Les XX

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Poster of the 1889 Les XX exhibition

Les XX was a group of twenty Belgian painters, designers and sculptors. It was formed in 1883 by the Brussels lawyer, publisher, and entrepreneur Octave Maus. For ten years 'Les Vingt', as they called themselves, held a yearly exhibition of their art. Each year twenty international artists were also invited to be in the exhibition. Artists invited over the years included: Camille Pissarro (1887, 1889, 1891), Claude Monet (1886, 1889), Georges Seurat (1887, 1889, 1891, 1892), Paul Gauguin (1889, 1891), Paul Cézanne (1890), and Vincent van Gogh (1890, 1891).

In 1893, the society of Les XX was changed into "La Libre Esthétique".

Eleven founding members[change | change source]

Nine invited members[change | change source]

Twelve later invited members[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Walther, Ingo F.; Suckle, Robert and Wundram, Manfred (2002). Masterpieces of Western Art. 1. Taschen. p. 760. ISBN 978-3-8228-1825-1. Retrieved 22 December 2009.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 Clement, Russell T.; Houzé, Annick (1999). Neo-impressionist painters. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 396. ISBN 978-0-313-30382-1. Retrieved 22 December 2009.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 State, Paul F. (2004). Historical dictionary of Brussels. Scarecrow Press. p. 409. ISBN 978-0-8108-5075-0. Retrieved 22 December 2009.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Gaze, Delia (1997). Dictionary of women artists, Volume 1. Taylor & Francis. p. 1512. ISBN 978-1-884964-21-3. Retrieved 22 December 2009.
  5. James, Kathleen (2006). Bauhaus culture: from Weimar to the Cold War. University of Minnesota Press. p. 246. ISBN 978-0-8166-4688-3. Retrieved 22 December 2009.
  6. Frijhoff, Willem; Spies (2004). Dutch Culture in a European Perspective. 3. Marijke. Van Gorcum. p. 598. ISBN 978-90-232-3965-9. Retrieved 22 December 2009.