Maldives

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Republic of Maldives
ދިވެހިރާއްޖޭގެ ޖުމްހޫރިއްޔާ (Dhivehi)
Dhivehi Raa'jeyge Jumhooriyya
Anthem: Qaumii salaam
National Salute
Location of Maldives in the Indian Ocean
Location of Maldives in the Indian Ocean
Location of Maldives
Capital
and largest city
Malé
Official languagesMaldivian (Dhivehi)
Ethnic groups (2011)≈100% Maldiviansa[1]
DemonymMaldivian
GovernmentUnitary presidential constitutional republic
Abdulla Yameen
Abdulla Jihad[2]
• Speaker
Abdulla Maseeh Mohamed[3]
Abdullah Saeed[4]
LegislaturePeople's Majlis
Independence
• from the United Kingdom
26 July 1965
7 August 2008
Area
• Total
298[5] km2 (115 sq mi) (187th)
• Water (%)
0
Population
• 2016 estimate
427,756[6] (175th)
• 2014 census
341,356[7]
• Density
1,102.5/km2 (2,855.5/sq mi) (11th)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$7.396 billion[8] (162nd)
• Per capita
$20,228[8] (69th)
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$4.825 billion[8]
• Per capita
$13,196[8]
Gini (2005–2013)37.4[9]
medium
HDI (2014)Increase 0.706
high · 103rd
CurrencyMaldivian rufiyaa (MVR)
Time zoneMaldives Time (UTC+5)
Date formatdd/mm/yy
Drives on theleft
Calling code+960
ISO 3166 codeMV
Internet TLD.mv
  1. Excluding foreign nationals.

The Maldives are a group of islands in the Indian Ocean. They are southwest of India. They are made up of the Maldive and Suadive archipelagos, with over 1,200 islands. These islands are a part of 26 atolls. People live on about 200 of the islands. It has more than 1126 coral reefs. It is the flattest country in the world. The highest point in the Maldives is only 2 m (7 ft) high above the level of the sea.

Malé is the capital, with a population of 150,000 people.

Climate[change | change source]

A beach of Bathala island

The Maldives has a tropical monsoon climate (Am) under the Köppen climate classification, which is affected by the large landmass of South Asia to the north. Because the Maldives has the lowest elevation of any country in the world, the temperature is constantly hot and often humid. The presence of this landmass causes differential heating of land and water. These factors set off a rush of moisture-rich air from the Indian Ocean over South Asia, resulting in the southwest monsoon. Two seasons dominate Maldives' weather: the dry season associated with the winter northeastern monsoon and the rainy season which brings strong winds and storms.

The shift from the dry northeast monsoon to the moist southwest monsoon occurs during April and May. During this period, the southwest winds contribute to the formation of the southwest monsoon, which reaches Maldives in the beginning of June and lasts until the end of August. However, the weather patterns of Maldives do not always conform to the monsoon patterns of South Asia. The annual rainfall averages 254 centimetres (100 in) in the north and 381 centimetres (150 in) in the south.[10]

The monsoonal influence is greater in the north of the Maldives than in the south, more influenced by the equatorial currents.

The highest temperature ever recorded in Malé was 39.6°C (103.3°F) on 1 January 2000 and the lowest was 20.4°C (68.7°F) on 20 March 1989 and 21 January 2017.

Climate data for Malé (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 39.6
(103.3)
32.6
(90.7)
35.0
(95)
33.5
(92.3)
34.2
(93.6)
32.8
(91)
32.2
(90)
33.8
(92.8)
32.3
(90.1)
32.2
(90)
32.0
(89.6)
32.6
(90.7)
39.6
(103.3)
Average high °C (°F) 30.3
(86.5)
30.7
(87.3)
31.4
(88.5)
31.6
(88.9)
31.2
(88.2)
30.6
(87.1)
30.5
(86.9)
30.4
(86.7)
30.2
(86.4)
30.2
(86.4)
30.1
(86.2)
30.1
(86.2)
30.6
(87.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 28.0
(82.4)
28.3
(82.9)
28.9
(84)
29.2
(84.6)
28.8
(83.8)
28.3
(82.9)
28.2
(82.8)
28.0
(82.4)
27.8
(82)
27.8
(82)
27.7
(81.9)
27.8
(82)
28.2
(82.8)
Average low °C (°F) 25.7
(78.3)
25.9
(78.6)
26.4
(79.5)
26.8
(80.2)
26.3
(79.3)
26.0
(78.8)
25.8
(78.4)
25.5
(77.9)
25.3
(77.5)
25.4
(77.7)
25.2
(77.4)
25.4
(77.7)
25.8
(78.4)
Record low °C (°F) 20.4
(68.7)
22.7
(72.9)
20.4
(68.7)
23.0
(73.4)
22.4
(72.3)
23.0
(73.4)
23.0
(73.4)
23.9
(75)
23.9
(75)
23.0
(73.4)
23.0
(73.4)
22.2
(72)
20.4
(68.7)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 114.2
(4.496)
38.1
(1.5)
73.9
(2.909)
122.5
(4.823)
218.9
(8.618)
167.3
(6.587)
149.9
(5.902)
175.5
(6.909)
199.0
(7.835)
194.2
(7.646)
231.1
(9.098)
216.8
(8.535)
1,901.4
(74.858)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 6 3 5 9 15 13 12 13 15 15 13 12 131
Average relative humidity (%) 78.0 77.0 76.9 78.1 80.8 80.7 79.1 80.5 81.0 81.7 82.2 80.9 79.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 248.4 257.8 279.6 246.8 223.2 202.3 226.6 211.5 200.4 234.8 226.1 220.7 2,778.2
Source #1: World Meteorological Organization[11]
Source #2: NOAA (relative humidity and sun 1961–1990)[12], En.tutiempo[13]

References[change | change source]

  1. Levinson, David (1947). Ethnic groups worldwide: a ready reference handbook. Oryx Publishers. ISBN 978-1-57356-019-1.
  2. "The President's Office – His Excellency Abdulla Jihad sworn in as Vice President". www.presidencymaldives.gov.mv. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
  3. "Eighteenth People's Majlis elects Speaker and Deputy Speaker". People's Majlis. 28 May 2014. Archived from the original on 9 July 2014.
  4. "Supreme Court of the Maldives". supremecourt.gov.mv.
  5. "FIELD LISTING :: AREA". CIA World Factbook. CIA World Factbook. Retrieved 27 January 2016.
  6. "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". ESA.UN.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  7. "GeoHive – Maldives Population". GeoHive. Archived from the original on 25 February 2015.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 "Maldives". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  9. "2015 Human Development Report Statistical Annex" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2015. p. 17. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
  10. "Maldives – Atlapedia Online".
  11. "World Weather Information Service – Malé". WMO. Retrieved 17 March 2016.
  12. "Malé Climate 1961–90". NOAA. Retrieved 17 March 2016.
  13. https://en.tutiempo.net/climate/ws-435550.html

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Maldives at Wikimedia Commons