Karaikal

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Karaikal

காரைக்கால்

Karikal
Town
Karaikal Port
Karaikal Port
Country India
StatePuducherry
DistrictKaraikal
Population 86,838 (2,011)
Languages
 • OfficialTamil,
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
609602
Telephone code91 (0)4368
Vehicle registrationPY-02
Websitewww.karaikal.gov.in

Karaikal is a port city in the south-eastern coast of India. It is also a municipality and headquarters of Karaikal district. The French Government got control over Karaikal in 1674 and ruled it for over 280 years until the Pondicherry independence in 1954.

Karaikal port.jpg

After the independence, Karaikal was also joined with Yanam, Mahe,and Pondicherry forming the Puducherry Union territory. Karaikal city and other surrounding parts like Tirumalairayanpattinam, Thirunallar, Nedungadu, Kottucherry, Neravy, Varichikudy etc forms the Karaikal district. This district divides the Nagapattinam district into two. This makes Nagapattinam district as the only district to be divided into two in India.

The rivers of Arasalar River, Virasolanar River, Tirumalairajanar River, Vikramanar River and tributary rivers of Arasalar River flows into the sea here in Karaikal port city.

Karaikal is situated in the Kaveri river's delta region. Therefore Karaikal land is rich in Alluviam, which makes it fertile land.

Karaikal is the place where Karaikal Ammaiyar, one of the 63 nayanmars born and lived. She is one of the renowned saint, who showed her devotion to Lord Shiva. She was also known as the mother of southern music.

Karaikal has many famous temples which are very famous like the Karaikal Ammaiyar Temple. The grand and famous festival of Mangani festival is celebrated in Karaikal. The other temples are Kailasanathar Kovil, Sri Nithyakalyana Perumal temple etc.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Sub-District Details". Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 March 2012.