Latin American poetry

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Latin American poetry is poetry written by poets born in Latin America.

Lyric poetry is popular in Latin America. Some lines in lyric poems rhyme. Sometimes lyric poems do not rhyme. Rubén Darío, César Vallejo, Ernesto Cardenal, Gabriela Mistral, and Pablo Neruda wrote lyric poems.

Prose poetry is also popular in Latin America. Prose poems are written in sentences and paragraphs. (The lines do not rhyme.) Jorge Luis Borges (Everything and Nothing), Pablo Neruda (Passions and Impressions), Octavio Paz (Eagle or Sun?), Alejandra Pizarnik (Sex/Night), and Giannina Braschi (Empire of Dreams) wrote prose poetry.

Latin American poets also have a strong tradition of epic poetry.[1] National themes, landscapes, and local traditions appear in epic poems. José Hernández wrote the famous epic poem Martín Fierro about cowboy culture in Argentina.[1]

History[change | change source]

In the 17th century, Sor Juana was a nun who lived in Mexico. She wrote spiritual and philosophical poems.[2]

In the 19th century, the Cuban poet José Martí wrote the famous poem, "Yo soy un hombre sincero" ("I'm a sincere man"). This poem became the lyrics of the popular song "Guantanamera".[3] Rubén Darío was a famous modernist poet. He wrote "Azul" (1888). Cesar Vallejo is one of the most important poets in the Spanish Language.[4] Vallejo wrote Trilce (1922).[5][4]

In the 20th century, Gabriela Mistral was the first Latin American poet to win the Nobel Prize in Literature.[6] She wrote about children, teachers, family, and romance. Pablo Neruda wrote the epic poem Canto General. Neruda was the second Latin American poet won the Nobel Prize.[7] Alejandra Pizarnik wore prose poems about childhood, cruelty, and death.[8] Giannina Braschi writes epic poetry about immigration, revolution, and freedom.[9] Ana Castillo writes about the Mexican border, ghosts, and Chicano culture.[10] Roberto Bolaño wrote novels about poets. His famous novels 2666 and Savage Detectives.[11] Bolaño also wrote many poems in free verse and in prose.[12]

Latin American poets[change | change source]

The Colonial period

19th century

20th century

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Latin American literature - The 19th century". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved October 19, 2020.
  2. "Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz | Mexican poet and scholar". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved October 19, 2020.
  3. "Marti's Song for Freedom / Martí y sus versos por la libertad". Social Justice Books. September 8, 2017. Retrieved October 19, 2020.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "The Greatest Books: Written by César Vallejo". Retrieved October 19, 2020.
  5. Poets, Academy of American. "About César Vallejo | Academy of American Poets". Retrieved October 19, 2020.
  6. "The Nobel Prize in Literature 1945". Retrieved October 19, 2020.
  7. "The Nobel Prize in Literature 1971". Retrieved October 19, 2020.
  8. Foundation, Poetry (October 17, 2020). "Alejandra Pizarnik". Poetry Foundation. Retrieved October 19, 2020.
  9. "Giannina Braschi". World Literature Today. Retrieved October 19, 2020.
  10. "Three Poems by Carmen Boullosa". Latin American Literature Today. October 31, 2017. Retrieved October 19, 2020.
  11. Schillinger, Liesl (January 28, 2019). "A Bolaño Novel About Young Poets in Mexico City, Hungry for Fame, Sex and Adventure. No, Not That One. (Published 2019)". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 19, 2020.
  12. Garner, Dwight (July 9, 2013). "At Play in the Field of Verse (Published 2013)". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 19, 2020.