Jump to content


From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

An iceberg lettuce field in California
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Tribe: Cichorieae
Genus: Lactuca
L. sativa
Binomial name
Lactuca sativa
Loose leaf Romaine lettuce

Lettuce is a vegetable as well as an annual plant. Both the stems and the leaves can be eaten. It is of the Asteraceae family.

Growing lettuce[change | change source]

Lettuce can be grown in many parts of the world, including Europe, Asia, and North America, in temperate climates. It will turn more bitter tasting in hot weather. You can grow lettuce during winter in a greenhouse.[1]

Eating lettuce[change | change source]

In some countries, it is often eaten cold and raw, in salads, hamburgers, tacos, sandwichs, and many other dishes. In some places, including China, lettuce is eaten cooked. Lettuce contains very little energy or nutrients.

Kinds of lettuce[change | change source]

Most lettuce leaves are green, but some are red. Most lettuce leaves taste bitter. Some kinds of lettuce grow in a head shape like cabbage, while the leaves of some kinds grow more loosely.

The five main cultivars are: green leaf, red leaf, cos, crisphead, and stem lettuce.[2]

Common varieties are Romaine, iceberg, and butter lettuce.

The name of the plant in English, lettuce, and in Latin, lactuca, come from lactis, the Latin word for milk, because the juice of the plant looks like milk.

History of lettuce[change | change source]

Wild lettuce plants were eaten by the Romans and Egyptians. The ancient Greeks were among the first people to grow lettuce as a crop. It was one of the first plants brought to the New World by Christopher Columbus.[3]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Lettuce - Lactuca Sativa - Daisy Family". www.selfsufficientish.com.
  2. "Lettuce - Vegetable Directory - Watch Your Garden Grow - University of Illinois Extension". extension.illinois.edu.
  3. "Origin and History of Lettuce". Archived from the original on 2007-07-20. Retrieved 2007-08-05.