List of boroughs and census areas in Alaska

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Map of Alaskan boroughs and census areas

The U.S. state of Alaska is not divided into counties, like the other 48 states (Louisiana has parishes), but instead is divided into boroughs. Many of the more densely populated parts of the state are in Alaska's eighteen organized boroughs, which are somewhat similar to counties in other states. Unlike in the other states, the organized boroughs do not completely cover all of the land in the state. The areas that are not part of any organized borough are called the unorganized borough.

For the 1970 census, the US and state divided the unorganized borough into 11 census areas. Each is roughly the same as an election district. However, these areas are solely for statistical analysis and presentation, and have no government of their own. Boroughs and census areas are both treated as county-level equivalents by the Census Bureau.

Some areas in the unorganized borough receive limited public services directly from the Alaska state government, usually law enforcement from the Alaska State Troopers and educational funding.

Six consolidated city-county governments exist — the City and Borough of Juneau, City and Borough of Haines, Sitka City and Borough, Yakutat City and Borough, Wrangell City and Borough, and the state's largest city, Anchorage. Though its legal name is the Municipality of Anchorage, it is considered a consolidated city-borough under state law.

The Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 55-2,3,4 codes, used by the United States Census Bureau to uniquely identify states and counties, is provided with each entry.[1] Alaska's code is 02, which when combined with any county code would be written as 02XXX. The FIPS code for each county links to census data for that county.

List of boroughs[change | change source]

FIPS code[2] Borough seat[3] Class
Established[3] Origin Meaning of name Population[3] Area[3] Map
Aleutians East Borough 013 Sand Point Second 1987 - Its location in the east Aleutian Islands, which are themselves of uncertain linguistic origin; possibly derived from Chukchi word aliat ("island") 2,744 6,988 sq mi
(18,099 km2)
State map highlighting Aleutians East Borough

Anchorage 020 (Consolidated
Unified Home Rule 1975 - Derived from the presence of a safe place to anchor and unload supplies for construction of the Alaska Railroad circa 1913, thereby creating a community. 260,283 1,697 sq mi
(4,395 km2)
State map highlighting Anchorage

Bristol Bay Borough 060 Naknek Second 1962 - Named in 1778 by Capt. James Cook for George Digby, 2nd Earl of Bristol. 1,258 505 sq mi
(1,308 km2)
State map highlighting Bristol Bay Borough

Denali Borough 068 Healy Home Rule 1990 - From Denali, the tallest North American mountain, which means "great one" in the Dena'ina language 1,893 12,750 sq mi
(33,022 km2)
State map highlighting Denali Borough

Fairbanks North Star Borough 090 Fairbanks Second 1964 - Named for its borough seat of Fairbanks, named in turn for Charles Fairbanks (1852 - 1918), U.S. Senator from Indiana and vice president under Theodore Roosevelt, and for Polaris, the North Star 82,840 7,366 sq mi
(19,078 km2)
State map highlighting Fairbanks North Star Borough

Haines Borough 100 (Consolidated
Home Rule 1968
(Consolidated 2002)
- After Haines, which was itself named for Mrs F.E. Haines, the key fundraiser for the construction of a Presbyterian mission in the town. 2,392 2,344 sq mi
(6,071 km2)
State map highlighting Haines Borough
Juneau 110 (Consolidated
Unified Home Rule 1970 The City of Juneau merged with the City of Douglas and the surrounding borough to form the municipality Joseph "Joe" Juneau, prospector and co-founder of the city. 30,711 2,716 sq mi
(7,034 km2)
State map highlighting Juneau

Kenai Peninsula Borough 122 Soldotna Second 1964 - The Kenai Peninsula, whose named may be derived from Kenayskaya, the Russian name for Cook Inlet. 49,691 16,013 sq mi
(41,473 km2)
State map highlighting Kenai Peninsula Borough

Ketchikan Gateway Borough 130 Ketchikan Second 1963 - The borough seat of Ketchikan and the borough's gateway location on the Alaska-Canadian border. 14,077 4,840 sq mi
(12,536 km2)
State map highlighting Ketchikan Gateway Borough

