Komi peoples

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Komi
Komi peoples.jpg
Komi people photographed in 2006 in Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug
Total population
approx. 553,000 (2002)
Regions with significant populations
Russia, largely located in the Komi Republic, Perm Krai, Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Arkhangelsk Oblast, and Murmansk Oblast
 Russia
 Ukraine
  • Komi-Zyryans and Komi-Permyaks 2,710 (2001)[3]
 CIS
  • Komi-Zyryans 8,210 (1989)
  • Komi-Permyaks 4,791 (1989)[4]
 Estonia
  • Komi-Zyryans and Komi-Permyaks 95 (2011)[5]
 Finland
  • Komi speakers 29 (2017)[6]
Languages
Russian, Komi
Religion
Related ethnic groups
Udmurts, other Permians

The Komi (Komi: комияс, komijas also комі-войтир, komi-voityr), also called Komi-Zyryans or Zyryans, are a Permian ethnic group. The Komi homeland is located in northeastern European Russia around the Vychegda, Pechora, and Kama rivers. In Russia, they mainly live in the Komi Republic, Perm Krai, Murmansk Oblast, Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug, and the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug.

Language[change | change source]

The Komi language is part of the Permian branch of the Uralic family. There are two main dialects: Zyrian and Permyak, though Permyak is sometimes considered a separate language. The language was originally written using the Old Permic alphabet, but Cyrillic is used now.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Russian Census 2010. Nationalities". demoscope.ru (in Russian). Демоскоп Weekly. Archived from the original on 2011-06-22.
  2. "Russian Census 2002. Nationalities". demoscope.ru (in Russian). Демоскоп Weekly. Archived from the original on 2012-05-21.
  3. "National composition of population". 2001.ukrcensus.gov.ua (in Ukrainian). State statistics committee of Ukraine, 2001 census.
  4. "Soviet Census 1989. Nationalities". demoscope.ru (in Russian). Демоскоп Weekly. Archived from the original on 2010-03-16.
  5. RL0428: Rahvastik rahvuse, soo ja elukoha järgi, 31. detsember 2011
  6. "Väestö 31.12. Muuttujina Maakunta, Kieli, Ikä, Sukupuoli, Vuosi ja Tiedot".