List of oldest living state leaders

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This article lists the Oldest Living current or former heads of state or heads of government of sovereign states (often a president, prime minister, or monarch) whose age Can be proven beyond reasonable doubt. Leaders are not included if no reliable secondary sources have confirmed that the leader is alive within the last 10 years. The oldest living former state leader is Francisco Morales-Bermúdez of Peru at the age of 100 years, 267 days. Leaders currently in office are in bold on purple, with Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom[lower-greek 1] being the oldest currently serving head of state she is currently 96 years, 68 days.

Gallery[change | change source]

List[change | change source]

     Currently in office

No. Name State Position Birth Age Living as of
1 Francisco Morales-Bermúdez  Peru Prime Minister (1975)
President (1975–1980)
4 October 1921 100 years, 267 days 2022-03-06[1]
2 Luis Echeverría  Mexico President (1970–1976) 17 January 1922 100 years, 162 days 2022-01-16[2]
3 Khamtai Siphandone  Laos Prime Minister (1991–1998)
Chairman of the People's Revolutionary Party (1992–2006)
President (1998–2006)
8 February 1924 98 years, 140 days 2020-12-02[3]
4 Tomiichi Murayama  Japan Prime Minister (1994–1996) 3 March 1924 98 years, 117 days 2021-07-11[4]
5 Jimmy Carter  United States President (1977–1981) 1 October 1924 97 years, 270 days 2022-02-24[5]
6 Lubomír Štrougal  Czechoslovakia Prime Minister (1970–1988) 19 October 1924 97 years, 252 days 2020-09-24[6]
7 Guillermo Rodríguez  Ecuador President (1972–1976) 4 November 1924 97 years, 236 days 2020-02-27[7]
8 Ali Hassan Mwinyi  Tanzania President (1985–1995)
National Chairman of the Chama Cha Mapinduzi (1990–1992)
8 May 1925 97 years, 51 days 2021-05-09[8]
9 Giorgio Napolitano  Italy President (2006–2015) 29 June 1925 96 years, 364 days 2022-03-04[9]
10 Mahathir Mohamad  Malaysia Prime Minister (1981–2003; 2018–2020) 10 July 1925 96 years, 353 days 2022-01-23[10]
11 Mohammad Hasan Sharq  Afghanistan Chairman of the Council of Ministers (1988–1989) 17 July 1925 96 years, 346 days 2016-08-30[11]
12 Arnaldo Forlani  Italy Prime Minister (1980–1981) 8 December 1925 96 years, 202 days 2021-12-09[12]
13 Abdelsalam Majali  Jordan Prime Minister (1993–1995; 1997–1998) 18 February 1926 96 years, 130 days 2021-02-03[13]
14 Elizabeth II  United Kingdom Queen (1952–present)[lower-greek 1] 21 April 1926 96 years, 68 days 2022-02-06[14]
15 Abdoulaye Wade  Senegal President (2000–2012) 29 May 1926 96 years, 30 days 2021-10-06[15]
16 Jiang Zemin  China General Secretary of the Communist Party (1989–2002)
President (1993–2003)
17 August 1926 95 years, 315 days 2021-08-17[16]
17 Valdas Adamkus  Lithuania President (1998–2003; 2004–2009) 3 November 1926 95 years, 237 days 2021-11-03[17]
18 Raif Dizdarević  Yugoslavia President of the Presidency (1988–1989) 9 December 1926 95 years, 201 days 2021-03-26[18]
19 Thanin Kraivichien  Thailand Prime Minister (1976–1977) 5 April 1927 95 years, 84 days 2020-12-05[19]
20 Benedict XVI   Vatican City Pope and Sovereign (2005–2013) 16 April 1927 95 years, 73 days 2021-10-21[20]
21 Hans Modrow  East Germany Chairman of the Council of Ministers (1989–1990) 27 January 1928 94 years, 152 days 2022-01-25[21]
22 Kim Yong-nam  North Korea Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly (1998–2019) 4 February 1928 94 years, 144 days 2021-01-11[22]
23 Fidel Ramos  Philippines President (1992–1998) 18 March 1928 94 years, 102 days 2022-03-18[23]
24 Arnold Rüütel  Estonia Chairman of the Supreme Council (1991–1992)
President (2001–2006)
10 May 1928 94 years, 49 days 2021-08-21[24]
25 Arthur Foulkes  Bahamas Governor-General (2010–2014) 11 May 1928 94 years, 48 days 2021-02-24[25]
26 Balakh Sher Mazari  Pakistan Acting Prime Minister (1993) 8 July 1928 93 years, 355 days 2019-04-25[26]
27 Péter Boross  Hungary Prime Minister (1993–1994) 27 August 1928 93 years, 305 days 2020-10-26[27]
28 Zhu Rongji  China Premier of the State Council (1998–2003) 23 October 1928 93 years, 248 days 2020-10-24[28]
