Libertarian Party (United States)

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Libertarian Party
ChairpersonJoe Bishop-Henchman (DC)
SecretaryCaryn Ann Harlos (CO)
FoundedDecember 11, 1971; 49 years ago (1971-12-11)
Headquarters1444 Duke St.
Alexandria, Virginia 22314
Membership (February 2020)Increase 652,261[a][1]
IdeologyMajority:
Libertarianism[2]
Laissez-faire[3]
Cultural liberalism[3]
Classical liberalism[3]
Economic liberalism[3]
Fiscal conservatism[3]
Non-interventionism[4]

Factions:
Minarchism[5]
Anarcho-capitalism[5]
Libertarian socialism[6]
Paleolibertarianism[7]
Political positionBig tent[8]
International affiliationInternational Alliance of Libertarian Parties
Colors     Gold-yellow
Slogan"Minimum government, maximum freedom."
Senate
0 / 100
House of Representatives
0 / 435
State governorships
0 / 50
State upper chambers
0 / 1,972
State lower chambers[9][10]
2 / 5,411
Territorial governorships
0 / 6
Territorial upper chambers
0 / 97
Territorial lower chambers
0 / 91
Other elected offices221 (2021)[11]
Election symbol
Libertarian Disc.svg
Website
lp.org

The Libertarian Party is a political party in the United States, founded in 1971. The current Chairperson of the Libertarian National Committee is Joe Bishop-Hechman of Washington, D.C. since July 2020.

It is the third largest party in the United States in terms of the popular vote in the country's elections and number of candidates run per election, and it is also identified by many as the fastest growing political party in the United States.

Ideas[change | change source]

The political ideas of the Libertarian Party reflect the ideas of libertarianism: supporting less regulated markets, a less powerful state, strong civil liberties (favoring same-sex marriage and other LGBT rights),[12] the legalization of cannabis,[13] separation of church and state, open immigration, neutrality in diplomatic issues, staying out of other countries' wars,[14] freedom of trade and travel to all foreign countries, and a better democracy. They also support more lenient gun laws.[15]

The Libertarian Party has also supported the United States' exit from the United Nations and other organizations. Although there is not a "left" or "right" wing label to the party, it is considered by many to be more left-wing than the Republican Party but more right-wing than the Democratic Party. Many members say they are more socially liberal than the Republicans, but more conservative with money than the Democrats.

As of March 2016, there are over 410,000[16] voters registered as Libertarians. Hundreds of Libertarian candidates have been elected or appointed to public office, and thousands have run for office under the Libertarian banner.

Presidential elections[change | change source]

The Libertarian Party has had a number of records, such as being the first party to get an electoral vote for a woman in a United States presidential election. On May 5, 2012, Gary Johnson received the Libertarian Party's official nomination for President of the United States in the 2012 election. In 2016, Johnson once again became the party's nominee with running mate William Weld. In the United States presidential election, 2016 they won more popular votes than ever before. In 2020, Jo Jorgensen became the Presidential nominee with the running mate Spike Cohen.

Other websites[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Winger, Richard (October 24, 2020). "Nationwide Voter Registration Data by Party". ballot-access.org. Retrieved October 27, 2020.
  2. Rothbard, Murray Newton (1978). For a New Liberty: The Libertarian Manifesto. p. 153. Even more remarkably, the Libertarian party achieved this growth while consistently adhering to a new ideological creed—"libertarianism"—thus bringing to the American political scene for the first time in a century a party interested in principle rather than in merely gaining jobs and money at the public trough
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 "Ideological Third Parties and Splinter Parties". June 3, 2017. Archived from the original on January 16, 2015. Retrieved January 16, 2015.
  4. "Libertarian Party opposes further intervention in Iraq". June 18, 2014.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Less Antman, The Dallas Accord is Dead, Lew Rockwell.com, May 12, 2008.
  6. Duane Paul Murphy (September 12, 2018). "Libertarian Socialists Organize Online Within the Libertarian Party". College Media Network. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
  7. Llewellyn H. Rockwell, Jr. "The Case for Paleo-libertarianism" in Liberty, January, 1990, 34–38.
  8. Silver, Nate (27 May 2008). "The Libertarians' Big Tent". FiveThirtyEight. ABC News. Retrieved 25 January 2021.
  9. "Elected Officials – Marshall Burt". Libertarian Party. Libertarian National Committee. Retrieved 9 January 2021.
  10. Harris, Tyler (14 December 2020). "Maine State Rep. John Andrews Joins the Libertarian Party". Libertarian Party. Libertarian National Committee. Retrieved 9 January 2021.
  11. "Elected Officials". Retrieved January 23, 2021.
  12. June 10, 2011. Libertarians say marriage equality only one step toward ending legal discrimination. Official website.
  13. Crime and Violence. Official Website. Accessed: October 13, 2013.
  14. "Libertarian Party on War & Peace". OnTheIssues. Retrieved 22 March 2016.
  15. Gun Laws. Official Website. Accessed: October 13, 2013.
  16. "New Data: Libertarian Party Registrations Rising". TruthInMedia. Retrieved March 17, 2016.

Notes 9. reference is a dead link on the internet

  1. Only includes individuals who have registered Libertarian in the 31 jurisdictions that allow registration with the Libertarian Party. Jurisdictions include Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Washington, D.C., Florida, Idaho, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Utah, West Virginia and Wyoming.