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Kingdom of Israel (united monarchy)

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United Kingdom of Israel
ממלכת ישראל המאוחדת
117 years (1047 BCE - 930 BCE)
Kingdom of Israel during King Saul's rule
Kingdom of Israel during King Saul's rule
Location of Kingdom of Israel (united monarchy)
31°47′N 35°13′E
Official languagesHebrew
Ancient Semitic religions
GovernmentHereditary theocratic absolute monarchy
• 1047–1010 BCE
• 1010–1008 BCE
• 1008–970 BCE
• 970–931 BCE
• 931-930 BCE
Establishment1047 BCE
• Established
1047 BCE
• King Solomon's death
930 BCE
Time zoneUTC+2:00
Today part of Israel
 Palestinian National Authority

The United Kingdom of Israel (Hebrew: מְמַלְכַּת יִשְׂרָאֵל הַמְאוּחֶדֶת) was an ancient Israelite kingdom during the Iron Age.

It was a kingdom in which all the tribes of Israel were united under one rule in the Land of Israel, and it existed for about a hundred years, from the anointing of Saul as king until the division of the kingdom after the death of Solomon into two separate kingdoms: Israel and Judah.

Geography[change | change source]

Borders according to the Tanakh[change | change source]

According to the Tanakh, the Kingdom of Israel in the days of Saul stretched from the Negev to the Golan and included most of the coastal plain (except for the southern part that was in the hands of the Philistines), the cities of Judea and Samaria (with the exception of Jerusalem and Beit Shan which were only conquered during the time of David), and areas past the eastern Jordan that are in the territory of the modern Kingdom of Jordan.

In the days of David and Solomon, the influence of the Kingdom of Israel expanded and it included the Kingdom of Aram Zoba to the north and the kingdoms of Ammon, Moab and Edom to the east, some under its direct control and some as proteges. The northern border of the kingdom passed through the city of Passover, located on the west bank of the Euphrates River in the territory of modern Syria.