Lightning arrester

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The antenna is attached to A, and a pipe in the ground is attached to E. The television signal can go from A to B but not from B to C or from C to D. However, when the high voltage of lightning hits, it can easily go through the air from B to C and from C to D.

A lightning arrester is a device that is used to switch a lightning strike from something such as a television antenna to a metal rod about two meters long that is buried in the ground. If a lightning arrester is not used, then the lightning will go through the television set and burn it out.

A "lightning arrester" does not really "arrest" or stop lightning. It "diverts" or changes the way lightning goes so that it ends up going into the ground instead of going into a television set or other device that it could hurt.