List of counties in Alabama

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Lauderdale County, AlabamaColbert County, AlabamaFranklin County, AlabamaMarion County, AlabamaLamar County, AlabamaPickens County, AlabamaGreene County, AlabamaSumter County, AlabamaChoctaw County, AlabamaWashington County, AlabamaMobile County, AlabamaBaldwin County, AlabamaEscambia County, AlabamaMonroe County, AlabamaClarke County, AlabamaMarengo County, AlabamaHale County, AlabamaFayette County, AlabamaTuscaloosa County, AlabamaBibb County, AlabamaPerry County, AlabamaDallas County, AlabamaWilcox County, AlabamaConecuh County, AlabamaCovington County, AlabamaCrenshaw County, AlabamaMontgomery County, AlabamaButler County, AlabamaLowndes County, AlabamaAutauga County, AlabamaChilton County, AlabamaShelby County, AlabamaJefferson County, AlabamaWalker County, AlabamaWinston County, AlabamaLawrence County, AlabamaLimestone County, AlabamaMadison County, AlabamaJackson County, AlabamaDeKalb County, AlabamaCherokee County, AlabamaEtowah County, AlabamaMarshall County, AlabamaMorgan County, AlabamaCullman County, AlabamaBlount County, AlabamaSt. Clair County, AlabamaCalhoun County, AlabamaCleburne County, AlabamaTalladega County, AlabamaCoosa County, AlabamaClay County, AlabamaRandolph County, AlabamaTallapoosa County, AlabamaChambers County, AlabamaLee County, AlabamaElmore County, AlabamaMacon County, AlabamaRussell County, AlabamaBarbour County, AlabamaCoffee County, AlabamaPike County, AlabamaBullock County, AlabamaGeneva County, AlabamaDale County, AlabamaHenry County, AlabamaHouston County, Alabama
Alabama counties (clickable map)

The U.S. state of Alabama has sixty-seven counties. The oldest is Washington County (created June 4, 1800) and the youngest is Houston County (created February 9, 1903).

Alabama was claimed by Spain, as Spanish Florida, and by England, as the Province of Carolina. The first permanent colony was made by the French on the banks of the Mobile River in 1702.

After the American Revolutionary War, West Florida south of the 31st parallel became a part of Spain while most of the rest was put in the Mississippi Territory. The territorial assembly established some of the earliest county divisions which have survived to the present. In 1817 the western part of the territory became the State of Mississippi and the remainder the Alabama Territory. The Alabama territorial legislature made some more counties.

Alabama became the 22nd state of the United States in 1819. The Alabama state legislature made more counties from former Indian lands as the Indian Removal Act took effect and settlers populated different areas of Alabama.

In 1820, Alabama had 29 counties. By 1830 there were 36, with Indians still occupying land in northeast and far western Alabama. By 1840, 49 counties had been created; 52 by 1850; 65 by 1870; and the present 67 counties by 1903.[1]

According to 2006 U.S. Census estimates, the average population of Alabama's sixty-seven counties was 68,642, while Jefferson County had the most people (656,700), and Greene County (9,374) had the least. The average land area is 757 sq mi (1,960.6 km2). The largest county is Baldwin (1,596 sq mi or 4,133.6 km2), and the smallest is Etowah (535 sq mi or 1,385.6 km2).

The Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) code, which is used by the United States government to uniquely identify counties, is provided with each entry. (In this system, St. Clair County is alphabetized ahead of Shelby County.) The FIPS code links in the table point to U.S. Census "quick facts" pages for each county.

Counties[change | change source]

FIPS code[2] County seat[3] License #
Created[3] Formed from[5] Meaning of name[1][6] Population[7] Area[8] Map
Autauga County 001 Prattville 4 1818 Montgomery County The Autauga or Atagi people, Native Americans who were a sub-group of the Alibamu 54,571 594 sq mi (1,538 km2) State map highlighting Autauga County

