List of heads of government of the Central African Republic

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Prime Minister of the
Central African Republic
Coat of arms of the Central African Republic.svg
Incumbent
Firmin Ngrébada

since 27 February 2019
AppointerFaustin-Archange Touadéra,
as President of the Central African Republic
Inaugural holderDavid Dacko
Formation13 August 1960

This article lists the heads of government of the Central African Republic.

List[change | change source]

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Term of office Political affiliations Notes
Took office Left office Time in office
Central African Republic (Autonomous within the French Community)
Barthélemy Boganda
(1910–1959)
Barthélemy Boganda in 1958.jpg 8 December 1958[A] 29 March 1959[B] 111 days MESAN Founder of the MESAN party;[1] negotiated for the independence of Oubangui-Chari and named the country the "Central African Republic".[2]
Abel Goumba
(1926–2009)
No image.png 30 March 1959[3] 30 April 1959 31 days MESAN Served as Acting Prime Minister; had an internal struggle for power with Dacko after Boganda's death.
David Dacko
(1930–2003)
David Dacko 1962-08-08.jpg 1 May 1959[3] 13 August 1960 1 year, 104 days MESAN Seized power from Goumba, with the support of high commissioner Roger Barberot, the Bangui chamber of commerce and Boganda's widow, Michelle Jourdain.[4]
Central African Republic (Independent)
French: République centrafricaine
Sango: Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka
David Dacko
(1930–2003)
David Dacko 1962-08-08.jpg 13 August 1960[3] 14 August 1960[C] 1 day MESAN Also served as head of state (President) upon independence.[5]
Post abolished (14 August 1960 – 1 January 1975)
Elisabeth Domitien
(1925–2005)
No image.png 2 January 1975[D][6] 7 April 1976[E][7] 1 year, 96 days MESAN First female head of government in Africa.[8]
Vacant (8 April 1976 – 4 September 1976)
Ange-Félix Patassé
(1937–2011)
No image.png 5 September 1976[7][9] 3 December 1976[F] 89 days MESAN Later served as President (1993–2003).[10]
Central African Empire
French: Empire centrafricain
Ange-Félix Patassé
(1937–2011)
No image.png 8 December 1976[11] 14 July 1978 1 year, 218 days MESAN  
Henri Maïdou
(born 1936)
No image.png 14 July 1978[7] 21 September 1979[11] 1 year, 69 days MESAN Wrote a letter on 4 September 1979 to the French government officials, asking them to put an end to Bokassa's tyrannical rule.[12] Less than three weeks later, the French successfully executed Operation Barracuda, toppling the Bokassa regime.
Central African Republic
French: République centrafricaine
Sango: Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka
Henri Maïdou
(born 1936)
No image.png 21 September 1979 26 September 1979[G] 5 days MESAN  
Bernard Ayandho
(1930–1993)
No image.png 26 September 1979[13] 22 August 1980[H] 331 days MESAN Previously served as a Minister of Economy.[14]
UDC[I]
Vacant (23 August 1980 – 11 November 1980)
Jean-Pierre Lebouder
(born 1944)
No image.png 12 November 1980[13] 4 April 1981[15] 143 days UDC Minister of Economy and Finance in Gaombalet's government from 2003–2004.[16]
Simon Narcisse Bozanga
(1942–2010)
No image.png 4 April 1981 1 September 1981[13] 150 days UDC Served as secretary general and Minister of Justice in the Dacko government.[17]
Post abolished (2 September 1981 – 14 March 1991)
Édouard Frank
(born 1938)
No image.png 15 March 1991[13] 4 December 1992[18] 1 year, 264 days RDC Served as the president of the Central African Republic Supreme Court. Declared Patassé the winner of the 1993 presidential election.[19]
Timothée Malendoma
