Ligurian Republic

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Ligurian Republic
Repubblica Ligure
Repubbrica Ligure
Coat of arms of Liguria
Coat of arms
Continental Italy in 1799
Continental Italy in 1799
Devastated blazon because of the proclamation of the Ligurian Republic, 1797; Taggia, Italy
Devastated blazon because of the proclamation of the Ligurian Republic, 1797; Taggia, Italy
StatusSister republic of France
Common languagesItalian, Ligurian
GovernmentConstitutional republic
• 1797–1805
Girolamo Luigi Durazzo
LegislatureLegislative Council[1]
Council of Seniors
Council of Sixty
Historical eraNapoleonic Wars
14 June 1797
4 June 1805
CurrencyGenoan pound
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Republic of Genoa
First French Empire

The Ligurian Republic (Italian: Repubblica Ligure, Ligurian: Repubbrica Ligure) was a client republic (a puppet state) formed by Napoleon I of France on 14 June 1797, after his army occupied Italy. It consisted of the old Republic of Genoa which Napoleon abolished and which covered most of the Ligurian region of northwest Italy, and the small Imperial fiefs owned by the House of Savoy inside its territory. Its first constitution was passed on 22 December 1797, establishing a Directorial republic.

History[change | change source]

The directory was overthrown on 7 December 1799 and the executive Girolamo Luigi Durazzo was temporarily replaced by a commission.[2] In 1800 a Doge was nominated for 5 years. In 1802 he was nominated for life. The Doge had no real powers, because he and the state were controlled by Napoleon and his army. Despite the appearance as a constitutional republic with a constitution and a legislature, almost everything was decided by Napoleon, like in all the other French client states.[3]

The state was briefly occupied by the Austrian army in 1800, but Napoleon soon returned with his army. A new constitution was published in 1801, establishing institutions more similar to those of the previous Genoan Republic, with a Doge who was president of a senate. The Ligurian Republic used the traditional Genoese flag, a red cross on a white background.

In June 1805, the Ligurian Republic was annexed by the French to the French Empire.

After the fall of Napoleon in 1814, the republic was briefly restored between 28 April and 28 July. Following the Congress of Vienna it was awarded to the Kingdom of Sardinia and annexed on 3 January 1815.

References[change | change source]

  1. Woolf, Stuart (November 2002). Napoleon's Integration of Europe. ISBN 9781134944200.
  2. Journal de Bruxelles 90, page 718 and 719, 'De Gênes, le 16 Frimaire (7 décembre 1799)' (in French)
  3. Hearder, Harry (22 July 2014). Italy in the Age of the Risorgimento 1790 - 1870. ISBN 9781317872054.