Komi language

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(Redirected from Komi-Zyryan language)
Komi language
коми кыв
komi kyv
Native toRussia
RegionKomi Republic, Nenetsia, Permyakia, Yamalia, Yugra, elsewhere in Russia
Native speakers
160,000 (2010 census)[1]
Cyrillic, Old Permic Script (Formerly)
Official status
Official language in
 Russia
Language codes
ISO 639-1kv
ISO 639-3kpv
Glottologkomi1268
Komi is classified as Definitely Endangered by the UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger (2010)
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The Komi language (Komi: коми кыв, komi kyv), also known as Zyryan, Zyrian or Komi-Zyryan (Komi: коми-зырян кыв, komi-zyrjan kyv),[2] is one of the two types of the Komi language. The other type is Permyak.

Speakers[change | change source]

Komi is spoken by the Komi peoples native to the Komi Republic and other parts of Russia such as Nenetsia and Yamalia. There were 285,000 speakers in 1994. This went down to 160,000 in 2010.

Writings[change | change source]

It was written in the Old Permic alphabet (Komi: Template:Script/Old Permic, Анбур, Anbur) in the 14th century. The Cyrillic script was introduced by Russian missionaries in the 17th century. This script replaced the Old Permic script.

References[change | change source]

  1. Komi language at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. Komi language Britannica.

Bibliography[change | change source]

  • Bartens, Raija (2000). Permiläisten kielten rakenne ja kehitys (in Finnish). Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura. ISBN 952-5150-55-0.
  • Abondolo, Daniel (2015). The Uralic Languages. Routledge
  • R. M. Batalova. 1993. Komi(-Zyryanskij) Jazyk. In V. N. Jartseva (ed.), Jazyki Mira: Ural'skie Jazyki, 214–229. Moskva: Nauka.
  • Fed'un'ova, G.V. Önija komi kyv ('The Modern Komi Language'). Morfologia/Das’töma filologijasa kandidat G.V.Fed'un'ova kipod ulyn. Syktyvkar: Komi n’ebög ledzanin, 2000. 544 pp. ISBN 5-7555-0689-2.

Other websites[change | change source]