Scottish monarchs

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Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Scotland

This is a list of the Kings and Queens of Scotland. This list goes from 843 until when England and Scotland joined together in 1707.

House of Alpin[change | change source]

Indulf, king of Scots (954-962)

Kenneth I (c. 843–858) Donald I (858–862)

Constantine I (862–877)

Aed (877–878)

Eochaid (878–889)

Giric (878–889)

Donald II (889–890)

Constantine II (900–943)

Malcolm I (943–954)

Indulf (954–962)

Dub (962–967)

Culen (967–971)

Kenneth II (971–995)

Constantine III (995–997)

Kenneth III (997–1005)

Malcolm II (1005–1034)

Duncan I (1034–1040)

MacBeth (1040–1057)

Lulach (1057–1058)

House of Dunkeld

Arms of Scotland: Or a lion rampant within a double tressure flory counterflory gules

Malcolm III (10581093)

Donald III (1093–1094)

Duncan II (1094)

Donald III (1094–1097)

Edmund (1094–1097)

Edgar (1097–1107)

Alexander I (1107–1124)

Saint David I (1124–1153)

Malcolm IV (1153–1165)

William I (1165–1214)

Alexander II (1214–1249)

Alexander III (1249–1286)

Margaret (1286–1290)

First Interregnum 1290–1292

Guardians of Scotland

William Fraser, Bishop of St Andrews

Duncan Macduff, 8th Earl of Fife

Alexander Comyn, 2nd Earl of Buchan

Robert Wishart, Bishop of Glasgow

James Stewart, 5th High Steward of Scotland

John Comyn

House of Balliol

John (1292-1296)

John Balliol, king of Scots, installed by Edward I Longshanks (1292-1296)

Second Interregnum 1296–1306[change | change source]

Guardians of Scotland

Andrew de Moray (1297)

William Wallace (12971298)

Robert the Bruce, Earl of Carrick (1298–1300)

John Comyn (1298–1301)

William Lamberton, Bishop of St Andrews (1299–1301)

Sir Ingram de Umfraville (1300–1301)

John de Soules (1301–1304)

John Comyn (1302–1304)

House of Bruce[change | change source]

Robert I the Bruce (13061329)

David II (13291371)

House of Balliol[change | change source]

Edward Balliol (13291363)

Oliver Cromwell and possibly his son Richard, lord protector of England & Scotland from 1649-1658 and 1653-1658, executed King Charles I. His son followed for under a year from 1658-1659. (August-May). The monarchy was restored in 1660 with king Charles II.

House of Stewart (Stuart)[change | change source]

Robert II (13711390)

Robert III (13901406)

James I (14061437)

James II (14371460)

James III (14601488)

James IV (14881513)

James V (15131542)

Mary I (15421567) (executed 1587)

James VI (15671625), Union of the Crowns with Kingdom of England from (1603)

Charles I (16251649)

Charles II (16491685) (See also English Interregnum)

James VII (16851689)

Mary II (16891694), co-monarch

William II (16891702), co-monarch until 1694

Anne (17021714), though the Scottish throne was replaced with that of the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1707

Disputed or Unrecognized Claims[change | change source]

Margaret, the Maid of Norway was unrecognized by some Scots (ruled 1286-1290)

Some call Henry I/IX, Henry II, recognizing Henry Lord Darnley's claim to the throne as legitimate.

Related pages[change | change source]

  • In 1707, England and Scotland joined together. For Kings and Queens after 1707, see British monarchs. Although monarchs ruled both Scotland and England since James VI and the Union of the Crowns in 1603.