Karl Ernst von Baer

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Karl Ernst von Baer
Voyages de la Commission scientifique du Nord, en Scandinavie, en Laponie, au Spitzberg et aux Feröe - no-nb digibok 2009040211001-118.jpg
Born (1792-02-17)17 February 1792
Piep estate, Estonia, Russian Empire
Died 16 November 1876(1876-11-16) (aged 84)
Dorpat, Russian Empire
Nationality Estonian[1][2]
Citizenship Russian Empire
Alma mater Imperial University of Dorpat
Known for The discovery of the mammal egg cell; exploring European Russia and Scandinavia
Scientific career
Fields Biology, embryology, geology, meteorology, geography
Institutions Imperial University of Dorpat, University of Königsberg, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Geographical Society

Karl Ernst Ritter von Baer, Edler von Huthorn (Russian: Карл Эрнст фон Бэр; 28 February [O.S. 17 February] 1792 – 28 November [O.S. 16 November] 1876) was an Estonian scientist and explorer. Baer is also known in Russia as Karl Maksimovich Baer (Russian: Карл Макси́мович Бэр).

Baer was a naturalist, biologist, geologist, meteorologist, geographer, and a founding father of embryology. He was an explorer of European Russia and Scandinavia. He was a member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, a co-founder of the Russian Geographical Society, and the first president of the Russian Entomological Society, making him a distinguished Baltic German scientist.

References[change | change source]

  1. K. J. Betteridge (1981). "An historical look at embryo transfer". Reproduction. The Journal of the Society for Reproduction and Fertility 62: 1–13. doi:10.1530/jrf.0.0620001. http://www.reproduction-online.org/content/62/1/1.full.pdf+html. "Three years later, the Estonian, Karl Ernst von Baer, finally found the true mammalian egg in a pet dog (von Baer, 1827).". 
  2. J.M.S. Pearce, M.D. (2010). "Evolution from recapitulation theory to Neural Darwinism". Hektoen International. A Journal of Medical Humanities 2 (2). http://hektoeninternational.org/HektoenInternational.NeuralDarwinism2.html.