(1935–2010)
No image.png 4 December 1992 26 February 1993[J] 84 days FC Minister of the National Economy in Bokassa's government and Minister of State under Dacko.[20]
Enoch Derant Lakoué
(born 1945)
No image.png 26 February 1993 25 October 1993 241 days PSD Candidate from the PSD in the 1993 and 1999 presidential elections.[21][22] Later served as the head of the national administration of the Bank of Central African States (BEAC).[23]
Jean-Luc Mandaba
(1943–2000)
No image.png 25 October 1993[24] 12 April 1995[K] 1 year, 169 days MLPC Minister of Health under Kolingba and Vice President of the MLPC.[25]
Gabriel Koyambounou
(born 1947)
No image.png 12 April 1995[26] 6 June 1996 1 year, 55 days MLPC Inspector in the civil service prior to becoming Prime Minister.[26]
Jean-Paul Ngoupandé
(1948–2014)
No image.png 6 June 1996[18] 30 January 1997 238 days PUN Former ambassador to France.[27]
Michel Gbezera-Bria
(born 1946)
No image.png 30 January 1997[L] 4 January 1999 1 year, 339 days Independent Previously served as Foreign Minister.[28]
Anicet-Georges Dologuélé
(born 1957)
Anicet Georges Dologuele 2015 (cropped).jpg 4 January 1999[29] 1 April 2001[M] 2 years, 87 days Independent Minister of Finance and Budget in Gbezera-Bria's government.[30]
Martin Ziguélé
(born 1957)
Ziguele.jpg 1 April 2001 15 March 2003[N] 1 year, 348 days MLPC Finished second place to incumbent François Bozizé in the first round of the 2005 presidential elections,[31] but lost the second round run-off.[32] Elected to three-year term as President of MLPC in June 2007.[33]
Abel Goumba
(1926–2009)
No image.png 23 March 2003[34] 11 December 2003[O] 263 days FPP Acting Prime Minister following Boganda's death in 1959.[18] Vice President from 11 December 2003 to 15 March 2005.
Célestin Gaombalet
(1942–2017)
CGaombalet.jpg 12 December 2003 11 June 2005[P] 1 year, 181 days Independent Former director-general of Union Bank in Central Africa (UBAC), worked for the Development Bank of Central African States in Congo, headed the Moroccan-Central African People's Bank (BMPC).[35] Subsequently, the Speaker of the National Assembly.[36]
Élie Doté
(born 1947)
Elie Dote.jpg 13 June 2005[37] 18 January 2008[Q] 2 years, 219 days Independent Became Finance Minister in September 2006 cabinet reshuffle, while maintaining his post as Prime Minister.[38]
Faustin-Archange Touadéra
(born 1957)
Faustin Touadera.jpg 22 January 2008[39] 17 January 2013[40] 4 years, 361 days Independent Holds two doctoral degrees in mathematics. Served as Vice-Chancellor of the University of Bangui from May 2004 until being appointed as Prime Minister.[41] Later served as President (2016–present).
Nicolas Tiangaye
(born 1956)
Nicolas Tiangaye 2013-12-20.jpg 17 January 2013[42] 10 January 2014[R] 358 days Independent Served as President of the National Transitional Council (CNT) from 2003 to 2005.
André Nzapayeké
(born 1951)
André Nzapayéké 2006.jpg 25 January 2014 10 August 2014[43] 197 days Independent Serving as Acting Prime Minister; former Executive Director of the African Development Bank (AfDB) and vice president of the Bank of Central African States (BEAC).[44][45]
Mahamat Kamoun
(born 1961)
Mahamat Kamoun (cropped).jpg 10 August 2014 2 April 2016 1 year, 236 days Independent Heading a transitional government until the full implementation of the peace deal.
Simplice Sarandji
(born 1955)
Simplice Sarandji 2016 (cropped).jpg 2 April 2016 27 February 2019 2 years, 331 days Independent  
Firmin Ngrébada
(born 1968)
No image.png 27 February 2019 Incumbent 2 years, 57 days Independent  
MCU

References[change | change source]