Kodiak Island Borough 150 Kodiak Second 1963 - Named after Kodiak Island, which may itself be named for the Koniag people 13,913 6,560 sq mi
(16,990 km2)
State map highlighting Kodiak Island Borough

Lake and Peninsula Borough 164 King Salmon Home Rule 1989 - The borough's many large lakes, and the Alaska Peninsula 1,823 23,782 sq mi
(61,595 km2)
State map highlighting Lake and Peninsula Borough

Matanuska-Susitna Borough 170 Palmer Second 1964 - Named for the valley that the Matanuska and Susitna Rivers form. 59,322 24,682 sq mi
(63,926 km2)
State map highlighting Matanuska-Susitna Borough

North Slope Borough 185 Barrow Home Rule 1972 - The Alaska North Slope along the Brooks Range. 7,385 88,817 sq mi
(230,035 km2)
State map highlighting North Slope Borough

Northwest Arctic Borough 188 Kotzebue Home Rule 1986 In 1986, residents of Kotzebue and 10 other area villages voted to form the Northwest Arctic Borough (with boundaries coincident with those of NANA), to be economically based on taxing the Red Dog mine, then under development. Its geographic location and position above the Arctic Circle. 7,208 35,898 sq mi
(92,975 km2)
State map highlighting Northwest Arctic Borough

Petersburg Borough 195 Petersburg Home Rule 2013 Incorporated after voters approved borough formation in December 2012. Named for Norwegian immigrant Peter Buschmann, founder of the former city of Petersburg. 3,815 3,829 sq mi
(9,917 km2)
State map highlighting Petersburg Borough

Sitka 220 (Consolidated
Unified Home Rule 1971 - Derived from Tlingit word Shee At'iká, meaning "People on the outside of Shee (Baranof Island)." 8,835 2,874 sq mi
(7,444 km2)
State map highlighting Sitka

Skagway 230 - First 2007 - Derived from Tlingit word Shgagwèi, meaning "a windy place with white caps on the water." 862 452 sq mi
(1,171 km2)
State map highlighting Skagway

Unorganized Borough - - - 1961 The Borough Act of 1961 created The Unorganized Borough including all of Alaska not within a Unified, Home rule, First class or Second class borough. A legal entity in Alaska, covering those parts of Alaska not within an incorporated borough; it is administered by the state of Alaska.[8] 78,486 323,440 sq mi
(837,706 km2)
State map highlighting Unorganized Borough

Wrangell - (Consolidated
Unified Home Rule 2008 formerly part of Wrangell-Petersburg Census Area Ferdinand von Wrangel, Russian administrator of Alaska, 1840-49. 2,448 2,570 sq mi
(6,656 km2)
State map highlighting Wrangell

Yakutat City and Borough 282 (Consolidated
Home Rule 1992 - Yakutat Bay and the Yakutat Alaska Native people 808 7,650 sq mi
(19,813 km2)
State map highlighting Yakutat City and Borough

Census areas in the Unorganized Borough[change | change source]

Map of Alaska highlighting the Unorganized Borough

The Unorganized Borough is part of the U.S. state of Alaska not in any of its 18 organized boroughs. It is over half of Alaska's area, 970,500 km² (374,712 mi²), an area larger than any other US state. As of the 2000 census 13% of Alaskans (81,803 people) live here.

Unique among the United States, Alaska is not entirely subdivided into organized county equivalents. In 1970, the United States Census Bureau divided the unorganized borough into 12 census areas to facilitate census taking in the large unorganized area. With later changes due to the creation of new boroughs, there are now 11 such areas.

