List of scientists
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This is a list of noted scientists ordered by nationality.
Afghanistan[change | change source]
- Ashraf Ghani, President of Afghanistan (as of 2017); he is a scientist in the field of Anthropology
- Abdul Karim Mustaghni, was Defense Minister of Afghanistan; died in 2004
Albania[change | change source]
Argentina[change | change source]
Armenia[change | change source]
- Boris Babaian - he got the awards (from the Soviet Union): the USSR State Prize for his achievements in 1974 in the field of computer-aided design, and the Lenin Prize in 1987 for the Elbrus-2 supercomputer design. Since 1984, he has been a corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Sciences (later - Russian Academy of Sciences)
Australia[change | change source]
- Peter C. Doherty - he got the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine; his fields of science are Medicine and veterinary science.
- Peter Gavin Hall, one of only three researchers based outside of North America to win the COPSS presidents' Award; Mathematics, statistics; died in 2016
Austria[change | change source]
- Peter M. Gruber, Fellow of the American Mathematical Society, for "contributions to the geometry of numbers and to convex and discrete geometry"; Geometric number theory, and convex and discrete geometry; died in 2017
Azerbaijan[change | change source]
- Lotfi A. Zadeh - pioneer (or one of the earliest scientists) of fuzzy logic; computer scientist, electrical engineer, mathematician; d. in 2017
Bangladesh[change | change source]
- Muhammed Zafar Iqbal - he has a Bangladesh National Film Awards for Best Story; he is a scholar of engineering and computer science.
Belarusia[change | change source]
- Lev Vygotsky, credited for starting the concept, zone of proximal development, or ZPD, which is the difference between what a learner can do without help and what he or she cannot do; Psychology; died in 1934
Belize[change | change source]
- Janet Gibson - she got the Goldman Environmental Prize in 1990; she is a zoologist (and therefore also a biologist).
- Andrea Gill - she is a former president of the Senate of Belize; biologist
Bermuda[change | change source]
- Louis L. Mowbray - he successfully bred the first Galapagos tortoises and Galapagos penguins in captivity; he was a naturalist and an ornithologist; death in 1952
- David B. Wingate (He got the awards, the Queen’s Honours (UK); and (UN's) Global 500 Award)
Bolivia[change | change source]
Bosnia and Herzegovina[change | change source]
- Alojz Benac - became a corresponding member of the Yugoslav/Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts; Archeology; died in 1992.
Brazil[change | change source]
- Fernando Henrique Cardoso, sociologist and former President
- Adib Jatene, was Minister of Health; heart surgeon; died in 2014
- Warwick Estevam Kerr, is a member of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences, Foreign Associate of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, and of the Third World Academy of Sciences; member of the National Order of Scientific Merit; Genetics, Biology, Agronomy, Entomology
- Fritz Müller, known for Müllerian mimicry; Evolutionary biology; died in 1897
Bulgaria[change | change source]
- Lyubomir Ivanov, got the award, Acad. Nikola Obreshkov Prize, the highest Bulgarian award in mathematics.; Linguistics, Mathematics
China[change | change source]
- Xu Guangxian, was president of the Chinese Chemical Society; Chemistry; died in 2015
- Zhang Heng, made the first seismometer; Astronomy, engineering, meteorology, geology, philosophy, and mathematics; died in 139 A.D.
Croatia[change | change source]
- Roger Joseph Boscovich, maker of a precursor of atomic theory; made the first geometric procedure for finding out the equator of a rotating planet from three observations of a surface feature and for computing the orbit of a planet from three observations of its position; discoverer of the absence of atmosphere on the Moon; he was from a city in what later became Croatia; died in 1787
Cuba[change | change source]
Czechia[change | change source]
Egypt[change | change source]
- Ibrahim Abouleish, founder of SEKEM - an organization for biodynamic farming methods; got the Right Livelihood Award; Pharmacology; died in 2017
- Boutros Boutros-Ghali, was United Nations Secretary-General; a leading figure in the peace process between Egypt and Israel; Law; died in 2016
- Mamdouh Eldamaty, is a former Minister of Antiquities; Egyptology
- Euclid of Alexandria, known for Euclidean geometry, Euclid's Elements, Euclidean algorithm; died in the middle of 3rd century BC
Estonia[change | change source]
- Karl Ernst von Baer, Embryology (within Biology); died in 1876
- Madis Kõiv - he got the award, the Tuglas short story award; physicist, writer and philosopher; died in 2014
Fiji[change | change source]
France[change | change source]
- Jacqueline Naze Tjøtta, the first female mathematical sciences professor in Norway; Applied mathematics, she died in 2017
- Sophie Germain
Georgia[change | change source]
- Tamaz V. Gamkrelidze - a former member of the Parliament of Georgia; he is an assyriologist (and therefore a linguist)
- Jamshid Giunashvili - he was a linguist (Iranologist); died in 2017
Germany[change | change source]
Great Britain[change | change source]
England[change | change source]
- Charles Babbage, credited with inventing the first mechanical computer (or analytical engine); died in 1871
- Alan Turing, he was important in the development of theoretical computer science, and is known for the Turing machine, which can be considered a model of a general purpose computer; died in 1954
Greece[change | change source]
Guatemala[change | change source]
- Ricardo Bressani, one of the 42 founding members of the Third World Academy of Sciences, later known as The World Academy of Sciences; Biochemistry, Nutrition; died in 2015
Guyana[change | change source]
- Opendra Narayan - he is known for engineering a type of HIV that could cause AIDS-like disease in monkeys; the veterinarian died in 2007
Haiti[change | change source]
- Jean-Baptiste Chavannes - he got the Goldman Environmental Prize for his work on forest protection; he is an agronomist.
