List of U.S. states by date of admission to the Union

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Below is a list of all 50 states in the order they joined the Union.

The first 13 became states in July 1776 when they agreed to the United States Declaration of Independence. Each of those 13 agreed to the first U.S. constitution, called the Articles of Confederation, which formed the first Union of states between 1777 and 1781.[1] These states are presented in the order each ratified the 1787 Constitution, thus joining the present federal Union of states. The date of admission listed for other states is the official date made by Act of Congress.

List of U.S. states and their order to statehood.[change | change source]

State Date
(admitted or ratified)
Formed from
1  Delaware December 7, 1787 (ratified) Crown Colony of Delaware[a]
2  Pennsylvania December 12, 1787[3]
(ratified)
Crown Colony of Pennsylvania
3  New Jersey December 18, 1787[4]
(ratified)
Crown Colony of New Jersey
4  Georgia January 2, 1788[5]
(ratified)
Crown Colony of Georgia
5  Connecticut January 9, 1788[6]
(ratified)
Crown Colony of Connecticut
6  Massachusetts February 6, 1788[5]
(ratified)
Crown Colony of Massachusetts Bay
7  Maryland April 28, 1788[5]
(ratified)
Crown Colony of Maryland
8  South Carolina May 23, 1788[5]
(ratified)
Crown Colony of South Carolina
9  New Hampshire June 21, 1788[5]
(ratified)
Crown Colony of New Hampshire
10  Virginia June 25, 1788[5]
(ratified)
Crown Colony of Virginia
11  New York July 26, 1788[7]
(ratified)
Crown Colony of New York
12  North Carolina November 21, 1789[8]
(ratified)
Crown Colony of North Carolina
13  Rhode Island May 29, 1790[5]
(ratified)
Crown Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations
14  Vermont March 4, 1791[9]
(admitted)
Vermont Republic[b]
15  Kentucky June 1, 1792[10]
(admitted)
Virginia (District of Kentucky: Fayette, Jefferson, and Lincoln counties[c])
16  Tennessee June 1, 1796[12]
(admitted)
Southwest Territory
17  Ohio March 1, 1803[13][d]
(admitted)
Northwest Territory (part)
18  Louisiana April 30, 1812[15]
(admitted)
Territory of Orleans
19  Indiana December 11, 1816
(admitted)
Indiana Territory
20  Mississippi December 10, 1817[16]
(admitted)
Mississippi Territory
21  Illinois December 3, 1818[17]
(admitted)
Illinois Territory (part)
22  Alabama December 14, 1819[18]
(admitted)
Alabama Territory
23  Maine March 15, 1820[19]
(admitted)
Massachusetts (District of Maine[e])
24  Missouri August 10, 1821[20]
(admitted)
Missouri Territory (part)
25  Arkansas June 15, 1836[21]
(admitted)
Arkansas Territory
26  Michigan January 26, 1837[22]
(admitted)
Michigan Territory
27  Florida March 3, 1845
(admitted)
Florida Territory
28  Texas December 29, 1845
(admitted)
Republic of Texas
29  Iowa December 28, 1846
(admitted)
Iowa Territory (part)
30  Wisconsin May 29, 1848[23]
(admitted)
Wisconsin Territory (part)
31  California September 9, 1850[24]
(admitted)
unorganized territory (part)
32  Minnesota May 11, 1858[25]
(admitted)
Minnesota Territory (part)
33  Oregon February 14, 1859
(admitted)
Oregon Territory (part)
34  Kansas January 29, 1861[26]
(admitted)
Kansas Territory (part)
35  West Virginia June 20, 1863[27]
(admitted)
Virginia (Trans-Allegheny region counties[f])
36  Nevada October 31, 1864
(admitted)
Nevada Territory
37  Nebraska March 1, 1867
(admitted)
Nebraska Territory
38  Colorado August 1, 1876[30]
(admitted)
Colorado Territory
39[g]  North Dakota November 2, 1889[32][h]
(admitted)
Dakota Territory (part)
40  South Dakota November 2, 1889[32][h]
(admitted)
Dakota Territory (part)
41  Montana November 8, 1889[33]
(admitted)
Montana Territory
42  Washington November 11, 1889[34]
(admitted)
Washington Territory
43  Idaho July 3, 1890
(admitted)
Idaho Territory
44  Wyoming July 10, 1890
(admitted)
Wyoming Territory
45  Utah January 4, 1896[35]
(admitted)
Utah Territory
46  Oklahoma November 16, 1907[36]
(admitted)
Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory
47  New Mexico January 6, 1912
(admitted)
New Mexico Territory
48  Arizona February 14, 1912
(admitted)
Arizona Territory
49  Alaska January 3, 1959
(admitted)
Territory of Alaska
50  Hawaii August 21, 1959
(admitted)
Territory of Hawaii

