List of counties in Maine

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Map of Maine's counties

There are 16 counties in the U.S. state of Maine

List[change | change source]

FIPS code[1] Seat[2] Established[2] Origin Meaning of name Population[2][3] Area[2][3] Map
Androscoggin County 001 Auburn 1854 From parts of Cumberland County, Kennebec County, and Lincoln County The Androscoggin Native American tribe. 107,702 497 mi²
(1,287 km²)
State map highlighting Androscoggin County
Aroostook County 003 Houlton 1839 From parts of Penobscot County, and Washington County A Native American word meaning beautiful river. 71,870 6,829 sq mi
(17,687 km2)
State map highlighting Aroostook County
Cumberland County 005 Portland 1761 As Cumberland County, Massachusetts from part of York County Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, son of George II of Great Britain. 281,674 1,217 sq mi
(3,152 km2)
State map highlighting Cumberland County
Franklin County 007 Farmington 1838 From parts of Kennebec County, Oxford County, and Somerset County Benjamin Franklin, the Founding Father, scientist, printer, and diplomat. 30,768 1,744 sq mi
(4,517 km2)
State map highlighting Franklin County
Hancock County 009 Ellsworth 1790 As Hancock County, Massachusetts, from part of Lincoln County John Hancock (1737–1793), the Founding Father and president of the convention that produced the United States Declaration of Independence. 54,418 2,351 sq mi
(6,089 km2)
State map highlighting Hancock County
Kennebec County 011 Augusta 1799 As Kennebec County, Massachusetts from part of Lincoln County The Kennebec River in Maine. 122,151 951 sq mi
(2,463 km2)
State map highlighting Kennebec County
Knox County 013 Rockland 1860 From parts of Lincoln County and Waldo County Henry Knox (1750–1806), the first United States Secretary of War (1789 - 1794), who lived in Thomaston, Maine. 39,736 1,142 sq mi
(2,958 km2)
State map highlighting Knox County
Lincoln County 015 Wiscasset 1760 As Lincoln County, Massachusetts from part of York County The city of Lincoln, England. 34,457 700 sq mi
(1,813 km2)
State map highlighting Lincoln County
Oxford County 017 Paris 1805 As Oxford County, Massachusetts from parts of Cumberland County and York County Probably named for Oxford, Massachusetts. 57,833 2,175 sq mi
(5,633 km2)
State map highlighting Oxford County
Penobscot County 019 Bangor 1816 As Penobscot County, Massachusetts from part of Hancock County The Penobscot Native American tribe. 153,923 3,556 sq mi
(9,210 km2)
State map highlighting Penobscot County
Piscataquis County 021 Dover-Foxcroft 1838 From parts of Penobscot County and Somerset County An Abenaki word meaning rapid waters. 17,535 4,377 sq mi
(11,336 km2)
State map highlighting Piscataquis County
Sagadahoc County 023 Bath 1854 From part of Lincoln County A Native American word meaning mouth of big river. 35,293 370 sq mi
(958 km2)
State map highlighting Sagadahoc County
Somerset County 025 Skowhegan 1809 As Somerset County, Massachusetts from parts of Kennebec County The county of Somerset in England. 52,228 4,095 sq mi
(10,606 km2)
State map highlighting Somerset County
Waldo County 027 Belfast 1827 From parts of Hancock County, Kennebec County and Lincoln County Samuel Waldo, Maine landowner and a colonial soldier in the 1745 siege of Louisbourg. 38,786 853 sq mi
(2,209 km2)
State map highlighting Waldo County
Washington County 029 Machias 1790 As Washington County, Massachusetts from part of Lincoln County George Washington, the first President of the United States. 32,856 3,255 sq mi
(8,430 km2)
State map highlighting Washington County
York County 031 Alfred 1652 As Yorkshire County, Massachusetts from the southern part of the District of Maine. Renamed York County by Massachusetts in 1668 James, Duke of York, later King James II of England. 197,131 1,271 sq mi
(3,292 km2)
State map highlighting York County

Song[change | change source]

A song is taught to many elementary school children across the state, entitled the Maine County Song, to aid in memorizing the names of the state's 16 counties. It is sung to the tune of Yankee Doodle.

Sixteen counties has our state
Cumberland and Franklin
Piscataquis and Kennebec
Oxford, Androscoggin
Waldo, Washington, and York
Lincoln, Knox, and Hancock
Sagadahoc and Somerset
Aroostook and Penobscot[4]

An alternate version as put forth by the Maine Secretary of State's Kids' Page:

The sixteen counties in our state
Are Cumberland and Franklin
Piscataquis and Somerset
Aroostook, Androscoggin
Sagadahoc and Kennebec
Lincoln, Knox and Hancock
Waldo, Washington and York
Oxford and Penobscot[5]

However the traditional version is:

Sixteen counties in our state
are Cumberland and Franklin
Waldo York Piscataquis
Oxford and Androscoggin
Washington and Somerset
Lincoln Knox and Hancock
Kennebec Sagadahoc
Aroostook and Penobscot

References[change | change source]

  1. "EPA County FIPS Code Listing". Retrieved 2008-02-23.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 National Association of Counties. "NACo - Find a county". Archived from the original on 2008-04-11. Retrieved 2008-04-30.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Maine QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". State & County QuickFacts. Archived from the original on 2007-04-10. Retrieved 2007-04-18.
  4. "16 counties fit nicely in 'Yankee Doodle'". Archived from the original on 2012-07-27. Retrieved 2012-03-25.
  5. "Secretary of State Kid's Page (Home)". Archived from the original on 2009-05-06. Retrieved 2012-03-25.