List of presidents of Madagascar

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President of the
Republic of Madagascar
Presidential Standard of Madagascar.svg
Presidential Standard
Andry Rajoelina portrait UN.jpg
Incumbent
Andry Rajoelina

since 19 January 2019
StyleMr. President
(informal)

The Honourable
(formal)

His Excellency
(formal, diplomatic or international correspondence)
ResidenceIavoloha Palace
Term length5 years
Inaugural holderPhilibert Tsiranana
Formation1 May 1959

This is a list of presidents of Madagascar, since the creation of the office of President in 1959, during the Malagasy Republic.

List[change | change source]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Term of office Political party Prime Minister(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
Malagasy Republic (within the French Community)
Philibert Tsiranana 1962-08-29.jpg Philibert Tsiranana
(1912–1978)
1 May 1959 26 June 1960 1 year, 56 days PSD Position abolished
Malagasy Republic (independent country)
(1) Philibert Tsiranana 1962-08-29.jpg Philibert Tsiranana
(1912–1978)
1965
1972
26 June 1960 11 October 1972
(resigned.)[a]
12 years, 107 days PSD Ramanantsoa
2 Gabriel Ramanantsoa 1961-07-31.jpg Gabriel Ramanantsoa
(1906–1979)[b]
1972
(referendum)
11 October 1972 5 February 1975
(resigned.)
2 years, 117 days Military Himself
No image.png Richard Ratsimandrava
(1931–1975)[b]
5 February 1975 11 February 1975
(assassinated.)
6 days Military Position abolished
No image.png Gilles Andriamahazo
(1919–1989)[c]
12 February 1975 15 June 1975 123 days Military
Didier Ratsiraka (cropped).jpg Didier Ratsiraka
(1936–)[d]
15 June 1975 30 December 1975 198 days Military
Democratic Republic of Madagascar
3 Didier Ratsiraka (cropped).jpg Didier Ratsiraka
(1936–)[e]
1982
1989
30 December 1975 12 January 1992 16 years, 13 days Military /
AREMA
Rakotomalala
Rakotoniaina
Rakotoarijaona
Ramahatra
Razanamasy
Third Republic of Madagascar
(3) Didier Ratsiraka (cropped).jpg Didier Ratsiraka
(1936–)
12 January 1992 27 March 1993 1 year, 74 days AREMA Razanamasy
4 President Albert Zafy.jpg Albert Zafy
(1927–2017)
1992–93 27 March 1993 5 September 1996
(resigned.)
3 years, 162 days UNDD Razanamasy
Ravony
Rakotovahiny
Ratsirahonana
No image.png Norbert Ratsirahonana
(1938–)
5 September 1996 9 February 1997 157 days AVI Himself
(3) Didier Ratsiraka (cropped).jpg Didier Ratsiraka
(1936–)
1996 9 February 1997 (25 February 2002)[f]
15 July 2002
5 years, 146 days AREMA Ratsirahonana
Rakotomavo
Andrianarivo
Rasolondraibe
5 Marc Ravalomanana 2005-04-19.jpg Marc Ravalomanana
(1949–)
2001
2006
(22 February 2002)[g]
15 July 2002
17 March 2009
(deposed.)
6 years, 255 days TIM Sylla
Rabemananjara
No image.png Hyppolite Ramaroson
(1951–)[h]
17 March 2009 Several hours Military Position vacant
High Transitional Authority
Andry Rajoelina portrait UN.jpg Andry Rajoelina
(1974–)
(7 February 2009)
17 March 2009
25 January 2014 4 years, 314 days TGV Roindefo
Mangalaza
Manorohanta
Vital
Beriziky
Fourth Republic of Madagascar
6 Hery Rajaonarimampianina 2014.jpg Hery Rajaonarimampianina
(1958–)
2013 25 January 2014 7 September 2018 4 years, 225 days HVM Beriziky
Kolo
Ranelonarivo
Solonandrasana
Ntsay
No image.png Rivo Rakotovao
(1960–)
7 September 2018 19 January 2019 134 days HVM Ntsay
7 Andry Rajoelina portrait UN.jpg Andry Rajoelina
(1974–)
2018 19 January 2019 Incumbent 1 year, 267 days TGV Ntsay

References[change | change source]

  1. Stepped down amidst massive political protests, and handed over power to the military (after the referendum on military rule).
  2. 2.0 2.1 Styled as Head of State.
  3. Styled as Chairman of the National Military Leadership Committee.
  4. Styled as Chairman of the Supreme Revolutionary Council.
  5. Styled as Chairman of the Supreme Revolutionary Council until 4 January 1976.
  6. Based in Toamasina.
  7. Based in Antananarivo.
  8. Styled as Head of Military Directorate.