founder of the sect of Buddhism named after him[10]

The older Buddhist sects such as Shingon and Tendai continued to thrive.

Timeline[change | change source]

Gallery[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Library of Congress Country Studies, Japan,"Kamakura and Muromachi periods"; retrieved 2011-10-20.
  2. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kamakura jidai" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 459.
  3. Hall, John Whitney. (1991). Japan: From Prehistory to Modern Times, pp. 86-87.
  4. Hall, p. 359.
  5. Nussbaum, "Hōnen" at p. 348.
  6. Nussbaum, "Shinran Shōnin" at pp. 867-868.
  7. Nussbaum, "Ippen Shōnin" at p. 392.
  8. Nussbaum, "Dōgen" at p. 155.
  9. Nussbaum, "Eisai" at p. 172.
  10. Nussbaum, "Nichiren" at p. 706.
  11. Kitagawa, Hiroshi and Bruce Tsuchida. (1975). The Tale of the Heike, pp. 676-690.
  12. What is Zen? History; retrieved 2012-4-29.
  13. Nussbaum, "Minamoto Yoritomo" at p. 635.
  14. Jodo Shu, "About Honen Shonin"; retrieved 2012-4-29.
  15. Nussbaum, "Jōkyū" at p. 431.
  16. Tsubata, Kate. "The Great Buddha at Kamakura," The Washington Times, May 25, 2008; retrieved 2012-4-30.
  17. Nussbaum, "Bun'ei no eki" at p. 90.
  18. Nussbaum, "Kōan no Eki" at p. 535.
  19. NOAA Earthquake Database Query
  20. McCullough, Helen Craig. (1959). The Taiheiki: A Chronicle of Medieval Japan, pp. 285-311.

Other websites[change | change source]