Baldwin County 003 Bay Minette 5 1809 Washington County and West Florida Abraham Baldwin (1754–1807), U.S. legislator from Georgia 182,265 1,590 sq mi
(4,118 km2)
State map highlighting Baldwin County
Barbour County 005 Clayton 6 1832 Pike County James Barbour (1775–1842), Governor of Virginia and U.S. Senator 27,457 885 sq mi
(2,292 km2)
State map highlighting Barbour County
Bibb County 007 Centreville 7 1818 Montgomery County (as Cahawba County) William Wyatt Bibb (1781–1820), 1st Governor of Alabama 22,915 623 sq mi
(1,614 km2)
State map highlighting Bibb County
Blount County 009 Oneonta 8 1818 Montgomery County and Indian territories Willie Blount (1768–1835), Governor of Tennessee. 57,322 645 sq mi
(1,671 km2)
State map highlighting Blount County
Bullock County 011 Union Springs 9 1866 Barbour, Macon, Montgomery, and Pike counties Edward Bullock (1822–1861), colonel in the Confederate States Army 10,914 623 sq mi
(1,614 km2)
State map highlighting Bullock County
Butler County 013 Greenville 10 1819 Conecuh and Monroe counties William Butler (?–1818), captain in Creek War 20,947 777 sq mi
(2,012 km2)
State map highlighting Butler County

Calhoun County 015 Anniston 11 1832 St. Clair County (as Benton County) John C. Calhoun (1782–1850), 7th U.S. Vice President 118,572 606 sq mi
(1,570 km2)
State map highlighting Calhoun County
Chambers County 017 LaFayette 12 1832 Montgomery County Henry H. Chambers (1790–1826), U.S. Senator 34,215 597 sq mi
(1,546 km2)
State map highlighting Chambers County
Cherokee County 019 Centre 13 1836 Cherokee territory Cherokee people, whose lands included Alabama 25,989 554 sq mi
(1,435 km2)
State map highlighting Cherokee County
Chilton County 021 Clanton 14 1868 Autauga, Bibb, Perry, and Shelby counties (as Baker County) William Parish Chilton (1810–1871), Alabama Supreme Court Justice and Confederate congressman 43,643 693 sq mi
(1,795 km2)
State map highlighting Chilton County
Choctaw County 023 Butler 15 1847 Sumter and Washington counties Choctaw people, whose lands included Alabama 13,859 914 sq mi
(2,367 km2)
State map highlighting Choctaw County
Clarke County 025 Grove Hill 16 1812 Washington County John Clarke (1766–1832), general from Georgia 25,833 1,238 sq mi
(3,206 km2)
State map highlighting Clarke County
Clay County 027 Ashland 17 1866 Randolph and Talladega counties Henry Clay (1777–1852), U.S. legislator from Kentucky 13,932 604 sq mi
(1,564 km2)
State map highlighting Clay County
Cleburne County 029 Heflin 18 1866 Calhoun, Randolph, and Talladega counties Patrick Cleburne (1828–1864), Major General in Confederate States Army 14,972 560 sq mi
(1,450 km2)
State map highlighting Cleburne County
Coffee County 031 Elba and Enterprise[9] 19 1841 Dale County John Coffee (1772–1833), military leader in War of 1812 and Creek War 49,948 679 sq mi
(1,759 km2)
State map highlighting Coffee County
Colbert County 033 Tuscumbia 20 1867 Franklin County George Colbert (1764–1839) and Levi Colbert (1759–1834), Chickasaw chiefs 54,428 593 sq mi
(1,536 km2)
State map highlighting Colbert County
Conecuh County 035 Evergreen 21 1818 Monroe County The Conecuh River, which flows through the county 13,228 850 sq mi
(2,201 km2)
State map highlighting Conecuh County
Coosa County 037 Rockford 22 1832 Montgomery County The Coosa River, which flows through the county, and is itself named after a Native American village 11,539 651 sq mi
(1,686 km2)
State map highlighting Coosa County
Covington County 039 Andalusia 23 1821 Henry County Leonard Covington (1768–1813), Brigadier General in War of 1812 and U.S. Congressman 37,765 1,030 sq mi
(2,668 km2)
State map highlighting Covington County
Crenshaw County 041 Luverne 24 1866 Butler, Coffee, Covington, Lowndes, and Pike Counties Anderson Crenshaw (1783–1847), Alabama Supreme Court justice and early settler 13,906 609 sq mi
(1,577 km2)
State map highlighting Crenshaw County
Cullman County 043 Cullman 25 1877 Blount, Morgan, and Winston counties Colonel John G. Cullmann (1823–1895), founder of county seat 80,406 735 sq mi
(1,904 km2)
State map highlighting Cullman County