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Also known as the "Three Lower Counties Upon Delaware." Delaware became a state on June 15, 1776, when the Delaware Assembly formally adopted a resolution declaring an end to Delaware's status as a colony of Great Britain and establishing the three counties as an independent state under the authority of "the Government of the Counties of New Castle, Kent and Sussex Upon Delaware." [2]
  2. Between 1749 and 1764 the provincial governor of New Hampshire, Benning Wentworth, issued approximately 135 grants for unoccupied land claimed by New Hampshire west of the Connecticut River (in what is today southern Vermont), territory that was also claimed by New York. The resulting "New Hampshire Grants" dispute led to the rise of the Green Mountain Boys, and the later establishment of the Vermont Republic. New Hampshire's claim upon the land was extinguished in 1764 by royal order of George III, and in 1790 the State of New York ceded its land claim to Vermont for 30,000 Dollars.
  3. The Virginia General Assembly adopted legislation on December 18, 1789 separating its "District of Kentucky" from the rest of the State and approving its statehood.[11]
  4. The exact date upon which Ohio became a state is unclear. On April 30, 1802 the 7th Congress had passed an act "authorizing the inhabitants of Ohio to form a Constitution and state government, and admission of Ohio into the Union." (Sess. 1, ch. 40, 2 Stat. 173) On February 19, 1803 the same Congress passed an act "providing for the execution of the laws of the United States in the State of Ohio." (Sess. 2, ch. 7, 2 Stat. 201) Neither act, however, set a formal date of statehood. An official statehood date for Ohio was not set until 1953, when the 83rd Congress passed a Joint resolution "for admitting the State of Ohio into the Union", (Pub.L. 83-204, 67 Stat. 407, enacted August 7, 1953) which designated March 1, 1803, as that date.[14]
  5. The Massachusetts General Court passed enabling legislation on June 19, 1819 separating the "District of Maine" from the rest of the State (an action approved by the voters in Maine on July 19, 1819 by 17,001 to 7,132); then, on February 25, 1820, passed a follow-up measure officially accepting the fact of Maine's imminent statehood.[11]
  6. On May 13, 1862, the General Assembly of the Restored Government of Virginia passed an act granting permission for creation of West Virginia.[28] Later, by its ruling in Virginia v. West Virginia (1871), the Supreme Court implicitly affirmed that the breakaway Virginia counties did have the proper consents necessary to become a separate state.[29]
  7. When President Benjamin Harrison signed the statehood proclamations for North and South Dakota he shuffled the papers on his desk and covered up all but the signature line of the documents. No one knows which state he signed into existence first. North Dakota's proclamation was published first in the Statutes at Large, as it is first in alphabetical order.[31]
  8. 8.0 8.1 Brought into existence within moments of each other on the same day, North and South Dakota are the nation's only twin-born states.

References[change | change source]

  1. Jensen, Merrill (1959). The Articles of Confederation: An Interpretation of the Social-Constitutional History of the American Revolution, 1774–1781. University of Wisconsin Press. pp. xi, 184. ISBN 978-0-299-00204-6.
  2. "Delaware Government". Delaware.gov. Government Information Center, Delaware Department of State.
  3. "Overview of Pennsylvania History - 1776-1861: Independence to the Civil War". PA.gov. Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission.
  4. "1787 Convention Minutes". NJ.gov. New Jersey Department of State.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 Vile, John R. (2005). The Constitutional Convention of 1787: A Comprehensive Encyclopedia of America's Founding (Volume 1: A-M). ABC-CLIO. p. 658. ISBN 1-85109-669-8.
  6. "Today in History: January 9". loc.gov. Library of Congress.
  7. "Today in History: July 26". loc.gov. Library of Congress.
  8. "Today in History: November 21". loc.gov. Library of Congress.
  9. "The 14th State". Vermont History Explorer. Vermont Historical Society.
  10. "Constitution Square Historic Site". Danville/Boyle County Convention and Visitors Bureau.
  11. 11.0 11.1 "Official Name and Status History of the several States and U.S. Territories". TheGreenPapers.com.
  12. "State History Timeline". TN.gov. Tennessee Department of State. Archived from the original on April 10, 2016.
  13. Blue, Frederick J. (Autumn 2002). "The Date of Ohio Statehood". Ohio Academy of History Newsletter. Archived from the original on September 11, 2010. https://web.archive.org/web/20100911164131/http://www2.uakron.edu/OAH/newsletter/newsletter/Autumn2002/features.html. 
  14. Clearing up the Confusion surrounding Ohio's Admission to Statehood
  15. "About Louisiana: quick facts". louisiana.gov. Retrieved June 15, 2016.
  16. "Welcome from the Mississippi Bicentennial Celebration Commission". Mississippi Bicentennial Celebration Commission. Retrieved February 16, 2017.
  17. "Today in History: December 3". loc.gov. Library of Congress.
  18. "Alabama History Timeline: 1800-1860". alabama.gov. Retrieved June 15, 2016.
  19. "Today in History: March 15". loc.gov. Library of Congress.
  20. "Today in History: August 10". loc.gov. Library of Congress.
  21. "Today in History: June 15". loc.gov. Library of Congress.
  22. "Today in History: January 26". loc.gov. Library of Congress.
  23. "Today in History: May 29". loc.gov. Library of Congress.
  24. "California Admission Day September 9, 1850". CA.gov. California Department of Parks and Recreation.
  25. "Today in History: May 11". loc.gov. Library of Congress.
  26. "Today in History: January 29". loc.gov. Library of Congress.
  27. "Today in History: June 20". loc.gov. Library of Congress.
  28. "A State of Convenience: The Creation of West Virginia, Chapter Twelve, Reorganized Government of Virginia Approves Separation". Wvculture.org. West Virginia Division of Culture and History.
  29. "Virginia v. West Virginia 78 U.S. 39 (1870)". Justia.com.
  30. "Today in History: August 1". loc.gov. Library of Congress.
  31. MacPherson, James; Burbach, Kevin (November 2, 2014). "At 125 years of Dakotas statehood, rivalry remains". Bismarck Tribune.
  32. 32.0 32.1 "Today in History: November 2". loc.gov. Library of Congress.
  33. Wishart, David J. (ed.). "Montana". Encyclopedia of the Great Plains. University of Nebraska–Lincoln. Retrieved February 15, 2017.
  34. "Today in History: November 11". loc.gov. Library of Congress.
  35. Thatcher, Linda Thatcher (2016). "Struggle For Statehood Chronology". historytogo.utah.gov. State of Utah.
  36. "Today in History: November 16". loc.gov. Library of Congress.