Kashō (early Heian period)

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For the "Kashō" era which started in 1106 -- sometimes romanized as "Kajō", see Kashō (late Heian period).

Kashō (嘉祥) was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name"), also known as Kajō,[1] after Jōwa and before Ninju. This period started in June 848 and ended in April 851.[2] During this time, the emperors were Ninmyō-tennō (仁明天皇) and Montoku-tennō (文徳天皇).[3]

Events of the 9th century Kashō era[change | change source]

In Kashō 3, Tachibana no Kachiko established a Buddhist temple which was a precursor of Tenryū-ji
  • 18 February 848 (Kashō 1, 10th day of the 1st month): Fujiwara Yoshifusa (904-872) was given an important office in the court.[4] Yoshifusa's daughter became Emperor Montoku's wife and the mother of Emperor Seiwa.[5]
  • 848 (Kashō 1, 6th month): A rare white tortoise was discovered in Bungo Province. The tortoise was understood as a sign of good luck.[4]
  • 849 (Kashō 2, 4th month): An ambassador from Baekje was received at court.[4]
  • 849 (Kashō 2, 10th month): Nimmyo's his 40th birthday was an event.[4]
  • 849 (Kashō 2, 11th month): The emperor toured the capital in a grand parade.[4]
  • 850 (Kashō 3, 1st month): The emperor made an official visit to the home of his mother.[4]
  • May 6, 850 (Kashō 3, 21st day of the 3rd month): Emperor Ninmyō died at age 41.[6] The succession (senso) was received by his eldest son.[7] Soon after, Emperor Montoku accepted the monarch's role and duties and powers (sokui).[6] This was confirmed in ceremonies.[8]
  • 850 (Kashō 3, 5th month): Tachibana no Kachiko died. She was the widow of Emperor Saga and the mother of Emperor Ninmyō and the grandmother of Emperor Montoku.[6] She founded a Buddhist temple called Danrin-ji (檀林寺) which evolved into Tenryū-ji (天龍寺) which exists today.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Clement, Ernest Wilson (1903). A Handbook of Modern Japan. A. C. McClurg. p. 333.
  2. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric (2002). Japan Encyclopedia. Harvard University Press. p. 486. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5.
  3. Klaproth, Julius von (1834). Nipon o dai itsi ran: ou Annales des empereurs du Japon. Oriental Translation Fund. pp. 106–113.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 Klaproth, Julius von (1834). Nipon o dai itsi ran: ou Annales des empereurs du Japon. Oriental Translation Fund. p. 111.
  5. Klaproth, Julius von (1834). Nipon o dai itsi ran: ou Annales des empereurs du Japon. Oriental Translation Fund. p. 113.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Klaproth, Julius von (1834). Nipon o dai itsi ran: ou Annales des empereurs du Japon. Oriental Translation Fund. p. 112.
  7. Jien; Delmer Myers Brown, Ichirō Ishida (1979). 愚管抄: A Translation and Study of the Gukansho, an Interpretative History of Japan Written in 1219. University of California Press. p. 284. ISBN 978-0-520-03460-0.
  8. Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2011-12-29.

Other websites[change | change source]


Kashō 1st 2nd 3rd 4th
848 849 850 851
Preceded by:
Jōwa
Era or nengō:
Kashō
Succeeded by:
Ninju