Dale County 045 Ozark 26 1824 Covington and Henry counties Samuel Dale (1772–1841), Brigadier General and state legislator 50,251 561 sq mi
(1,453 km2)
State map highlighting Dale County
Dallas County 047 Selma 27 1818 Monroe and Montgomery counties Alexander J. Dallas (1759–1817), U.S. Secretary of Treasury 43,820 979 sq mi
(2,536 km2)
State map highlighting Dallas County
DeKalb County 049 Fort Payne 28 1836 Cherokee territory Johann de Kalb (1721–1780), major general in American Revolutionary War 71,109 777 sq mi
(2,012 km2)
State map highlighting DeKalb County

Elmore County 051 Wetumpka 29 1866 Autauga, Coosa, Montgomery, and Tallapoosa counties John Archer Elmore (1762–1834), Revolutionary War veteran 79,303 618 sq mi
(1,601 km2)
State map highlighting Elmore County
Escambia County 053 Brewton 30 1868 Baldwin and Conecuh counties Escambia Creek, a tributary of the Conecuh River 38,319 945 sq mi
(2,448 km2)
State map highlighting Escambia County
Etowah County 055 Gadsden 31 1866 Blount, Calhoun, Cherokee, DeKalb, Marshall, and St. Clair counties (as Baine County) Etowah Indian Mounds 104,430 535 sq mi
(1,386 km2)
State map highlighting Etowah County

Fayette County 057 Fayette 32 1824 Marion, Pickens, Tuscaloosa, and Walker counties Marquis de La Fayette (1757–1834), Revolutionary War commander 17,241 628 sq mi
(1,627 km2)
State map highlighting Fayette County
Franklin County 059 Russellville 33 1818 Cherokee territory Benjamin Franklin (1706–1790), politician, diplomat, inventor, and publisher 31,704 634 sq mi
(1,642 km2)
State map highlighting Franklin County

Geneva County 061 Geneva 34 1868 Coffee, Dale, and Henry counties Named after Geneva, New York, the origin of several early settlers 26,790 574 sq mi
(1,487 km2)
State map highlighting Geneva County
Greene County 063 Eutaw 35 1819 Marengo and Tuscaloosa counties Nathanael Greene (1742–1786), Revolutionary War general 9,045 647 sq mi
(1,676 km2)
State map highlighting Greene County

Hale County 065 Greensboro 36 1867 Greene, Marengo, Perry, and Tuscaloosa counties Stephen F. Hale (1816–1862), lieutenant colonel in Confederate States Army 15,760 644 sq mi
(1,668 km2)
State map highlighting Hale County
Henry County 067 Abbeville 37 1819 Conecuh County Patrick Henry (1736–1799), Revolutionary War patriot and Governor of Virginia 17,302 562 sq mi
(1,456 km2)
State map highlighting Henry County
Houston County 069 Dothan 38 1903 Dale, Geneva, and Henry counties George S. Houston (1811–1879), 24th Governor of Alabama and U.S. Congressman 101,547 580 sq mi
(1,502 km2)
State map highlighting Houston County

Jackson County 071 Scottsboro 39 1819 Cherokee territory Andrew Jackson (1767–1845), 7th U.S. President 53,227 1,078 sq mi
(2,792 km2)
State map highlighting Jackson County
Jefferson County 073 Birmingham 1 1819 Blount County Thomas Jefferson (1743–1826), 3rd U.S. President 658,466 1,111 sq mi
(2,877 km2)
State map highlighting Jefferson County