Census area
FIPS code[2] Largest town
(as of 2000)
Meaning of name Population[3] Area[3] Map
Aleutians West Census Area 016 Unalaska Location in the western Aleutian Islands. 5,465 4,397 sq mi
(11,388 km2)
State map highlighting Aleutians West Census Area
Bethel Census Area 050 Bethel City of Bethel, the largest settlement in the census area, which is itself named for the Biblical term Bethel ("house of God"). 16,006 40,633 sq mi
(105,239 km2)
State map highlighting Bethel Census Area
Chugach Census Area 063 Valdez The Chugach people, native to the area
(Part of Valdez–Cordova Census Area prior to January 2, 2019)[9][10]
6,734 9,530 sq mi
(24,683 km2)
State map highlighting Chugach Census Area
Copper River Census Area 066 Glennallen The Copper River
(Part of Valdez–Cordova Census Area prior to January 2, 2019) [9][10]
2,764 24,692 sq mi
(63,952 km2)
State map highlighting Copper River Census Area
Dillingham Census Area 070 Dillingham The city of Dillingham, the largest settlement in the area, which was itself named after United States Senator Paul Dillingham (1843-1923), who had toured Alaska extensively with his Senate subcommittee in 1903. 4,922 18,675 sq mi
(48,368 km2)
State map highlighting Dillingham Census Area
Hoonah–Angoon Census Area 105 Hoonah The cities of Hoonah and Angoon 2,574 7,444 sq mi
(19,280 km2)
State map highlighting Hoonah–Angoon Census Area
Kusilvak Census Area 158 Hooper Bay Kusilvak Mountains
(Known as Wade Hampton prior to 2015)
7,459 17,194 sq mi
(44,532 km2)
State map highlighting Kusilvak Census Area
Nome Census Area 180 Nome City of Nome, the largest settlement in the census area. 9,196 23,001 sq mi
(59,572 km2)
State map highlighting Nome Census Area
Prince of Wales-Hyder Census Area 201 Craig Prince of Wales Island and the town of Hyder
(Known as Prince of Wales-Outer Ketchikan prior to the expansion of Ketchikan Gateway Borough in 2008)
6,115 3,760 sq mi
(9,738 km2)
State map highlighting Prince of Wales-Hyder Census Area
Southeast Fairbanks Census Area 240 Deltana Its location, southeast of Fairbanks 6,174 24,814 sq mi
(64,268 km2)
State map highlighting Southeast Fairbanks Census Area
Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area 290 Galena Yukon River ("great river" in Gwich’in), which flows through the census area; and the city of Koyukuk 6,551 145,900 sq mi
(377,879 km2)
State map highlighting Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area

References[change | change source]

  1. "FIPS Publish 6-4". National Institute of Standards and Technology. Archived from the original on September 29, 2013. Retrieved April 11, 2007.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "EPA County FIPS Code Listing". Retrieved February 23, 2008.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 National Association of Counties. "NACo - Find a county". Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved April 30, 2008.
  4. "Home Rule Boroughs". Local Boundary Commission, Division of Community and Regional Affairs, Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development. Archived from - Home Rule/Borough/ the original (FTP) on May 26, 2020. Retrieved July 16, 2008. {{cite web}}: Check |url= value (help)
  5. Certificates/Boroughs "Municipal Certificates (of incorporation) - Boroughs" (FTP). Local Boundary Commission, Division of Community and Regional Affairs, Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development. Retrieved July 16, 2008. {{cite web}}: Check |url= value (help)[permanent dead link]
  6. "Alaska Taxable 2004 Municipal Taxation - Rates and Policies" (PDF). Division of Community and Regional Affairs, Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development. January 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 9, 2008. Retrieved July 16, 2008.
  7. "Background on Boroughs in Alaska" (PDF). Local Boundary Commission, Division of Community and Regional Affairs, Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development. November 2000. Retrieved July 16, 2008.
  8. "Governmental Unit Boundary Data Content Standard (Working Draft, Version 2.0)" (PDF). Subcommittee on Cultural and Demographic Data, Federal Geographic Data Committee, United States Census Bureau, United States Department of Commerce. February 1999. Retrieved July 16, 2008.
  9. 9.0 9.1 United States Census Bureau. "Changes to Counties and County Equivalent Entities: 1970-Present". Retrieved February 29, 2020.
  10. 10.0 10.1 "Alaska Population Estimates". Alaska Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Retrieved March 1, 2020.

General References[change | change source]