29 Édouard Balladur  France Prime Minister (1993–1995) 2 May 1929 93 years, 57 days 2020-10-24[29]
30 Sam Nujoma  Namibia President (1990–2005) 12 May 1929 93 years, 47 days 2021-10-18[30]
31 Orville Turnquest  Bahamas Governor-General (1995–2001) 19 July 1929 92 years, 344 days 2021-02-21[31]
32 Jamshid bin Abdullah  Zanzibar Sultan (1963–1964) 16 September 1929 92 years, 285 days 2020-09-16[32]
33 Nikolai Ryzhkov  Soviet Union Chairman of the Council of Ministers (1985–1991) 28 September 1929 92 years, 273 days 2021-09-28[33]
34 Violeta Chamorro  Nicaragua Member of the Junta of National Reconstruction (1979–1980)
President (1990–1997)
18 October 1929 92 years, 253 days 2021-10-30[34]
35 Gombojavyn Ochirbat  Mongolia General Secretary of the People's Revolutionary Party (1990) 15 November 1929 92 years, 225 days 2021-12-06[35]
36 Alfred Moisiu  Albania President (2002–2007) 1 December 1929 92 years, 209 days 2021-02-21[36]
37 Selim Hoss  Lebanon Prime Minister (1976–1980; 1987–1990; 1998–2000)
Acting President (1988–1989; 1989)
20 December 1929 92 years, 190 days 2020-11-17[37]
Lee Hyun-jae  South Korea Prime Minister (1988) 2021-10-28[38]
Milan Panić  Yugoslavia Federal Prime Minister (1992–1993) 2020-10-28[39]
48 Efraín Goldenberg  Peru Prime Minister (1994–1995) 28 December 1929 92 years, 182 days 2018-03-02[40]
41 Ahmed Osman  Morocco Prime Minister (1972–1979) 3 January 1930 92 years, 176 days 2020-06-02[41]
42 Ion Iliescu  Romania Chairman of the National Salvation Front Council (1989–1990)
President of the Provisional National Unity Council (1990)
President (1990–1996; 2000–2004)
3 March 1930 92 years, 117 days 2021-09-29[42]
43 Vigdís Finnbogadóttir  Iceland President (1980–1996) 15 April 1930 92 years, 74 days 2021-10-01[43]
44 José Sarney  Brazil President (1985–1990) 24 April 1930 92 years, 65 days 2021-06-25[44]
45 Kesang Choden  Bhutan Regent (1972) 21 May 1930 92 years, 38 days 2020-05-20[45]
46 Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada  Bolivia President (1993–1997; 2002–2003) 1 July 1930 91 years, 362 days 2021-04-08[46]
47 Albert Ndele  Congo-Léopoldville Chairman of the College of Commissioners-General (1960) 15 August 1930 91 years, 317 days 2021-06-07[47]
48 Ivy Dumont  Bahamas Acting Governor-General (2001–2002)
Governor-General (2002–2005)
2 October 1930 91 years, 269 days 2021-03-08[48]
49 Ivan Silayev  Soviet Union Chairman of the Committee
on the Operational Management of the Economy
(1991)
Chairman of the Inter-republican Economic Committee (1991)[lower-greek 2]
21 October 1930 91 years, 250 days 2020-11-20[49]
50 Mabandla Dlamini  Swaziland Prime Minister (1979–1983) 11 November 1930 91 years, 229 days 2019-02-09[50]
51 Choe Yong-rim  North Korea Premier (2010–2013) 20 November 1930 91 years, 220 days 2021-07-27[51]
52 Cesar Virata  Philippines Prime Minister (1981–1986) 12 December 1930 91 years, 198 days 2020-04-15[52]
53 William Deane  Australia Governor-General (1996–2001) 4 January 1931 91 years, 175 days 2021-12-10[53]
Cleopa Msuya  Tanzania Prime Minister (1980–1983; 1994–1995) 2021-04-21[54]
55 Philip Greaves  Barbados Acting Governor-General (2017–2018) 19 January 1931 91 years, 160 days 2021-07-29[55]
56 Dries van Agt  Netherlands Prime Minister (1977–1982) 2 February 1931 91 years, 146 days 2021-06-21[56]
57 Isabel Perón  Argentina President (1974–1976) 4 February 1931 91 years, 144 days 2021-01-30[57]
58 Lamberto Dini  Italy Prime Minister (1995–1996) 1 March 1931 91 years, 119 days 2021-11-07[58]
59 Mikhail Gorbachev  Soviet Union General Secretary of the Communist Party (1985–1991)
Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet (1988–1989)
Chairman of the Supreme Soviet (1989–1990)
President (1990–1991)
2 March 1931 91 years, 118 days 2021-08-17[59]
60 Elliott Belgrave  Barbados Acting Governor-General (2011–2012)
Governor-General (2012–2017)
16 March 1931 91 years, 104 days 2018-03-16[60]
61 Jean-Jacques Honorat  Haiti Prime Minister (1991–1992) 1 April 1931 91 years, 88 days 2021-11-13[61]
62 George Vassiliou  Cyprus President (1988–1993) 20 May 1931 91 years, 39 days 2020-11-15[62]
63 Raúl Castro  Cuba President of the Council of State (2006–2018)
