This article is about a World Heritage Site

List of World Heritage Sites in China

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The List of World Heritage Sites in China is a group of places chosen by UNESCO, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.

History[change | change source]

UNESCO was created for the "conservation and protection of the world’s inheritance of books, works of art and monuments of history and science". The constitution of UNESCO was ratified in 1946 by 26 countries.[1]

China agreed to take part in the World Heritage Convention in 1985.[2]

Map[change | change source]

Following is a map of the World Heritage Sites in China.

Numbered sites around Beijing: 1. Great Wall; 2. Forbidden City; 3. Zhoukoudian; 4. Summer Palace; 5. Temple of Heaven; 6. Ming Dynasty Tombs; 7. Eastern Qing Tombs; 8. Western Qing Tombs

Legend: Red pog.svg Cultural Heritage site; Green pog.svg Natural Heritage site; Yellow pog.svg Mixed site

List[change | change source]

The World Heritage Site (WHS)[3] list has developed over time. It is part of a process; and the list continues to grow.

There are 43 WHS places in China.[4]

* = World Cultural Heritage Site
† = World Natural Heritage Site
*† = World Cultural and Natural Heritage Site (Mixed)
Site Image Location Year listed UNESCO data Description
Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties, including the Forbidden City and Mukden Palace* Hall of Supreme Harmony, Forbidden City, Beijing, with tourists 2.jpg Beijing (Forbidden City) and Shenyang, Liaoning (Mukden Palace) 1987, 2004 I, II, III, IV 439
Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor * Terracotta Army Pit 1 - 2.jpg Xi'an, Shaanxi 1987 I, III, IV, VI 441
Mogao Caves * Jiucenglou of Mogao Caves.jpg Dunhuang, Gansu 1987 I, II, III, IV, V, VI 440
Mount Tai *† 泰山 南天门.jpg Tai'an, Shandong 1987 I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII 437
Peking Man Site at Zhoukoudian * Zhoukoudian Entrance.JPG Beijing 1987 III, VI 449
The Great Wall* 20090529 Great Wall 8185.jpg Northern China 1987 I, II, III, IV, VI 438
Mount Huangshan *† Huangshan-瀑布云 20141109.JPG Huangshan City, Anhui 1990 II, VII, X 547
Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area 1 huanglong 2011.jpg Songpan County, Sichuan 1992 VII 638
Jiuzhaigou Valley Scenic and Historic Interest Area † 1 jiuzhaigou valley wu hua hai 2011b.jpg Jiuzhaigou County, Sichuan 1992 VII 637
Wulingyuan Scenic and Historic Interest Area † 1 tianzishan wulingyuan zhangjiajie 2012.jpg Zhangjiajie, Hunan 1992 VII 640
Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, including the Jokhang Temple and Norbulingka * SG105186.jpg Lhasa, Tibet 1994, 2000, 2001 I, IV, VI 707
Ancient Building Complex in the Wudang Mountains * 紫霄宮.JPG Hubei 1994 I, II, VI 705
Chengde Mountain Resort and its Outlying Temples in Chengde * Putuo Zongcheng Temple.jpg Chengde, Hebei 1994 II, IV 703
Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion in Qufu * Kong Miao - Dacheng Dian - P1050686.JPG Qufu, Shandong 1994 I, IV, VI 704
Mount Emei Scenic Area, including Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area *† Leshan Buddha Statue View.JPG Emeishan City (Mt. Emei) and Leshan (Giant Buddha), Sichuan 1996 IV, VI, X 779
Lushan National Park * Mount Lushan - fog.JPG Lushan District, Jiangxi 1996 II, III, IV, VI 778
Ancient City of Pingyao * Pingyao-muralla-c01-f.jpg Pingyao County, Shanxi 1997 II, III, IV 812
Classical Gardens of Suzhou * Wangshiyuan.jpg Suzhou, Jiangsu 1997, 2000 I, II, III, IV, V 813
Old Town of Lijiang * Roofs of old town Lijiang.jpg Lijiang, Yunnan 1997 II, IV, V 811
Summer Palace * Residence dete828.JPG Beijing 1998 I, II, III 880
Temple of Heaven * Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest.JPG Beijing 1998 I, II, III 881
Dazu Rock Carvings * Dazu.jpg Dazu District, Chongqing 1999 I, II, III 912
Mount Wuyi *† Peak Yunu.jpg Fujian, Jiangxi 1999 III, VI, VII, X 911
Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun * Hongcun village in China.jpg Yi County, Anhui 2000 III, IV, V 1002
Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties, including the Ming tombs and the Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum * Noel 2005 Pékin tombeaux Ming voie des âmes.jpg Beijing and Nanjing, Jiangsu 2000, 2003, 2004 III, IV, V 1004
Longmen Grottoes * DragonGateCave2.jpg Luoyang, Henan 2000 I, II, III 1003
Mount Qingcheng and the Dujiangyan Irrigation System * Dujiang Weir.jpg Dujiangyan City, Sichuan 2000 II, IV, VI 1001
Yungang Grottoes * Datong Yungang Shiku 2013.08.29 15-20-17.jpg Datong, Shanxi 2001 I, II, III, IV 1039
Three Parallel Rivers of Yunnan Protected Areas DSCN1728.JPG Yunnan 2003 VII, VIII, IX, X 1083
Capital Cities and Tombs of the Ancient Koguryo Kingdom * Kevsunblush2.JPG Ji'an, Jilin 2004 I, II, III, IV, V 1135
Historic Centre of Macau * Ruinas de Sao Paulo.jpg Macau 2005 II, III, IV, VI 1110
Yinxu * Yinxu.jpg Anyang, Henan 2006 II, III, IV, VI 1114
Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries Chengdu-pandas-d10.jpg Sichuan 2006 X 1213
Kaiping Diaolou and Villages * Rui Shi Lou.jpg Kaiping, Guangdong 2007 II, III, IV 1112
South China Karst Guilin lijiang.jpg Yunnan, Guizhou , Chongqing and Guangxi 2007, 2014 VII, VIII 1248
Fujian Tulou * Snail pit tulou.jpg Fujian 2008 III, IV, V 1113
Sanqingshan Sanqingshan1522.jpg Yushan County, Jiangxi 2008 VII 1292
Mount Wutai * 五台山-白塔.JPG Wutai County, Shanxi 2009 II, III, IV, VI 1279
Historic Monuments of Dengfeng in “The Centre of Heaven and Earth” * Shaolinsi.JPG Dengfeng, Henan 2010 III, VI 1305
China Danxia Danxia 0816.JPG Hunan, Guangdong, Fujian, Jiangxi, Zhejiang, and Guizhou 2010 VII, VIII, IX, X 1335
West Lake Cultural Landscape of Hangzhou * Three Ponds Mirroring the Moon With Leifeng Pagoda.jpg Hangzhou, Zhejiang 2011 II, III, VI 1334
Site of Xanadu * Zhenglan Banner, Xilingol League, Inner Mongolia 2012 II, III, IV, VI 1389
Chengjiang Fossil Site Maotianshania-cylindrica.jpg Chengjiang County, Yunnan 2012 VIII 1388
Xinjiang Tianshan Central Tian Shan mountains.jpg Xinjiang 2013 VII, IX 1414
Cultural Landscape of Honghe Hani Rice Terraces * Terrace field yunnan china edit.jpg Yuanyang County, Yunnan 2013 III, V 1111
Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang'an-Tianshan Corridor * Dayanta Gisela-Brantl 01.JPG Luoyang, Lingbao of Henan; Xi'an, Bin County and Chenggu of Shaanxi; Tianshui, Yongjing, Dunhuang and Anxi of Gansu; Turpan, Jimsar and Kuqa of Xinjiang 2014 II, III, IV, VI 1442
Grand Canal * Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shandong, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui and Henan 2014 I, III, IV, VI 1443
Tusi Sites * Piaoqijiangjun Shiyu Longyantun Yanjinbei.png Hunan, Hubei and Guizhou 2015 II, III 1474
Zuojiang Huashan Rock Art Cultural Landscape * Rock painting hua mountain 1.jpg Guangxi 2016 III, VI 1508
Hubei Shennongjia VM 5331 Muyu town north.jpg Hubei 2016 IX, X 1509
Qinghai Hoh Xil Hoh Xil.jpg Qinghai 2017 VII, X 1540
Kulangsu: a Historic International Settlement * Gulangyu.jpg Xiamen, Fujian 2017 II, IV 1541
Fanjingshan 梵淨山紅雲金頂(新金頂).jpg Tongren, Guizhou 2018 X 1559
Archaeological Ruins of Liangzhu City * Liangzhu Ancient City Site, 2016-06-18 02.jpg Hangzhou and Deqing County, Zhejiang 2019 III, IV 1592
Migratory Bird Sanctuaries along the Coast of Yellow Sea-Bohai Gulf of China (Phase I) † Yancheng, Jiangsu 2019 X 1606

Tentative list[change | change source]

The Tentative List consists of sites which have been nominated. The evaluation process is not yet completed..[5]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. UNESCO, "Constitution"; retrieved 2012-7-18.
  2. UNESCO, "States Parties: Ratification Status"; retrieved 2012-7-18.
  3. WHS is an acronym. WHS stands for "World Heritage Site".
  4. UNESCO, "China"; retrieved 2012-7-18.
  5. Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "UNESCO World Heritage Centre - Tentative Lists". Retrieved 2017-06-16.

Other websites[change | change source]