Kingdom of Galicia

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The Kingdom of Galicia (Galician: Reino de Galicia, or Galiza; Spanish: Reino de Galicia; Portuguese: Reino da Galiza; Latin: Galliciense Regnum) was a political entity (a state) in southwestern Europe.

Kingdom of Galicia
Reino de Galicia or Galiza (in Galician)
Reino de Galicia (in Spanish)
Reino da Galiza (in Portuguese)
Galliciense Regnum (in Latin)
910–1833
Flag of Galiza
Flag
Coat of arms of Galiza
Coat of arms
Motto: Hoc hic misterium fidei firmiter profitemur
"Here is the mystery of faith that we strongly profess"
Anthem: Antiga Marcha do Reino de Galicia
Map of the Kingdom of Galicia
The location of the Kingdom of Galicia in the 11th century CE, in red
CapitalSantiago de Compostela1
Common languagesLatin
Vulgar Latin
Galician-Portuguese
Castilian
A few speakers of Brittonic, Visigothic, Vandalic and Suebic
Religion
Roman Catholicism
Demonym(s)Galician
GovernmentMonarchy
Monarch 
• 409–438
Hermeric (first)
• 1813–1833
Ferdinand VII (last)
LegislatureJunta
History 
• Founded by García II
910
• Dissolved
1833
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Western Roman Empire
Kingdom of Leon
Kingdom of Spain
County of Portugal
Couto Misto
1 Previously Lugo and Braga. From the 16th century the capitality was disputed.
Arms of the Kingdom of Galicia, illustrated in L´armorial Le Blancq, Bibliothèque nationale de France, 1560

Galicia was part of the Kingdom of the Spanish Visigoths from 585 to 711. In the 8th century Galicia became a part of the newly founded Christian kingdoms of the northwest of the peninsula, Asturias and León. Sometimes it got independence under its own kings.[1]

Compostela became capital of Galicia in the 11th century. The independence of Portugal (1128) made its southern boundary. The accession of the Castilian King Ferdinand III to the Leonese kingdom in 1230 brought Galicia under the control of the Crown of Castile. The kingdom of Galicia was now a political division in the larger realm.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Rodríguez Fernández, Justiniano (1997). García I, Ordoño II, Fruela II, Alfonso IV. Burgos: Editorial La Olmeda. ISBN 84-920046-8-1.