President of the Council of Ministers (2006–2018)
First Secretary of the Communist Party (2011–2021)
3 June 1931 91 years, 25 days 2021-10-14[63]
64 Fernando Henrique Cardoso  Brazil President (1995–2002) 18 June 1931 91 years, 10 days 2021-11-08[64]
65 Khieu Samphan Template:Country data Democratic Kampuchea Acting Prime Minister (1976)
Chairman of the State Presidium (1976–1979)
28 July 1931 90 years, 335 days 2021-07-28[65]
66 Pié Masumbuko  Burundi Acting Prime Minister (1965) 29 September 1931 90 years, 272 days 2019-05-18[66]
67 Michael Hardie Boys  New Zealand Governor-General (1996–2001) 6 October 1931 90 years, 265 days 2016[67]
68 Muhammad Jamiruddin Sircar  Bangladesh Acting President (2002) 1 December 1931 90 years, 209 days 2021-02-08[68]
69 Javier Valle Riestra  Peru Prime Minister (1998) 5 January 1932 90 years, 174 days 2021-10-05[69]
70 Edmund Lawrence  Saint Kitts and Nevis Governor-General (2013–2015) 14 February 1932 90 years, 134 days 2019-07-11[70]
71 Tang Fei  Taiwan President of the Executive Yuan (2000) 15 March 1932 90 years, 105 days 2021-01-17[71]
72 Chavalit Yongchaiyudh  Thailand Prime Minister (1996–1997) 15 May 1932 90 years, 44 days 2020-11-03[72]
73 Marguerite Pindling  Bahamas Governor-General (2014–2019) 26 June 1932 90 years, 2 days 2021-03-02[73]
74 Anand Panyarachun  Thailand Prime Minister (1991–1992; 1992) 9 August 1932 89 years, 323 days 2020-11-03[72]
75 Sirikit Regent (1956) 12 August 1932 89 years, 320 days 2021-08-12[74]
76 Gavril Dejeu  Romania Acting Prime Minister (1998) 11 September 1932 89 years, 290 days 2020-12-11[75]
77 Manmohan Singh  India Prime Minister (2004–2014) 26 September 1932 89 years, 275 days 2021-10-13[76]
78 Vytautas Landsbergis  Lithuania Chairman of the Supreme Council (1991–1992) 18 October 1932 89 years, 253 days 2021-10-01[77]
79 Vitold Fokin  Ukraine Prime Minister (1991–1992) 25 October 1932 89 years, 246 days 2020-08-18[78]
80 A. Q. M. Badruddoza Chowdhury  Bangladesh President (2001–2002) 1 November 1932 89 years, 239 days 2020-08-14[79]
81 Ugo Mifsud Bonnici  Malta President (1994–1999) 8 November 1932 89 years, 232 days 2021-06-10[80]
82 Colville Young  Belize Governor-General (1993–2021) 20 November 1932 89 years, 220 days 2021-05-01[81]
Kim Suk-soo  South Korea Prime Minister (2002–2003) 2021-11-17[82]
84 Bill Hayden  Australia Governor-General (1989–1996) 23 January 1933 89 years, 156 days 2019-05-10[83]
85 Paul Biya  Cameroon Prime Minister (1975–1982)
President (1982–present)
13 February 1933 89 years, 135 days 2022-02-14[84]
86 Mark Eyskens  Belgium Prime Minister (1981) 29 April 1933 89 years, 60 days 2021-01-15[85]
87 H. D. Deve Gowda  India Prime Minister (1996–1997) 18 May 1933 89 years, 41 days 2022-01-22[86]
88 Basdeo Panday  Trinidad and Tobago Prime Minister (1995–2001) 25 May 1933 89 years, 34 days 2021-05-25[87]
89 Hüsamettin Cindoruk  Turkey Acting President (1993) 8 June 1933 89 years, 20 days 2021-12-11[88]
90 Fouad Mebazaa  Tunisia Acting President (2011) 15 June 1933 89 years, 13 days 2021-09-17[89]
91 Dumaagiin Sodnom  Mongolia Chairman of the Council of Ministers (1984–1990) 14 July 1933 88 years, 349 days 2021-01-04[90]
92 Karmenu Mifsud Bonnici  Malta Prime Minister (1984–1987) 17 July 1933 88 years, 346 days 2020-02-03[91]
93 Suchinda Kraprayoon  Thailand Prime Minister (1992) 6 August 1933 88 years, 326 days 2019-03-24[92]
94 Rubén Darío Paredes  Panama Commander of the National Guard (1982–1983) 11 August 1933 88 years, 321 days 2017-06-13[93]
95 Arnold Koller   Switzerland Federal Council Member (1986–1999)
President (1990; 1997)
29 August 1933 88 years, 303 days 2021-04-06[94]
96 Mátyás Szűrös  Hungary Provisional President (1989–1990) 11 September 1933 88 years, 290 days 2021-03-15[95]
Rachid Sfar  Tunisia Prime Minister (1986–1987) 2018-12-02[96]
98 Michel Aoun  Lebanon President (2016–present)[lower-greek 3] 30 September 1933 88 years, 271 days 2021-12-25[97]
99 Abel Pacheco  Costa Rica President (2002–2006) 22 December 1933 88 years, 188 days 2016-09-28[98]
100 Akihito  Japan Emperor (1989–2019) 23 December 1933 88 years, 187 days 2021-12-23[99]

