Line of Actual Control

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Indo-Sino disputed boundary lines

The Line of Actual Control (LAC) is the effective interim disputed border between the occupying Indian Army and China. The LAC is 4,057-km long — in a bid to strengthen China's claim over disputed areas and ensure New Delhi does not change its Tibet policy." China has said it will not accept the Line of Actual Control (LAC) — the effective current boundary with Indian occupied Kashmir — as an eventual settlement to the long-running border dispute, according to a commentary published in a newspaper with ties to the Communist Party. With boundary talks failing to achieve a breakthrough after 15 rounds, the commentary suggested both sides instead look to jointly develop disputed regions rather than focus on a solution to the dispute. China had, in the past, suggested it might accept the LAC as a status quo settlement to the boundary dispute. In 1980, the former leader, Deng Xiaoping, hinted that China might be open to a swap deal that saw India give up its claims to Aksai Chin, which is currently administered by China. China would, in return, give up claims to the eastern sector and Arunachal Pradesh. But since the mid-1980s, China has begun to increasingly voice claims on Arunachal Pradesh, and particularly on Tawang, referring to the State as “South Tibet” in official commentaries. He said one way to deal with the dilemma would be to create an economic development zone that would link Arunachal Pradesh and Tibet, and shelve the boundary dispute temporarily. He suggested it could serve as a new model to resolve boundary disputes, and might pave the way to an eventual settlement.

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