Linux can be changed, so there are many versions and distributions of Linux, each containing different software or made for different purposes. A list of distributions can be found below:
Debian is a distribution that only accepts free software. It is supported on many hardware platforms.
64 Studio Attempts to specialize in audio and video production on AMD64 workstations.
AbulÉdu For education projects
Lithuanian and Latvian people
BeatrIX A distribution from the
DeMuDi For multimedia production
Dreamlinux A Brazilian Linux distribution based on
Morphix, Elive, Debian and Kanotix.
Router/Firewall and NAS/PDC
Elive A LiveCD intuitive and easy to use.
Feather Linux Like
Damn Small Linux, but not based on it. It can work with Debian packages. It is a light distribution.
Finnix A small system administration Live CD.
Gibraltar Router/firewall distribution.
gnuLinEx A distribution promoted by the government of
Kanotix An installable live CD for desktop usage using KDE,easy to use.
Knoppix The first Live CD (later DVD) version of Debian GNU/Linux.
Linspire Desktop-oriented distribution, previously called Lindows.
Longhorn Linux A Debian Based Distro made to look and feel like Windows Longhorn.
Maemo A version made for devies such as the
MEPIS An easy to install Linux Distribution.
MintPPC Fast and slick Linux for PowerPC computers.
NepaLinux A Debian and Morphix based distribution in Nepali language.
OpenZaurus Debian packages and ROM image for the
Sharp Zaurus PDA.
Parsix GNU/Linux Parsix is an installable live CD based on Kanotix and Debian sid.
PingOO French distribution helped by local communities,public organizations,schools etc.
Rxart Desktop-oriented distribution.
Satux Is a 100% Brazilian distribution.
Skolelinux A distribution from Norway,distributing for schools.
sidux Based on Debian, unstable.
Symphony OS Includes the
Mezzo desktop environment. Old versions were based on Knoppix.
The Linux Router Project Router distribution
Trisquel A Debian based distribution, created in
Galicia, Spain. It has support for old PCs, includes a 3D desktop with Compiz.
Tuquito Created in
Ubuntu A distribution sponsored by
Canonical Ltd as well as receiving big funding from South African Mark Shuttleworth.
UserLinux Commercial distribution that would have included GNOME. It was never published.
Xandros Open Circulation Edition based on
Xandros 3.0 Standard Edition.
Xebian For the
Xbox home gaming console.
Knoppix is itself based on Debian.
Ubuntu is based on Debian.
Edubuntu Official derivative; designed for use in classroom
Fluxbuntu Soft distribution using the
Fluxbox window manager
Freespire Distribution made especially for streaming media from the Internet.
gNewSense Free general purpose operating system, it is built with only
Gnoppix Offers the GNOME desktop environment on a Live CD.
Gobuntu Free general purpose operating system.
gOS Rocket Based on Ubuntu 7.10 and the Enlightenment window manager, and designed for a US$200
Guadalinex An Ubuntu-based distribution promoted by the local government of
Hiweed A distribution for the
Impi Linux A
South African based distribution for to be used in Africa.
Kubuntu Official derivative; uses the
KDE desktop environment.
LinuxMCE Distribution designed to allow a computer to act as a Home Theater PC.
Linux Mint Distribution focused on multimedia. Contains
Mythbuntu Designed to simplify the installation of
MythTV on a home theater PC.
nUbuntu Includes tools used for testing of servers and networks.
OpenGEU Combines the power and flexibility of Gnome with the look of Enlightenment.
Ubuntu Christian Edition A Christian edition of Ubuntu
Ubuntu Studio An official Ubuntu derivative designed for audio/video editing workstations.
Sabily A fully-themed distribution made for Muslims, comes with packages such as prayer-time reminder and Qur'an recitations.
Super OS includes support for more multimedia formats and aiming for an "out-of-the-box" experience
Xubuntu Official derivative; uses the
Xfce desktop environment.
Gentoo is a distribution designed to have highly optimized and frequently updated software.
Gentoox An adaptation of Gentoo for the
Knopperdisk A new distribution that can stay at USB sticks.
Kororaa A distribution easy to using and installing with a manual configuration.
Pentoo For testing Live CD distribution.
Sabayon Linux An Italian/European Linux distro based on Gentoo. However, it follows the "out of the box" philosophy, aiming to give the user a wide number of applications ready to use and a self-configured operating system.
SystemRescueCD System rescue Live CD version of Gentoo.
Ututo A distribution made in
VidaLinux A distribution which uses
Anaconda as its installer.
Red Hat Linux and SUSE Linux were the original major distributions that used the RPM file format, which is today used in several package management systems. Both of these later divided into commercial and community-supported distributions.
Aurora SPARC Linux A distribution that brings a modified Fedora to Sun's SPARC architecture
BLAG Linux and GNU A Free Software-based distribution designed for basic home use.
Fox Linux An Italian distribution designed for basic home use.
K12LTSP A distribution for educational purpose.
Linux XP Distribution that focuses for to be easy to use.
