Libertarian Party (United States)

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Libertarian Party
Chairperson Nicholas Sarwark (AZ)
Secretary Alicia Mattson
Founded December 11, 1971; 45 years ago (1971-12-11)
Headquarters 1444 Duke St.
Alexandria, Virginia 22314
Student wing Libertarian Youth Caucus
LGBT wing Outright Libertarians
Membership  (July 2017) Increase 511,277[1]
Ideology Majority:
Libertarianism[2]
Non-interventionism[3]
Fiscal conservatism[4]
Economic liberalism[4]
Cultural liberalism[4]
Laissez-faire[4]
International affiliation International Alliance of Libertarian Parties,
Interlibertarians[5]
Colors       Gold
Seats in the Senate
0 / 100
Seats in the House
0 / 435
Governorships
0 / 50
State Upper House Seats
1 / 1,972
State Lower House Seats
3 / 5,411
Territorial Governorships
0 / 6
Territorial Upper Chamber Seats
0 / 97
Territorial Lower Chamber Seats
0 / 91
Other elected offices 155 (2017)[6]
Website
www.lp.org

The Libertarian Party is a political party in the United States, founded in 1971. The current Chairperson of the Libertarian National Committee is Nicholas Sarwark of Arizona since June 2014.

It is the third largest political party in the United States in terms of the popular vote in the country's elections and number of candidates run per election, and it is also identified by many as the fastest growing political party in the United States.

Ideas[change | change source]

The political ideas of the Libertarian Party reflect the ideas of libertarianism: supporting less regulated markets, a less powerful state, strong civil liberties (favoring same-sex marriage and other LGBT rights),[7] the legalization of cannabis,[8] separation of church and state, open immigration, neutrality in diplomatic issues, staying out of other countries' wars,[9] freedom of trade and travel to all foreign countries, and a better democracy. They also support the right to own guns.[10]

The Libertarian Party has also supported the United States' exit from the United Nations and other organizations. Although there is not a "left" or "right" wing label to the party, it is considered by many to be more left-wing than the Republican Party but more right-wing than the Democratic Party. Many members say they are more socially liberal than the Democrats, but more conservative with money than the Republicans.

As of March 2016, there are over 410,000[11] voters registered as Libertarians. Hundreds of Libertarian candidates have been elected or appointed to public office, and thousands have run for office under the Libertarian banner.

Presidential elections[change | change source]

The Libertarian Party has had a number of records, such as being the first party to get an electoral vote for a woman in a United States presidential election. On May 5, 2012, Gary Johnson received the Libertarian Party's official nomination for President of the United States in the 2012 election. In 2016, Johnson once again became the party's nominee with running mate William Weld. In the United States presidential election, 2016 they won more popular votes than ever before.

Other websites[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Winger, Richard (27 July 2017). "New Voter Registration Nation Totals". ballot-access.org. http://ballot-access.org/2017/07/27/new-registration-data-for-the-united-states/. Retrieved 27 July 2017.
  2. Rothbard, Murray Newton (1978). For a New Liberty: The Libertarian Manifesto. p. 153. "Even more remarkably, the Libertarian party achieved this growth while consistently adhering to a new ideological creed—”libertarianism”—thus bringing to the American political scene for the first time in a century a party interested in principle rather than in merely gaining jobs and money at the public trough."
  3. "Libertarian Party opposes further intervention in Iraq". http://www.lp.org/news/press-releases/libertarian-party-opposes-further-intervention-in-iraq.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Ideological Third Parties and Splinter Parties". https://www.boundless.com/political-science/textbooks/boundless-political-science-textbook/interest-groups-7/minor-political-parties-58/ideological-third-parties-and-splinter-parties-335-8403/.
  5. "Together in freedom". Interlibertarians. http://interlibertarian.altervista.org/INTERLIBERTARIANS/Members_page.html.
  6. "Elected Officials". https://www.lp.org/elected-officials-2/.
  7. June 10, 2011. Libertarians say marriage equality only one step toward ending legal discrimination. Official website.
  8. Crime and Violence. Official Website. Accessed: October 13, 2013.
  9. "Libertarian Party on War & Peace". OnTheIssues. http://www.ontheissues.org/Celeb/Libertarian_Party_War_+_Peace.htm. Retrieved 22 March 2016.
  10. Gun Laws. Official Website. Accessed: October 13, 2013.
  11. "New Data: Libertarian Party Registrations Rising". TruthInMedia. http://truthinmedia.com/libertarian-party-registrations-rising/. Retrieved March 17, 2016.