Lamborghini Espada

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Lamborghini Espada
Lamborghini-Espada.jpg
A Series III Espada
Overview
ManufacturerLamborghini
Production1968–1978
1217 made[1]
AssemblyItaly: Sant'Agata Bolognese
DesignerMarcello Gandini at Bertone[2]
Body and chassis
ClassGrand tourer
Body style2-door coupé
LayoutFront-engine, rear-wheel-drive
Powertrain
Engine3.9 L Lamborghini V12
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,650 mm (104.3 in)
Length4,730 mm (186.2 in)
Width1,860 mm (73.2 in)
Height1,185 mm (46.7 in)
Weight1,630 kg (3,594 lb)

The Lamborghini Espada is a station wagon made by Lamborghini. It was made from 1968 to 1978. There were three generations of the Espada. These generations were known as Series I, Series II, and Series III.

History[change | change source]

The Lamborghini Espada was designed by Marcello Gandini in 1967.[1]

The Espada is a four-seater grand-touring car. It was initially sold at the same time as the Islero and the mid-engine Miura. The Espada and the Islero both replaced the 400 GT.[3]

Three different series of the Espada were made. These were the S1 (1968–1970), the S2 (1970–1972) and the S3 (1972–1978). Each series was an update from the last, with changes such as more horsepower and a redesigned interior. Overall, 1,217 Espadas were made.[3][4]

Series I[change | change source]

A Series I Espada

The Espada was launched at the 1968 Geneva Motor Show, alongside the Islero.[3] The Espada was equipped with a 3,929 cc (240 cu in) Lamborghini V12 engine, which was based off the one used in the 400 GT 2+2. The engine was rated at 325 hp (242 kW; 330 PS) in the series I cars.[3][5][1] 186 Series I Espadas were made before January 1970.[1]

Series II[change | change source]

At the 1970 Brussels Motor Show, Lamborghini revealed the Series II version of the Espada.[4] The power output of the Espada increased to 350 hp (261 kW; 355 PS)[1] due to a higher 10.7:1 compression ratio.[3] The brakes were changed to vented Girling discs instead of solid discs. CV joints were now used on the rear half-shafts.[4] Lamborghini made 575 of the Series II Espadas,[1] which was the most of any series of Espada.

Series III[change | change source]

The Series III Espada was launched in 1972.[3] It was fitted with wider Pirelli Cinturato 215/70WR15 CN12 tyres. The front grille now had a square instead of hexagonal mesh. A sunroof was also made an option for the Series III.[4]

The 350 hp (261 kW; 355 PS) engine was carried over from the Series II Espada. Power steering by ZF and air conditioning were now standard. In 1974, a Chrysler Torqueflite 3 speed automatic transmission became available as an option.[4]

From 1975, large impact bumpers had to be installed to meet United States safety requirements. Other changes had to be made for the car to meet US laws. Some people consider these later US-spec cars to be a separate fourth series of the Espada.[4]

Engine and transmission[change | change source]

The Espada used an updated version of the 400 GT’s 4.0 liter V12 engine. The engine produced 325 hp (242 kW; 330 PS) horsepower in the Series I Espada, and 350 hp (261 kW; 355 PS) in the Series II and III Espadas.[3] The engine was paired to a five-speed manual transmission, with a three-speed Chrysler-built automatic transmission as an option for the Series III Espada.[5]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Grandini, Luca (August 2009). "Un dodici per quattro". Ruoteclassiche (in Italian). Editoriale Domus: 24–31.
  2. "Designer". ajovalo.net. Retrieved 2012-02-08.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Marchet, Jean-François (1985). Lamborghini Espada & the 4-seaters : 350GT, 400GT, Islero, Jarama, Marzal, Espada. London: Osprey. ISBN 0-85045-592-8. OCLC 12806744.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 Lyons, Pete (1988). The Complete Book of Lamborghini. New York: Beekman House. pp. 106–122. OCLC 18937830.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Borel, Jean-Marc (1981). Lamborghini. Bolognese (BO), Italia: Lamborghini. pp. 61–67. ISBN 2-903652-00-7. OCLC 9458867.