Lamar County 075 Vernon 40 1867 Fayette and Marion counties (as Jones County) Lucius Q. C. Lamar (1825–1893), U.S. Supreme Court justice 14,564 605 sq mi
(1,567 km2)
State map highlighting Lamar County
Lauderdale County 077 Florence 41 1818 Cherokee and Chickasaw territories James Lauderdale (1780–1814), Colonel in War of 1812 92,709 668 sq mi
(1,730 km2)
State map highlighting Lauderdale County
Lawrence County 079 Moulton 42 1818 Cherokee territory James Lawrence (1781–1813), naval officer in War of 1812 34,339 691 sq mi
(1,790 km2)
State map highlighting Lawrence County
Lee County 081 Opelika 43 1866 Chambers, Macon, Russell, and Tallapoosa counties Robert E. Lee (1807–1870), Commander of the Confederate States Army 140,247 608 sq mi
(1,575 km2)
State map highlighting Lee County
Limestone County 083 Athens 44 1818 Elk and Madison counties Limestone Creek, named for local geological deposits 82,782 560 sq mi
(1,450 km2)
State map highlighting Limestone County
Lowndes County 085 Hayneville 45 1830 Butler, Dallas, and Montgomery counties William Lowndes (1782–1822), U.S. Congressman from South Carolina 11,299 716 sq mi
(1,854 km2)
State map highlighting Lowndes County

Macon County 087 Tuskegee 46 1832 Montgomery County Nathaniel Macon (1758–1837), U.S. legislator from North Carolina 21,452 609 sq mi
(1,577 km2)
State map highlighting Macon County
Madison County 089 Huntsville 47 1808 Cherokee and Chickasaw territories James Madison (1751–1836), 4th U.S. President 334,811 802 sq mi
(2,077 km2)
State map highlighting Madison County
Marengo County 091 Linden 48 1818 Choctaw territory Battle of Marengo 21,027 977 sq mi
(2,530 km2)
State map highlighting Marengo County
Marion County 093 Hamilton 49 1818 Tuscaloosa County Francis Marion (1732–1795), military leader in American Revolutionary War 30,776 742 sq mi
(1,922 km2)
State map highlighting Marion County
Marshall County 095 Guntersville 50 1836 Blount and Jackson counties and Cherokee territory John Marshall (1755–1835), Chief Justice of the United States 1801–1835 93,019 566 sq mi
(1,466 km2)
State map highlighting Marshall County
Mobile County 097 Mobile 2 1812 Mobile District of West Florida after annexation into Mississippi Territory Mobile Bay, on which county is located, and which is itself named after the Maubila tribe of Native Americans 412,992 1,229 sq mi
(3,183 km2)
State map highlighting Mobile County
Monroe County 099 Monroeville 51 1815 Creek territory James Monroe (1758–1831), 5th U.S. President 23,068 1,026 sq mi
(2,657 km2)
State map highlighting Monroe County
Montgomery County 101 Montgomery 3 1816 Monroe County Lemuel P. Montgomery (1786–1814), Major in Creek War 229,363 784 sq mi
(2,031 km2)
State map highlighting Montgomery County
Morgan County 103 Decatur 52 1818 Cherokee territory (as Cotaco County) Daniel Morgan (1736–1802), U.S. Congressman 119,490 579 sq mi
(1,500 km2)
State map highlighting Morgan County

Perry County 105 Marion 53 1819 Cahawba, Dallas, Marengo, and Tuscaloosa counties Oliver Hazard Perry (1795–1819), naval officer in War of 1812 10,591 720 sq mi
(1,865 km2)
State map highlighting Perry County
Pickens County 107 Carrollton 54 1820 Tuscaloosa County Andrew Pickens (1739–1817), General in the Revolutionary War 19,746 881 sq mi
(2,282 km2)
State map highlighting Pickens County
Pike County 109 Troy 55 1821 Henry and Montgomery counties Zebulon Pike (1779–1813), explorer and officer in War of 1812 32,899 672 sq mi
(1,740 km2)
State map highlighting Pike County

Randolph County 111 Wedowee 56 1832 St. Clair and Shelby counties John Randolph (1773–1833), U.S. Senator from Virginia 22,913 581 sq mi
(1,505 km2)
State map highlighting Randolph County
Russell County 113 Phenix City 57 1832 Barbour, Bullock, Lee and Macon counties Gilbert C. Russell (1782-1861), officer in Creek War 52,947 641 sq mi
(1,660 km2)
State map highlighting Russell County

