Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

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Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
(1977–1986)
الجماهيرية العربية الليبية الشعبية الاشتراكية

al-Jamāhīrīyah al-'Arabīyah al-Lībīyah ash-Sha'bīyah al-Ishtirākīyah
Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
(1986–2011)
الجماهيرية العربية الليبية الشعبية الإشتراكية العظمى

al-Jamāhīrīyah al-'Arabīyah al-Lībīyah ash-Sha'bīyah al-Ishtirākīyah al-'Uẓmá
1977–2011
Coat of arms of Libya
Coat of arms
Motto: وحدة ، حرية ، اشتراكية
Waḥdah, Ḥurrīyah, Ishtirākīyah
("Unity, Freedom, Socialism")
Anthem: الله أكبر
Allahu Akbar
("God is Great")
Location of Libya
CapitalTripoli (1977–2011)
Sirte (2011)[1]
32°52′N 13°11′E / 32.867°N 13.183°E / 32.867; 13.183
Largest cityTripoli
Official languagesArabic[b]
Spoken languages
Minority Languages
Ethnic groups
Religion
Islam
GovernmentUnitary Islamic socialist Jamahiriya
Brotherly Leader and Guide of the Revolution 
• 1977–2011
Muammar al-Gaddafi
Secretary-General of the General People's Committee 
• 1977–1979 (first)
Abdul Ati al-Obeidi
• 2006–2011 (last)
Baghdadi Mahmudi
LegislatureGeneral People's Congress
Historical eraCold War · War on Terror · Arab Spring
2 March 1977
15 February 2011
28 August 2011
20 October 2011
Area
• Total
1,759,541 km2 (679,363 sq mi) (16th)
Population
• 2010
6,355,100
GDP (nominal)2007 estimate
• Total
Increase $58.3 billion
• Per capita
Increase $14,364 [3]
HDI (2009)Increase 0.847[4]
very high
CurrencyLibyan dinar (LYD)
Calling code218
ISO 3166 codeLY
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Libyan Arab Republic
Libya

In 1977 Libya became "Al-Jamahiriya al-`Arabiyah al-Libiyah ash-Sha`biyah al-Ishtirakiyah al-Uzma" . In English, the name means the "Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya".

References[change | change source]

  1. "Libya crisis: Col Gaddafi vows to fight a 'long war'". BBC News. 1 September 2020. Retrieved 20 October 2020.
  2. "L'Aménagement Linguistique dans le Monde - Libye". Archived from the original on 26 April 2009. Retrieved 28 February 2019.
  3. http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/reports/269/hdr_2009_en_complete.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  4. "Human Development Report 2009" (PDF). hdr.undp.org.