List of presidents of Czechoslovakia

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President of Czechoslovakia
Czech: Prezident Československa
Slovak: Prezident Česko-Slovenska
Flag of the President of Czechoslovakia (1918-1939, 1945-1960).svg
StyleHis Excellency
ResidencePrague Castle
Bratislava Castle
(1969–92)
AppointerFederal Assembly
Formation14 November 1918
First holderTomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Final holderVáclav Havel
Abolished31 December 1992
SuccessionCzech Republic Václav Havel
Slovakia Michal Kováč

The President of Czechoslovakia (Czech: Prezident Československa, Slovak: Prezident Česko-Slovenska) was the head of state of Czechoslovakia, from the creation of the First Czechoslovak Republic in 1918 until the dissolution of the Czech and Slovak Federative Republic in 1992.

General Secretaries of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (1948–1989)[change | change source]

Except for the final office-holder, they each held a strong executive power in the country de facto. Title: Chairman (1948–1953) and First Secretary (1953–1971).

No. Portrait Name Lifespan Ethnicity Took office Left office
1 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-R90009, Budapest, II. Weltfestspiele, Festumzug, tschechische Delegation (cropped KG).jpg Klement Gottwald 1896–1953 Czech February 1948 14 March 1953
2 Antonín Novotný 1968.jpg Antonín Novotný 1904–1975 Czech 14 March 1953 5 January 1968
3 Dubcek.jpg Alexander Dubček 1921–1992 Slovak 5 January 1968 17 April 1969
4 Gustáv Husák - oříznuto.JPG Gustáv Husák 1913–1991 Slovak 17 April 1969 17 December 1987
5 M Jakeš Praha 2014.JPG Miloš Jakeš 1922–2020 Czech 17 December 1987 24 November 1989
6 No image.png Karel Urbánek 1941– Czech 24 November 1989 20 December 1989

Timeline[change | change source]

Václav HavelGustáv HusákLudvík SvobodaAntonín NovotnýAntonín ZápotockýKlement GottwaldEdvard BenešEmil HáchaEdvard BenešTomáš Garrigue Masaryk