Lee O-young (15 January 1934 – 26 February 2022) was a South Korean politician, critic and novelist. Lee was born in Asan-si, Chungcheongnam-do, Chōsen, Japan. Lee taught at Ewha Womans University, where he was a professor emeritus, and Dankook University. Lee was the chief editor of Munhak sasang (Literary Thought). From 1989 until 1990, he was the Minister of Culture.