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Coordinates: 55°44′N 46°39′E / 55.733°N 46.650°E / 55.733; 46.650

Khirlepposi or Khirleppos' Melesh (Russian: Хирлеппоси; Chuvash: Хирлеппуç Мĕлĕш, Hirleppuş Mĕlĕš) is a locality (a village) in Tautovskoye Rural Settlement of Alikovsky District of the Chuvash Republic, Russia, located 6 kilometers (3.7 mi) west of Alikovo, the administrative center of the district. Population: 245 (2006 est.),[1] mostly females; 539 (1926); 482 (1907); 141 (1859).

Etymology[change | change source]

The name of the village is derived from the Chuvash words "Хирлеп" (the name of the river flowing through the village) and "пусь" ("beginning"). "Мĕлĕш" was the name of the first settler.

Geography[change | change source]

The Khirlep River flows through the village.

Cheboksary–Alikovo–Krasnye Chetai auto route passes near the village.

History[change | change source]

The village was first mentioned in July 1774, when Yemelyan Pugachev passed near it.[2] First school in Khirlepposi opened in 1895.

As the village grew, some of its residents moved out to found new villages in Alikovsky (Small Melesh (or Pavlooshkan'), Toropkasy, New Selo (now it's Azamat), Khitekooshkan', Khoravary) and Krasnochetaisky (Melesh) Districts.

Until 1927, Khirlepposi was a part of Alikovskaya Volost of Yadrinsky Uyezd. On July 1, 1927, the village was incorporated into Alikovsky District and on December 20, 1962 it was transferred to Vurnarsky District. On March 14, 1965, it was returned to Alikovsky District.

Infrastructure[change | change source]

The facilities in Khirlepposi include a club, a library, a first-aid post, and a store.

There are five streets in the village: Tsentralnaya (Chuvash: Тĕп урам, earlier Chuvash: Хăркăн урамĕ), Komsomolskaya (Комсомол урамĕ), Kooperativnaya (Хăркăн урамĕ), Pereulochnaya (Тăкăрлăк урамĕ, earlier Хирлеп кукăрĕ and Турчка кукăрĕ), and Shkolnaya (Ускам урамĕ).

Climate[change | change source]

The climate is moderately continental, with long cold winters and warm summers. Average January temperature is −12.9 °C (8.8 °F); average July temperature is +18.3 °C (64.9 °F). Record low of −54 °C (−65 °F) was recorded in 1979, and the record high was +37 °C (99 °F). Average annual precipitation is up to 552 millimeters (21.7 in).

Notable people[change | change source]

  • Anatoly Ivanovich Platonov (b. 1952), Head of Alikovsky District Administration (as of December 2007)
  • Gennady Sapozhnikov (1933–2004), scientist, biologist
  • Nikita Larionov, Chuvash, writer and poet (here young writer is creating first novel).

References[change | change source]

  1. "Паспорт населённого пункта". Archived from the original on 2012-04-25. Retrieved 2011-11-29.
  2. "Yemelyan Pugachev and the Chuvash people". Archived from the original on 2012-04-25. Retrieved 2011-11-29.

Further reading[change | change source]

  • L. A. Yefimov, "Элĕк Енĕ" (Alikovsky District), Alikovo, 1994
  • "Аликовская энциклопедия" (Alikovsky District's EncYclopedia), authors: Yefimov L.A., Yefimov E.L., Ananyev A.A., Terentyev G.K., Cheboksary, 2009, ISBN 978-5-7670-1630-3.
  • "Аликовскому району 75 лет. Очерки и материалы по истории района", под ред. Л. А. Ефимова, Шупашкар, 2002.