St. Clair County 115 Ashville and Pell City 59 1818 Shelby County Arthur St. Clair (1736–1818), President of Continental Congress 83,593 632 sq mi
(1,637 km2)
State map highlighting St. Clair County
Shelby County 117 Columbiana 58 1818 Montgomery County Isaac Shelby (1750–1826), Governor of Kentucky 195,085 785 sq mi
(2,033 km2)
State map highlighting Shelby County
Sumter County 119 Livingston 60 1832 Choctaw territory Thomas Sumter (1734–1832), U.S. Congressman from South Carolina 13,763 904 sq mi
(2,341 km2)
State map highlighting Sumter County

Talladega County 121 Talladega 61 1832 St. Clair and Shelby counties Talatigi, Creek Indian name for the county seat, meaning "border town" 82,291 737 sq mi
(1,909 km2)
State map highlighting Talladega County
Tallapoosa County 123 Dadeville 62 1832 Montgomery and Shelby counties Tallapoosa River 41,616 717 sq mi
(1,857 km2)
State map highlighting Tallapoosa County
Tuscaloosa County 125 Tuscaloosa 63 1818 Montgomery County and Choctaw territory Iroquoian name for the Black Warrior River 194,656 1,322 sq mi
(3,424 km2)
State map highlighting Tuscaloosa County

Walker County 127 Jasper 64 1823 Blount, Jefferson, and Tuscaloosa counties John Williams Walker (1783–1823), U.S. Senator from Alabama 67,023 791 sq mi
(2,049 km2)
State map highlighting Walker County
Washington County 129 Chatom 65 1800 Adams and Pickering counties of Mississippi Territory George Washington (1732–1799), 1st U.S. President 17,581 1,080 sq mi
(2,797 km2)
State map highlighting Washington County
Wilcox County 131 Camden 66 1819 Dallas and Monroe counties Joseph M. Wilcox (1790–1814), lieutenant in Creek War 11,670 888 sq mi
(2,300 km2)
State map highlighting Wilcox County
Winston County 133 Double Springs 67 1850 Walker County (as Hancock County) John A. Winston (1812–1871), 15th Governor of Alabama 24,484 613 sq mi
(1,588 km2)
State map highlighting Winston County

Former counties and county names[change | change source]

Fictional counties of note[change | change source]

  • Aurora County, the setting for several books by Deborah Wiles.
  • Beechum County, the setting for the 1992 film, My Cousin Vinny.
  • Greenbow County, the title character's birthplace in the 1986 Winston Groom novel Forrest Gump, which was adapted into a feature film in 1994.
  • Hazzard County, the setting for the CBS TV show The Dukes of Hazzard, that ran from 1979-1985.
  • Maycomb County, the setting for Harper Lee's 1960 novel To Kill a Mockingbird, which was adapted into a feature film in 1962.
  • Pearl County, the setting for William March's 1943 novel Looking Glass and of several of his short stories.

References[change | change source]

  • " Alabama". Official County Websites. Archived from the original on 2013-09-01. Retrieved 2007-09-13. - official sites
  1. 1.0 1.1 Foscue, Virginia O. (1989) Place Names in Alabama. Tuscaloosa, Alabama: University of Alabama Press. ISBN 0-8173-0410-X
  2. "EPA County FIPS Code Listing". Retrieved 2008-02-23.
  3. 3.0 3.1 National Association of Counties. "NACo - Find a county". Archived from the original on 2008-03-09. Retrieved 2008-04-30.
  4. Nicholson, David. "Alabama County Codes". License Plates of North America, 1969–present. Retrieved 2009-05-25.
  5. Owen, Thomas McAdory; Owen, Marie Bankhead (1921). History of Alabama and Dictionary of Alabama Biography. Chicago: S.J. Clarke Publishing Company.
  6. "Alabama Counties". Alabama Department of Archives and History. Archived from the original on 2018-12-24. Retrieved 2009-06-01.
  7. "American FactFinder". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  8. "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  9. Coffee County, Alabama. "History of Coffee County". Archived from the original on 2018-12-24. Retrieved 2011-08-19.