Honduras[change | change source]
- Julieta Castellanos - she has the award, the International Women of Courage Award from the U.S. State Department.
Hungary[change | change source]
- János Bolyai, one of the founders of non-Euclidean geometry — a geometry that differs from Euclidean geometry in its definition of parallel lines; Mathematics; died in 1860
- Paul Erdős, published around 1,500 mathematical papers during his lifetime, a figure that remains unsurpassed; died 1996
Iceland[change | change source]
India[change | change source]
- Satyendra Nath Bose, known for Bose–Einstein condensate and Bose–Einstein statistics; Mathematics, Physics; died in 1974
- Srinivasa Ramanujan, known for Landau–Ramanujan constant, Mock theta functions, Ramanujan conjecture, Ramanujan prime, Ramanujan–Soldner constant, Ramanujan theta function, Ramanujan's sum, Rogers–Ramanujan identities, Ramanujan's master theorem; Fellow of the Royal Society; Mathematics; died in 1920
Indonesia[change | change source]
Iran[change | change source]
Italy[change | change source]
- Gerolamo Cardano, he invented - partially - the gimbal consisting of three concentric rings allowing a supported compass or gyroscope to rotate freely, and the Cardan shaft; died in 1576
Japan[change | change source]
- Masaaki Sugihara - former professor at the University of Tokyo
- Masao Iri
- Masatake Mori
- Motoo Kimura, and one other, introduced [or where the first to present] the neutral theory of molecular evolution; Population geneticis, Evolutionary biology; died in 1994
- Ryogo Hirota - former professor at Waseda University
- Shinichi Oishi
Kazakhstan[change | change source]
- Askar Dzhumadildayev - member of the Kazakhstan National Academy of Science. He is a former member of Supreme Council of Kazakh SSR and Republic of Kazakhstan; he is a mathematician and physicist.
Kenya[change | change source]
Kosovo[change | change source]
Kyrgyzstan[change | change source]
Laos[change | change source]
Latvia[change | change source]
- Rūsiņš Mārtiņš Freivalds, discovered Freivalds' algorithm for checking the correctness of matrix products; Theoretical computer science; died in 2016
Macedonia[change | change source]
Morocco[change | change source]
- Ibn Ghazi al-Miknasi, wrote Meknes's history and a commentary to the treatise of Ibn al-Banna; a work that explained the mentioned work, was named ["The desire of students for an explanation of the calculator's craving"] Bughyat al-tulab fi sharh munyat al-hussab (including, arithmetic and algebraic methods). Mathematics, linguistics; died in 1513
Nepal[change | change source]
- Kumud Dhital - he is one of the members of the team that first transplanted a heart donated after circulatory death (DCD), where the heart has stopped beating; he is a surgeon.
New Zealand[change | change source]
- Nancy Adams, got the awards, Queen's Service Order, and the New Zealand 1990 Commemoration Medal. Botany; died in 2007
- Margaret Cruickshank, the first registered woman doctor in New Zealand; died in 1918
- Fred Hollows; Medicine, surgery, ophthalmology; died in 1993
- Ernest Rutherford - he got the Nobel Prize in Chemistry; nuclear physicist, and chemist; he died in 1937
- Pat Suggate, creator of the "Suggate rank scheme", which is used internationally by oil exploration companies to measure the oil and gas potential of sedimentary rocks; fellowship at Royal Society of New Zealand; died in 2016
- Maurice Wilkins, got the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine; his fields were Physics, Molecular biology; died in 2004
North Korea[change | change source]
Norway[change | change source]
- Niels Henrik Abel, did the first complete proof demonstrating the impossibility of solving the general quintic equation (en) in radicals; died in 1829 
Philippines[change | change source]
Romania[change | change source]
- Ion Creangă - he wrote books, including Childhood Memories; the education theorist died in 1889
- Solomon Marcus, recognised as an initiator of (, or one of the people that started) mathematical linguistics, and mathematical poetics; also a semiotician, he died in 2016
- George Emil Palade - he and two others got one Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine; the cell biologist died in 2008.