Yellow Dog Linux A Fedora-based distribution for the
PowerPC platform,is the official official supported Linux for the PlayStation 3.
Slackware is known as a highly customizable distribution,generally considered a distribution for expert users.
SLAX's distributions are known for be really good in
branch of quality.
SLAMPP Designed to be used on a home server.
Karamad, with Support from DPI (Data Processing of Iran), the first ranked company in Iran, is a live and installation Linux CD based on SLAX, with many more applications added to it. Karamad was created for Iranians, depicting elements of Iran's culture.
It was also introduced with Karamad, but it was for administrative application in public sector.
The following distributions either use another packaging system, do not use any, or are simply not categorized.
Arch Linux An
i686- and x86-64-optimized, independently developed distribution targeted at experienced users. Arch runs on a rolling release system and uses the pacman utility for package management. Extra software to customize the system is added via pacman from the Arch repositories.
Android For mobile devices such as
cell phones, smartphones and tablets
Chrome / Chromium OS For the
Google Chromebook and Chromebox.
corvix Corvix is a currently new emerging linux distribution, which provides a stable basis system (debian/etch or FreeBSD) and uses a portage (Gentoo) alike system to add custom bleeding edge software. It provides a complete framework for installing (under <4minute-install) and maintaining a high-performance cluster.
Coyote Linux Router/firewall distribution.
CRUX CRUX is a lightweight,
i686-optimized Linux distribution targeted at experienced Linux users. The primary focus of this distribution is " keep it simple", which is reflected in a simple tar.gz-based package system, BSD-style initscripts, and a relatively small collection of trimmed packages
DD-WRT Embedded firewall distribution.
DeLi Linux A desktop based mini distribution with office suite, web browser and other graphical programs to run on a
486. Built from scratch with some influences from Slackware and CRUX.
Devil-Linux firewall/router/server distribution running from CD.
DSLinux Version of Linux designed for the
Live CD geared toward multimedia (audio and video) production, but comes with other non-media specific application (e.g.: word processor, desktop publisher). It is completely free software as defined by the Free Software Foundation.
Familiar Linux Distribution for iPAQ handhelds.
Fli4l a single floppy ISDN, DSL and Ethernet-Router.
Foresight Linux A distribution built around the
Conary package manager.
FREESCO A free replacement for proprietary routers supporting up to 10 network cards and up to 10 modems.
Fedora A free workstation for home or company workers.
Live CD media center distribution, mainly to play special-encoded video files (e.g.: .ogg, XVID) on home theater.
GoboLinux An alternative Linux distribution which redefines the entire
file system hierarchy by installing everything belonging to one application in one folder under /Programs, and using symlinks from /System and its subfolders to point to the proper files.
Hikarunix A distro solely for studying and playing the game of
IPCop Router/firewall distribution.
iPodLinux Embedded Linux firmware for the Apple iPod based on the
Jlime Distribution for the
HP Jornada 6xx and 7xx and NEC MobilePro 900(c) handhelds.
Lunar Linux A source code-based distribution descended from
Lycoris Desktop/LX: Fell down to one employee and then acquired by Mandriva.
MCC Interim Linux MCC Interim Linux, possibly the first Linux distribution. Created by the Manchester Computing Centre in February of 1992.
MkLinux A distribution for
PowerPC systems that runs the Linux kernel as a server on top of the Mach microkernel.
Montavista for smartphones.
MontaVista Linux Embedded systems distro by
NASLite a floppy-based Linux designed to turn an old computer into a simple Network Attached Storage device.
NimbleX A modular distribution intended for non-experienced users. It runs from the CD/USB.
Nitix Developed by Net Integration Technologies Inc., Nitix claims to be the first
autonomic Linux-based server operating system.
OpenWrt Embedded firewall distribution.
Pardus Developed in
Turkey. It uses PISI as package manager, COMAR as configuration framework.
Sony Computer Entertainment distribution released officially for the PlayStation 2 video game console.
Puppy Linux A mini distribution which runs well under low-end PCs - even under 32 MB RAM. Includes
Slackware 12 support (since version 3).
Rocks Cluster Distribution A distribution for building a
High-performance computing computer cluster.
A general purpose distribution for advanced users focusing on stability, flexibility and speed.
rPath A distribution built around the
Conary package manager.
Sentry Firewall A firewall, server or
intrusion detection system distribution.
SliTaz GNU/Linux A small desktop distro. The
ISO is 25 MB; runs entirely in RAM.
SmoothWall Router/firewall distribution.
Softlanding Linux System One of the earliest distributions, developed from 1992-1994;
Slackware was originally based on it.
Sorcerer A source code-based distribution.
Source Mage GNU/Linux A source code-based distribution, descended from
Tinfoil Hat Linux Bootable floppy distribution focusing on extreme security
tomsrtbt Root boot disk.
Tuga Commercial desktop distribution made in Italy, based on QiLinux.
Yggdrasil Linux/GNU/X One of the oldest Linux distributions, not updated since 1995.