Laparoscopy is a surgical technique. It is commonly called "keyhole surgery". The surgery is done through a small incision (~opening or cut). This is a "minimally invasive procedure". Its benefits include: reduced pain, reduced bleeding, and shorter recovery time. It needs special surgical instruments, and a fibre optic system so the surgeon can see into the right place.
The first laparoscopic procedure was performed by German surgeon Georg Kelling in 1901.
References[change | change source]
- Stephen W, Eubanks S, Lee L, Swanstrom LL, Soper NJ, eds. (2004). Mastery of Endoscopic and Laparoscopic Surgery (2nd ed.). Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. ISBN 978-0781744454