- Ion Heliade Rădulescu - the first president of the Romanian Academy; the linguist died in 1802
- Codrin Țapu - known as a writer about hypostatic approach to personality, and hypostatic abstraction" (en); he is a psychologist
Russia[change | change source]
Solomon Islands[change | change source]
- Hikuna Judge, collected the first known sample of the Vangunu giant rat; Tyrone Lavery and Judge gave the first species description (for the Vangunu giant rat)
Spain[change | change source]
- Santiago Ramón y Cajal - Spanish scientist
South Korea[change | change source]
- Yanghee Choi - he is a former minister of Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning; he is a computer scientist.
Switzerland[change | change source]
- Leonhard Euler, was the first to show the notion of (or idea about), a mathematical function; died in 1783
Syria[change | change source]
- Al-Battani, known for showing several relations within trigonometry; he lived and worked in a city that now belongs to Syria; died in 929
Thailand[change | change source]
- Phraya Anuman Ratchathon - he was the first Thai scholar to conduct a serious study of Thai folkloristics, taking notes on the nocturnal village spirits of Thai folklore; the anthropologist and ethnographer died in 1969
Tunisia[change | change source]
- Abbas Bahri, introduced the method of the critical points at infinity, which is a fundamental step in the calculus of variations; Mathematics, Variational analysis; died in 2016
Turkey[change | change source]
- Feza Gürsey, took part in the formulation of E(6) grand unified theories; Mathematical physics; died in 1992
Ukraine[change | change source]
- Kostiantyn Sytnyk - he was a Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada (a parliament) of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic; Botany; he died in 2017
United States[change | change source]
- Thomas Edison - he and his workers made "the first practical incandescent light bulb"; died in 1931
- Benjamin Franklin, President of Pennsylvania, died in 1790
Vietnam[change | change source]
- Ngô Bảo Châu - best known for proving the fundamental lemma for automorphic forms (en). He is the first Vietnamese national to have received the Fields Medal; mathematician
Related pages[change | change source]
- List of scientists from Africa
- List of scientists from Asia
- List of scientists from Europe
- List of scientists from North America
- List of scientists from Oceania
- List of scientists from South America
- List of astronomers
- List of astrophysicists
- List of biologists
- List of ecologists
- List of neuroscientists
- List of mathematicians
- List of physicists
- List of women scientists
References[change | change source]
- "Elbrus E2K". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2017-09-17.
- Boris A. Babayan Intel Fellow, Software and Solutions Group. Director, Architecture
- "Бабаян Борис Арташесович на IT-VIP". www.it-vip.ru.
- "Babayan receives Intel Fellow title (in Russian)". Archived from the original on 2007-09-29. Retrieved 2021-01-23.
- The Elbrus-2: a Soviet-era high performance computer – history of the Elbrus project with an 18-minute video interview from the Computer History Museum oral history collection
- "25 Famous Australian Scientists and their Contributions".
- 2014 Class of the Fellows of the AMS, American Mathematical Society. Retrieved 2013-11-04.
- "Peter M. Gruber – ein Nachruf". tuwien.ac.at. Retrieved 14 March 2017.
- Zong, Chuanming. "Geometry of Numbers in Vienna". The mathematical intelligencer. 31 (3): 25–31. doi:10.1007/s00283-009-9042-1.
- Zone of proximal development. (2009). In Penguin dictionary of psychology. Retrieved from Credo Reference database
- Stanlaw, J. (2005). Vygotsky, lev semenovich (1896--1934). In Encyclopedia of anthropology. Retrieved from Credo Reference Database
- "WCS Scientist Honored by Queen Elizabeth II > Newsroom". newsroom.wcs.org.
- "Senator Andrea Gill". Bemopan, Belize: National Assembly of Belize. 16 October 2008. Archived from the original on 16 September 2015. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
- "Dr David Wingate Bio Bermuda".
- "Conozca a los 12 candidatos de La Paz". Caracol Radio. 2006-06-27. Archived from the original on 2013-01-02. Retrieved 2011-06-03.