  1. Kalck 2005, p. 135.
  2. Kalck 2005, p. 27
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Kalck 2005, p. 198.
  4. Kalck 1971, p. 107.
  5. Kalck 2005, p. xxxii.
  6. Kalck 2005, p. 199.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Lentz 1994, p. 153.
  8. Titley 1997, p. 83.
  9. Kalck 2005, p. xxxiv.
  10. Munié, Vincent (29 May 2008), Central African Republic: France's Long Hand, AllAfrica.com, retrieved 2008-06-18.
  11. 11.0 11.1 Stewart 1989, p. 58.
  12. Kalck 2005, p. 124.
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 Lentz 1994, p. 154.
  14. Lewis, Flora (24 September 1979), "Barred By France, Bokassa Flies Off For African Nation", The New York Times, p. A1, A12.
  15. Stewart 1989, p. 59.
  16. "RCA: le ministre de l'Économie a remis sa démission", Agence France-Presse (in French), 13 August 2004, archived from the original on 22 November 2008, retrieved 18 June 2008.
  17. Kalck 2005, p. 33.
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 Kalck 2005, p. 200.
  19. Clark & Gardinier 1997, p. 119.
  20. Kalck 2005, p. 125.
  21. Rapport de la Mission Exploratoire en vue des Elections Presidentielles et Legislatives du 22 aout 1993 (PDF) (in French), Le Conseil Permanent de la Francophonie, archived from the original (PDF) on 27 June 2008, retrieved 18 June 2008.
  22. Rapport de la Mission D'observation des Elections Presidentielles du 19 septembre 1999 (PDF) (in French), l'Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, archived from the original (PDF) on 27 June 2008, retrieved 18 June 2008.
  23. "Présidentielle en RCA: seuls cinq candidats admis à se présenter", Agence France-Presse (in French), 30 December 2004, retrieved 2008-06-18.
  24. Kalck 2005, p. xlviii.
  25. Murison 2004, p. 200.
  26. 26.0 26.1 New Central African premier named, Agence France-Presse, 12 April 1995
  27. Mehler 2005, p. 136.
  28. "Central African leader names new PM under reconciliation pact", Agence France-Presse (in French), 30 January 1997.
  29. "Central African Republic Prime Minister Forms New Government", Agence France-Presse (in French), 15 January 1999.
  30. Kalck 2005, p. lv.
  31. Samson, Didier (31 March 2005), "Second tour: Bozizé face à Ziguélé", Radio France Internationale (in French).
  32. "Bozizé fait coup double aux élections", Agence France-Presse (in French), 25 May 2005.
  33. Soupou, Jérémie (30 June 2007), "Martin Ziguélé face à la presse", Agence Centrafrique Presse (in French), retrieved 2008-06-18.
  34. "Bozize appoints prime minister", IRIN, 24 March 2003, retrieved 2008-06-18.
  35. Geslin, Jean-Dominique (21 December 2003), "Que peut faire Gaombalet?", Jeune Afrique (in French), archived from the original on 3 January 2013.
  36. "New parliament meets, elects speaker", IRIN, 9 June 2005, retrieved 2008-06-18.
  37. Central Intelligence Agency (2007), The CIA World Factbook, New York: Skyhorse Publishing, p. 124, ISBN 978-1-60239-080-5, OCLC 181228013.
  38. "Central Africa's government reshuffled", Agence France-Presse, 3 September 2006.
  39. "Centrafrique: le recteur de l'université de Bangui nommé Premier ministre", Agence France-Presse (in French), 22 January 2008, archived from the original on 21 May 2011.
  40. "Prime minister booted from job in Central African Republic, part of peace deal with rebels". The Washington Post. 13 January 2013. Retrieved 15 January 2013.[permanent dead link]
  41. "Profile of new Central African Prime Minister, Faustin Touadera", African Press Agency, 23 January 2008, retrieved 2008-06-18[permanent dead link].
  42. Patrick Fort, "Tiangaye named Central African PM, says 'hard work' begins", Agence France-Presse, 17 January 2013.
  43. Central African Republic's PM, cabinet resign — state radio Reuters Africa. 5 August 2014
  44. "André Nzapayéké, un technocrate à la tête du gouvernement de République centrafricaine" (in French). Radio France Internationale. 25 January 2014. Retrieved 27 January 2014.
  45. "New CAR PM says ending atrocities is priority". aljazeera.com. Retrieved 2014-01-26.