List of countries and territories where Russian is an official language

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of countries and regions where Russian is an official language.

Countries[change | change source]

Official language[change | change source]

Name Other official language(s) (at national level) Native speakers (%) Total speakers (%)
 Belarus Belarusian 70.2%
 Canada[a] English
1.0 6.6
 Kazakhstan Kazakh 21.2 84.8[b]
 Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyz 8.9% 49.6%
 Russia 85.7
 Tajikistan Tajik 0.5% 25.9%

Recognised language[change | change source]

Many countries recognise Russian as a minority language under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages.

Country Official language(s) Native speakers (%) Total speakers (%)
 Armenia Armenian 0.8% 52.7%
 Moldova Romanian[c] 9.7%
 Poland Polish 0.1% 18%
 Romania Romanian 0.11%
 Slovakia Slovak
 Ukraine Ukrainian 29.6% 68%
 Uzbekistan Uzbek 2.1%

Regions and unrecognised countries[change | change source]

The partially-recognised republics of Abkhazia, South Ossetia and Transnistria all list Russian as a co-official language in their constitutions. The regions of Crimea (Ukraine), Gagauzia (Moldova), Administrative-Territorial Units of the Left Bank of the Dniester (Moldova) and eight communes of Romania also recognise Russian as a co-official language.

References[change | change source]

Notes[change | change source]

  1. In Canada, English is the sole official language at national level, while French and Russian (partly) are co-official languages of Canada
  2. According to the 2009 census, 94% of Kazakhs could understand verbal Russian and 74% understood verbal Kazakh. 84.8% of Kazakhs said that they were fluent in Russian, 62% were fluent in Kazakh and 7.7% were fluent in English.
  3. The Declaration of Independence refers to the Romanian language as "Romanian", but the Moldovan dialect is considered by some as a language in its own right.