- "Evo elige nuevos mandos en la Aduana y Ministerio de Educación". BolPress. 2008-11-07. Retrieved 2011-06-03.
- "CIA World Leaders". Archived from the original on 2011-08-30. Retrieved 2017-09-17.
- "National Academy of Sciences". nas.nasonline.org.
- The Academician Nikola Obreshkov Prize for 1987
- Liao L, Li L, Zhao RC (June 2007). "Stem cell research in China". Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond., B, Biol. Sci. 362 (1482): 1107–12. doi:10.1098/rstb.2007.2037. PMC 2435574. PMID 17341453.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Энциклопедия для детей (астрономия). Москва: Аванта+. 1998. ISBN 978-5-89501-016-7.
- Berntsen, Jarle; Lunde, Per (16 March 2017). "Nekrolog: Jacqueline Andreè Naze Tjøtta". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). Retrieved 26 March 2017.
- "Georgian Academy of Sciences (GAS)". Archived from the original on 2013-10-22. Retrieved 2017-09-17.
- "ივანე ჯავახიშვილის სახელობის თბილისის სახელმწიფო უნივერსიტეტი". ივანე ჯავახიშვილის სახელობის თბილისის სახელმწიფო უნივერსიტეტი.
- Home Page of Tamaz Gamkrelidze (2015-07-05 not accessible)
- ფერეიიდანი, ჯემშიდ გიუნაშვილი - მეგობრობის მაცნე Archived 2015-04-02 at the Wayback Machine (in Georgian)
- Copeland, B. Jack (Dec 18, 2000). "The Modern History of Computing (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)". Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved 1 March 2017.
- Newman, M.H.A. (1948). ‘General Principles of the Design of All-Purpose Computing Machines’. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, series A, 195. pp. 271–274.
- Newman, M. H. A. (1955). "Alan Mathison Turing. 1912–1954". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 1: 253–263. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1955.0019. JSTOR 769256.
- Gray, Paul (29 March 1999). "Alan Turing – Time 100 People of the Century". Time. Archived from the original on 19 January 2011. Retrieved 17 September 2017.
Providing a blueprint for the electronic digital computer. The fact remains that everyone who taps at a keyboard, opening a spreadsheet or a word-processing program, is working on an incarnation of a Turing machine.
- Sipser 2006, p. 137 harvnb error: no target: CITEREFSipser2006 (help)
- Beavers 2013, p. 481 harvnb error: no target: CITEREFBeavers2013 (help)
- "TWAS's 42 Founding Members". The World Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 3 June 2016.
- "El país pierde a dos genios" (in Spanish). Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- Shilpa Buch, Barry T. Rouse, Howard E. Gendelman, M. Christine Zink and Janice E. Clements (January 2008). "Opendra "Bill" Narayan (1936–2007): A Personal Tribute to a Friend, Teacher, and Colleague". Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology. 3 (1): 1–4. doi:10.1007/s11481-008-9101-y.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- "Islands & Island Nations 2005 – Chavannes Jean-Baptiste – Haiti – Sustainable Development". The Goldman Environmental Prize. 2005. Archived from the original on 2008-09-30. Retrieved 2008-11-17.
- Demers, Peter (7 March 2013). "Security and Human Rights in Honduras: A Conversation with Julieta Castellanos". Inter-American Dialogue. Archived from the original on 16 March 2015. Retrieved 17 September 2017.
- According to "Facts about Erdös Numbers and the Collaboration Graph"., using the Mathematical Reviews data base, the next highest article count is roughly 823.
- Jerome Cardan: A Biographical Study. Dodo Press. January 2009. ISBN 9781409959595.
- Kimura, Motoo (1968). "Evolutionary rate at the molecular level" (– Scholar search). Nature. 217 (5129): 624–626. Bibcode:1968Natur.217..624K. doi:10.1038/217624a0. PMID 5637732.
- Nei, M. (1995). "Motoo Kimura (1924-1994)". Molecular Biology and Evolution. 12 (5): 719–722. PMID 7476119.
- INFORM.KZ. "Zhautykov and World Math Olympiads bring together most talented students: academician A.Dzhumadildayev". www.inform.kz.
- "51st IMO: Three gold, two silver medals - proof of domestic educational system's success".
- "ErrorPage". www.kbtu.kz. Archived from the original on 2018-04-29. Retrieved 2019-02-15.
- news.rs, Serbia world (19 February 2015). "CHRONOLOGY OF THE SERBIAN – ALBANIAN RELATIONSHIPS FROM THE BERLIN CONGRESS TO THE MARCH POGROM 2004".
