Kingdom of Sicily
The Kingdom of Sicily, was a kingdom that was located in South Italy what is now known as Sicily, it was a successor to the County of Sicily which had been founded in 1071 during the Norman conquest of the southern peninsula. The island was divided into three regions: Val di Mazara, Val Demone and Val di Noto. In 1282 there was a revolt against the Angevin rule, known as the Sicilian Vespers threw off Charles of Anjou's rule of the island of Sicily. The Angevins managed to maintain control in the main part of the kingdom which became a separate entity also styled the Kingdom of Sicily. although it is commonly referred to as the Kingdom of Naples after its capital. From 1282 to 1409 the island was ruled by the Spanish Crown of Aragon as an independent kingdom, then it was added permanently to the Crown. After 1302, the island kingdom was sometimes called the Kingdom of Trinacria, In 1816, the island Kingdom of Sicily merged with the Kingdom of Naples to form the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. In 1861, the Two Sicilies were invaded and conquered by an Expedition Corp (Expedition of the Thousand) led by Giuseppe Garibaldi who later transferred them to the house of Savoy, to form, after a referendum, with the Kingdom of Sardinia itself (i.e. Savoy, Piedmont and Sardinia) and several northern city-states and duchies, the new Kingdom of Italy.