Addendum[change | change source]

Uncertain date of birth[change | change source]

Name State Position Birth Age Living as of
The following individuals might be older than #100–69 on this list, but their exact date of birth is uncertain.
Abdul Rauf al-Kasm  Syria Prime Minister (1980–1987) 1932 89 years, 179 days to
90 years, 178 days
2020-01-29[100]
Than Shwe  Myanmar Head of State (1992–2011)
Prime Minister (1992–2003)
Chairman of the Union Solidarity and Development Association (1993–2011)
2 February 1933 or
3 May 1935
89 years, 146 days or
87 years, 56 days
2021-08-13[101]

Unclear status as state leaders[change | change source]

Name State Position Birth Age Living as of
The following individuals are older than #68–1 on this list, but their status as a state leader is unclear.[lower-greek 4]
Josip Manolić  Croatia Prime Minister (1990–1991) 22 March 1920 102 years, 98 days 2021-08-26[102]
César Yanes Urías  El Salvador Member of the Junta of Government (1960–1961) 25 April 1920 102 years, 64 days 2018-10-11[103]
Nicola Mancino  Italy President of the Senate acting as head of state (1999) 15 October 1931 90 years, 256 days 2021-10-15[104]

Uncertain Date of Birth[change | change source]

Name State Position Birth Age Living as of
The following individual might be older than #100–53 on this list, however his exact date of birth is uncertain and his status as a state leader is unclear.[lower-greek 5]
Waldo Bernal Pereira [es]  Bolivia Member of the Junta of Commanders of the Armed Forces (1980)
Member of the Junta of Commanders of the Armed Forces (1981)
1931 or 1934 90 years, 179 days to
91 years, 178 days, or
87 years, 179 days to
88 years, 178 days
2018-04-30[105]

Related pages[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]

  • United Nations—a list of heads of state, heads of government, and foreign ministers
  • WorldStatesmen—an online encyclopedia of the leaders of nations and territories

Notes[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 In 1952, Princess Elizabeth acceded as the monarch of seven Commonwealth realms. She currently reigns as Queen of 15 sovereign states including the United Kingdom. From 1957 to 1983, most of her British colonies attained independence, and some joined the other realms in different years; most states ceased to be a realm upon becoming republics.
  2. The office of Chairman of the Committee on the Operational Management of the Soviet Economy existed from 28 August 1991 to 25 December 1991. The office of Chairman of the Inter-republican Economic Committee existed from 5 September 1991 to 26 December 1991. On 28 August 1991 a resolution passed by the Supreme Soviet of the USSR temporarily gave the COMSE the same authority as the Cabinet of Ministers, and Silayev became the Soviet Union's de facto Premier.
  3. Aoun was the disputed Prime Minister of Lebanon from 1988–1990, and simultaneously also the disputed acting President.
  4. They were either members of collective presidencies without a clear leader, interim leaders, de facto leaders, widely recognised leaders whose true power was limited or leaders of political entities whose status as sovereign states was unclear or disputed.
  5. The Juntas of Commanders of the Armed Forces were interim collective presidencies without a clear leader.

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