- Kimbrough, Liz (2013-08-06). "Scientists discover new flying mammal in bushmeat market". Mongabay. Retrieved 2016-08-12.
- E. Levi-Provencal, Chorfa, p. 231
- Patterson, Robbie (24 October 2014). "World-first dead heart transplant at Sydney's St Vincent's Hospital a game changer". News.com.au. News Limited. Archived from the original on 29 October 2014. Retrieved 29 October 2014.
- Haines, Catharine (2001). International women in science: a biographical dictionary to 1950. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO. p. 2. ISBN 1-57607-090-5.
- Sherwood, Alan; Phillips, Jock (9 July 2013). "Coal and coal mining – the nature of coal". Te Ara: the Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 19 June 2016.
- Napp, Bernie (3 December 2001). "Age no barrier for geologist". Evening Post. p. 16.
- "The Biography of Niels Henrik Abel: His last years". www.abelprize.no.
- Encyclopaedia Unversalis (French), vol. 9, 1971, p. 1057-1059, and vol. 13, 1989, p. 837.
- Brokhaus Encyclopedie (German), XVIIth improved edition, vol. 12, MAI-MOS, Wiesbaden, 1971, p. 255-256.
- Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd edition, vol. 15, Macmillan, New York-London, 1977, p. 568-569.
- (in German) Eissa, Tina Louise (2011). Frage und erkenne (Ask and understand), LIT Verlag Münster, p. 118. ISBN 978-3-643-11266-8.
- Short, TL (1997) Hypostatic abstraction in self-consciousness, in Foster, P (ed.) The Rule of Reason: The Philosophy of Charles Sanders Peirce
- Goldman, Jason G. "Giant Tree-Dwelling, Coconut-Eating Rat Species Discovered". Scientific American.
- "Yanghee Choi - SNU Computer Science and Engineering". cse.snu.ac.kr.
- Dunham 1999, p. 17 harvnb error: no target: CITEREFDunham1999 (help)
- "Mahidol University – Literature". Archived from the original on 2002-11-23. Retrieved 2017-09-17.
- "Ghosts of Thai folklore". Archived from the original on 2013-11-01. Retrieved 2017-09-17.
- "Google". www.google.com.
- "Spirits". www.thaiworldview.com.
- "Movie poster showing Thai ghosts Krahang and Krasue with Count Dracula".
- "cockatoo.com - Diese Website steht zum Verkauf! - Informationen zum Thema cockatoo". www.cockatoo.com. no-break space character in
|title=at position 13 (help)
- Phya Anuman Rajadhon, Essays on Thai Folklore, Editions Duang Kamol, ISBN 974-210-345-3
- Phya Anuman Rajadhon, Chīwit Phra Sāraprasœt thī khāphačhao rūčhak, Ko̜tho̜mo. (i.e. Krung Thēp Mahā Nakhon) : Munnithi Sathīanrakōsēt Nākhaprathīp, 2532 
- "East by Southeast – Phaya Anuman Rajadhon". Archived from the original on 2011-10-05. Retrieved 2017-09-17.
- F. Gürsey, P. Ramond, P. Sikivie, A universal gauge theory model based on E6, Physics Letters B, Volume 60, Issue 2, 5 January 1976, Pages 177-180.
- Editors, History com. "Thomas Edison". HISTORY.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- Palermo, Elizabeth; August 16, Associate Editor; ET, 2017 10:02pm. "Who Invented the Light Bulb?". Live Science.
- "Benjamin Franklin's contributions to science". www.ushistory.org.
- New Scientist Mathematics 'Nobel' rewards boundary-busting work 19 August 2010 "Aside from Lindenstrauss, this year's winners were Ngô Bảo Châu of the University of Paris-South, France, Stanslav Smirnov of the University of Geneva, Switzerland, and Cédric Villani of the Henri Poincaré Institute, Paris, France."
- The Australian Mathematical Society Asia Pacific Mathematics Newsletter April 2011 (pdf) Archived 2017-03-03 at the Wayback Machine Interview "Vietnamese Mathematician Ngô Bἀo Châu - From A Mathematical Olympiad Medallist to A Fields Medallist" pp. 25–30
- Hàm Châu (2005-11-18). "Hiện tượng Ngô Bảo Châu". Tuổi trẻ Online. Retrieved 2011-10-09.
- K.Hưng (2005-12-29). "10 sự kiện khoa học — công nghệ nổi bật năm 2005". Tuổi trẻ Online. Retrieved 2010-12-19.
- Hạ Anh & Hương Giang, "GS Griffiths: 'Trong giới Toán học, anh Châu vẫn là người Việt'", Vietnamnet. Retrieved 2010-8-19.