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Kumbakonam is a town in the Thanjavur district of Tamil Nadu, India. This town is the headquarters of the Kumbakonam taluk of Thanjavur district. The town is surrounded by two rivers, the Kaveri River to the north and Arasalar River to the south. Kumbakonam is known as a "temple town". This is because more numbers of Hindu Temples are built in Kumbakonam. The Mahamaham festival held (celebrated) in this town is famous throughout the country. In history, Kumbakonam was ruled by the Early Cholas, Pallavas, Medieval Cholas, Later Cholas, Pandyas, the Vijayanagar Empire, Madurai Nayaks, Thanjavur Nayaks and the Thanjavur Marathas. This town served as a capital of the Medieval Cholas.

Population[change | change source]

According to 2011 census, Kumbakonam had a population of 140,156. This town has a sex-ratio of 1,021 females for every 1,000 males.[2] The average literacy of the town is 83.21%.[2]

Kumbakonam has a strong Hindu majority. But it too has Muslim and Christian populations.

Religious census
Religion Percent(%)
No religion

References[change | change source]

  • Conversion of City Corporate Plan to Business Plan for Kumbakonam municipality (PDF) (Report). Commissioner of Municipal Administration, Government of Tamil Nadu. 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-07-29. Retrieved 2012-11-16.
  • Anantharaman, Ambujam (2006). Temples of South India. East West books. ISBN 8188661422.
  • Ayyar, Jagadisa P. V. (1920). South Indian shrines: illustrated. Madras Times Printing and Pub. Co.
  • Gough, Kathleen (1981). Rural Society in Southeast India. Cambridge University Press.
  • Hunter, Sir William Wilson (1908). The Imperial Gazetteer of India 1908, Vol 16. Clarendon Press.
  • Proceedings of the Indian Colloquium on Micropalaeontology and Stratigraphy. Dept. of Geology, University of Lucknow. 1972.
  • Ring, Trudy; Robert M. Salkin; Sharon La Boda (1996). International Dictionary of Historic Places: Asia and Oceania, Volume 5 of International Dictionary of Historic Places. Taylore & Francis. ISBN 1884964052.
  • Sarma, Krishnamurti B. N. (2000). A history of the Dvaita school of Vedānta and its literature: from the earliest beginnings to our own times. Motilal Banarsidass. ISBN 8120815750.
  • Sastri, Nilakanta K.A (2000) [1935]. The CōĻas. Madras: University of Madras.
  • V., Vriddhagirisan (1942). Nayaks of Tanjore. New Delhi: Asian Educational Services. ISBN 81-206-0996-4.
  • W., Francis (1989). Gazetteer of South India, Volume 2. Mittal Publications.

Further reading[change | change source]

  • Students' Britannica India, Volume 1. Popular Prakashan. 2000. p. 259. ISBN 0852297602.

References[change | change source]

  1. India. Office of the Registrar General (1969). Census of India, 1961, Volume 9. Manager of Publications.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.

Other websites[change | change source]