Kan'ei (寛永) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Genna and before Shōhō. This period started in February 1624 and ended in December 1643. During this time, the emperors and empress were Go-Mizunoo-tennō (後水尾天皇), and Meishō-tennō (明正天皇).
Events of the Kan'ei era[change | change source]
- 1625 (Kan'ei 2): Founding of Kan'ei-ji, which is a Buddhist temple in Ueno.
- 4 November 1626 (Kan'ei 3, 16th day of the 9th month): Emperor Go-Mizunoo visited to Nijō Castle.
- 22 December 1629 ( Kan'ei 6, 8th day of the 11th month): Go-Mizunoo abdicated; and his daughter received the succession (senso). Soon after, Empress Meishō's role as monarch was confirmed in ceremonies (sokui).
- 28 February 1633 (Kan'ei 10, 20th day of the 1st month): There was an earthquake in Sagami Province.
- 1634 (Kan'ei 11, 7th month): Shogun Tokugawa Iemitsu visited the new empress in her court; and he visited ex-emperor Go-Mizunoo.
- 1636 (Kan'ei 13): Coins were minted which stayed in use until 1853.
- 1638 (Kan'ei 15): Christian religion was made illegal in Japan.
- 1643 (Kan'ei 20): An ambassador from the king of Korea was received in Heian-kyō.
- 10 November 1643 (Kan'ei 20, 29th day of the 9th month): In the 15th year of Empress Meishō's reign (明正天皇15年), the empress abdicated; and her brother became Emperor Go-Komyō in ceremonies of senso and sokui.
Related pages[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2002). "Kan'ei" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 468.
- Nussbaum, "Go-Mizunoo Tennō," pp. 256-257
- Nussbaum, "Meishō Tennō," p. 625; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 411-412.
- Munro, Neil. (1904). Coins of Japan, p. 111.
- Nussbaum, "Kan'ei-ji" at p. 468.
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1956). Kyoto: the Old Capital of Japan, 794–1869, p. 317.
- Titsingh, p. 411; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2012-6-29.
- Titsingh, p. 411; Ponsonby-Fane, p. 317.
- Nussbaum, "Kan'ei-tsūhō" at p. 469.
- Titsingh, p. 412.
- Nussbaum, "Kan'ei shoka kezuden" at p. 469.
Other websites[change | change source]
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
- Bank of Japan (BOJ): Kan'ei Tsuho, Bunsen (copper coin = one mon)
|Era or nengō: