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List of World Heritage Sites in China

This article is about a World Heritage Site
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The List of World Heritage Sites in China is a group of places chosen by UNESCO, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.

History[change | change source]

UNESCO was created for the "conservation and protection of the world’s inheritance of books, works of art and monuments of history and science". The constitution of UNESCO was ratified in 1946 by 26 countries.[1]

China agreed to take part in the World Heritage Convention in 1985.[2]

Map[change | change source]

Following is a map of the World Heritage Sites in China.

Numbered sites around Beijing: 1. Great Wall; 2. Forbidden City; 3. Zhoukoudian; 4. Summer Palace; 5. Temple of Heaven; 6. Ming Dynasty Tombs; 7. Eastern Qing Tombs; 8. Western Qing Tombs

Legend: Cultural Heritage site; Natural Heritage site; Mixed site

List[change | change source]

The World Heritage Site (WHS)[3] list has developed over time. It is part of a process; and the list continues to grow.

There are 43 WHS places in China.[4]

* = World Cultural Heritage Site
† = World Natural Heritage Site
*† = World Cultural and Natural Heritage Site (Mixed)
Site Image Location Year listed UNESCO data Description
Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties, including the Forbidden City and Mukden Palace* Beijing (Forbidden City) and Shenyang, Liaoning (Mukden Palace) 1987, 2004 I, II, III, IV 439
Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor * Xi'an, Shaanxi 1987 I, III, IV, VI 441
Mogao Caves * Dunhuang, Gansu 1987 I, II, III, IV, V, VI 440
Mount Tai *† Tai'an, Shandong 1987 I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII 437
Peking Man Site at Zhoukoudian * Beijing 1987 III, VI 449
The Great Wall* Northern China 1987 I, II, III, IV, VI 438
Mount Huangshan *† Huangshan City, Anhui 1990 II, VII, X 547
Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area Songpan County, Sichuan 1992 VII 638
Jiuzhaigou Valley Scenic and Historic Interest Area † Jiuzhaigou County, Sichuan 1992 VII 637
Wulingyuan Scenic and Historic Interest Area † Zhangjiajie, Hunan 1992 VII 640
Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, including the Jokhang Temple and Norbulingka * Lhasa, Tibet 1994, 2000, 2001 I, IV, VI 707
Ancient Building Complex in the Wudang Mountains * Hubei 1994 I, II, VI 705
Chengde Mountain Resort and its Outlying Temples in Chengde * Chengde, Hebei 1994 II, IV 703
Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion in Qufu * Qufu, Shandong 1994 I, IV, VI 704
Mount Emei Scenic Area, including Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area *† Emeishan City (Mt. Emei) and Leshan (Giant Buddha), Sichuan 1996 IV, VI, X 779
Lushan National Park * Lushan District, Jiangxi 1996 II, III, IV, VI 778
Ancient City of Pingyao * Pingyao County, Shanxi 1997 II, III, IV 812
Classical Gardens of Suzhou * Suzhou, Jiangsu 1997, 2000 I, II, III, IV, V 813
Old Town of Lijiang * Lijiang, Yunnan 1997 II, IV, V 811
Summer Palace * Beijing 1998 I, II, III 880
Temple of Heaven * Beijing 1998 I, II, III 881
Dazu Rock Carvings * Dazu District, Chongqing 1999 I, II, III 912
Mount Wuyi *† Fujian, Jiangxi 1999 III, VI, VII, X 911
Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun * Yi County, Anhui 2000 III, IV, V 1002
Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties, including the Ming tombs and the Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum * Beijing and Nanjing, Jiangsu 2000, 2003, 2004 III, IV, V 1004
Longmen Grottoes * Luoyang, Henan 2000 I, II, III 1003
Mount Qingcheng and the Dujiangyan Irrigation System * Dujiangyan City, Sichuan 2000 II, IV, VI 1001
Yungang Grottoes * Datong, Shanxi 2001 I, II, III, IV 1039
Three Parallel Rivers of Yunnan Protected Areas Yunnan 2003 VII, VIII, IX, X 1083
Capital Cities and Tombs of the Ancient Koguryo Kingdom * Ji'an, Jilin 2004 I, II, III, IV, V 1135
Historic Centre of Macau * Macau 2005 II, III, IV, VI 1110
Yinxu * Anyang, Henan 2006 II, III, IV, VI 1114
Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries Sichuan 2006 X 1213
Kaiping Diaolou and Villages * Kaiping, Guangdong 2007 II, III, IV 1112
South China Karst Yunnan, Guizhou , Chongqing and Guangxi 2007, 2014 VII, VIII 1248
Fujian Tulou * Fujian 2008 III, IV, V 1113
Sanqingshan Yushan County, Jiangxi 2008 VII 1292
Mount Wutai * Wutai County, Shanxi 2009 II, III, IV, VI 1279
Historic Monuments of Dengfeng in “The Centre of Heaven and Earth” * Dengfeng, Henan 2010 III, VI 1305
China Danxia Hunan, Guangdong, Fujian, Jiangxi, Zhejiang, and Guizhou 2010 VII, VIII, IX, X 1335
West Lake Cultural Landscape of Hangzhou * Hangzhou, Zhejiang 2011 II, III, VI 1334
Site of Xanadu * Zhenglan Banner, Xilingol League, Inner Mongolia 2012 II, III, IV, VI 1389
Chengjiang Fossil Site Chengjiang County, Yunnan 2012 VIII 1388
Xinjiang Tianshan Xinjiang 2013 VII, IX 1414
Cultural Landscape of Honghe Hani Rice Terraces * Yuanyang County, Yunnan 2013 III, V 1111
Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang'an-Tianshan Corridor * Luoyang, Lingbao of Henan; Xi'an, Bin County and Chenggu of Shaanxi; Tianshui, Yongjing, Dunhuang and Anxi of Gansu; Turpan, Jimsar and Kuqa of Xinjiang 2014 II, III, IV, VI 1442
Grand Canal * Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shandong, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui and Henan 2014 I, III, IV, VI 1443
Tusi Sites * Hunan, Hubei and Guizhou 2015 II, III 1474
Zuojiang Huashan Rock Art Cultural Landscape * Guangxi 2016 III, VI 1508
Hubei Shennongjia Hubei 2016 IX, X 1509
Qinghai Hoh Xil Qinghai 2017 VII, X 1540
Kulangsu: a Historic International Settlement * Xiamen, Fujian 2017 II, IV 1541
Fanjingshan Tongren, Guizhou 2018 X 1559
Archaeological Ruins of Liangzhu City * Hangzhou and Deqing County, Zhejiang 2019 III, IV 1592
Migratory Bird Sanctuaries along the Coast of Yellow Sea-Bohai Gulf of China (Phase I) † Yancheng, Jiangsu 2019 X 1606

Tentative list[change | change source]

The Tentative List consists of sites which have been nominated. The evaluation process is not yet completed..[5]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. UNESCO, "Constitution"; retrieved 2012-7-18.
  2. UNESCO, "States Parties: Ratification Status"; retrieved 2012-7-18.
  3. WHS is an acronym. WHS stands for "World Heritage Site".
  4. UNESCO, "China"; retrieved 2012-7-18.
  5. Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "UNESCO World Heritage Centre - Tentative Lists". whc.unesco.org. Retrieved 2017-06-16.

Other websites[change | change source]