Lists of state leaders by age

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Fuad II of Egypt 1952.jpg Prem Tinsulanonda (Cropped).jpg
Since 1900, the youngest serving state leader has been 192-day-old Fuad II of Egypt (left), while the oldest has been 96-year-old Thai regent Prem Tinsulanonda (right).

This article contains various lists of state leaders organized by age, defined as heads of state and/or heads of government. Typically this list includes presidents, prime ministers or monarchs. There are approximately 360 current leaders.

10 oldest currently serving state leaders[change | change source]

People currently serving as head of state, representative of a Head of State, and/or head of government. There are approximately 360 current leaders.

Leaders for life[change | change source]

Rank Name Born Age Position Assumed office
1 Elizabeth II (1926-04-21)21 April 1926 92 years, 178 days Queen of the United Kingdom and 15 other countries 1952
2 Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah (1929-06-16)16 June 1929 89 years, 122 days Emir of Kuwait 2006
3 Dame Marguerite Pindling (1932-06-26)26 June 1932 86 years, 112 days Governor-General of the Bahamas 2014
4 Sir Colville Young (1932-11-20)20 November 1932 85 years, 330 days Governor-General of Belize 1993
5 Akihito (1933-12-23)23 December 1933 84 years, 297 days Emperor of Japan 1989
6 Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (1935-12-31)31 December 1935 82 years, 289 days King of Saudi Arabia 2015
7 Sir Frederick Ballantyne (1936-07-05)5 July 1936 82 years, 103 days Governor-General of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2002
8 Pope Francis (1936-12-17)17 December 1936 81 years, 303 days Sovereign of the Vatican City 2013
9 Harald V (1937-02-21)21 February 1937 81 years, 237 days King of Norway 1991
10 Ali Khamenei (1939-04-19)19 April 1939 79 years, 180 days Supreme Leader of Iran 1989

Term-bounded leaders[change | change source]

Rank Name Born Age Position Assumed office
1 Mahathir Mohamad (1925-07-10)10 July 1925 93 years, 98 days Prime Minister of Malaysia 2018
2 Beji Caid Essebsi (1926-11-29)29 November 1926 91 years, 321 days President of Tunisia 2014
3 Kim Yong-nam (1928-02-04)4 February 1928 90 years, 254 days Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly of North Korea 1998
4 Raúl Castro (1931-06-03)3 June 1931 87 years, 135 days First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba 2008
5 Paul Biya (1933-02-13)13 February 1933 85 years, 245 days President of Cameroon 1982
6 Michel Aoun (1935-02-18)18 February 1935 83 years, 240 days President of Lebanon 2016
7 Mahmoud Abbas (1935-11-15)15 November 1935 82 years, 335 days President of Palestine 2005
8 Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa (1935-11-24)24 November 1935 82 years, 326 days Prime Minister of Bahrain 1970
9 Abdelaziz Bouteflika (1937-03-02)2 March 1937 81 years, 228 days President of Algeria 1999
10 Bounnhang Vorachith (1937-08-15)15 August 1937 81 years, 62 days President of Laos 2016

10 oldest state leaders (since 1945)[change | change source]

Age at the time they took office ordered oldest first.

Rank Name Position Age (when they took office)
1 Prem Tinsulanonda Regent of Thailand 96 years, 48 days
2 Mahathir Mohamad Prime Minister of Malaysia 92 years, 304 days
3 Beji Caid Essebsi President of Tunisia 88 years, 32 days
4 Sir Philip Greaves Governor-General of Barbados 86 years, 163 days
5 Josefa Iloilo President of Fiji 86 years, 6 days
6 Xenophon Zolotas Prime Minister of Greece 85 years, 211 days
7 Anerood Jugnauth Prime Minister of Mauritius 84 years, 263 days
8 Tuanku Abdul Halim Yang di-Pertuan Agong 84 years, 15 days
9 Shimon Peres President of Israel 83 years, 347 days
10 Girija Prasad Koirala Prime Minister of Nepal 83 years, 329 days

10 oldest ever serving state leaders[change | change source]

Leaders still serving are highlighted in italicized bold.

Leaders for life[change | change source]

Rank Name Position Last year in office
(reason term ended)
Age at end
1 Abdul Momin Sultan of Brunei 1885 (death) 99 years, 5 months (?)[1]
2 Enrico Dandolo Doge of Venice 1205 (death) 97 years, 4 months (?)[2]
3 Giovanni Paolo Lascaris Grand Master of the Knights Hospitaller 1657 (death) 97 years, 47 days
4 Prem Tinsulanonda Regent of Thailand 2016 (term ended) 96 years, 97 days
5 Nicolò da Ponte Doge of Venice 1585 (death) 94 years, 196 days
6 Malietoa Tanumafili II Malietoa of Samoa 2007 (death) 94 years, 127 days
7 Leo XIII Pope of the Holy See 1903 (death) 93 years, 140 days
8 Gustaf V King of Sweden 1950 (death) 92 years, 135 days
9 Elizabeth II Queen of the United Kingdom and 15 other countries Incumbent 92 years, 178 days
10 Manuel Pinto de Fonseca Grand Master of the Knights Hospitaller 1773 (death) 91 years, 244 days

Luitpold, Prince Regent of Bavaria (1821–1912) died in office at 91 years 275 days of age.

Term-bonded leaders[change | change source]

Rank Name Position Last year in office
(reason term ended)
Age at end
1 Hastings Banda President of Malawi 1994 (lost election) 96 years, 98 days
2 Robert Mugabe President of Zimbabwe 2017 (resignation) 93 years, 273 days
3 Mahathir Mohamad Prime Minister of Malaysia Incumbent 93 years, 98 days
4 Beji Caid Essebsi President of Tunisia Incumbent 91 years, 321 days
5 Tôn Đức Thắng President of Vietnam 1980 (death) 91 years, 223 days
6 Shimon Peres President of Israel 2014 (term ended) 90 years, 356 days
7 Eamon De Valera President of Ireland 1973 (term ended) 90 years, 253 days
8 Kim Yong-nam Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly of North Korea Incumbent 90 years, 254 days
9 Joaquin Balaguer President of the Dominican Republic 1996 (term ended) 89 years, 350 days
10 Giorgio Napolitano President of Italy 2015 (resignation) 89 years, 199 days

Longest lived state leaders[change | change source]

The following lists are the top ten all-time state leaders and the top ten living. For Top 100 lists see List of longest-living state leaders and List of the oldest living state leaders.

Top ten since 1800[change | change source]

Rank Name Position Birth Death Age
1 Chau Sen Cocsal Chhum Prime Minister of Cambodia (1962) 1905 2009 103 years, 143 days
2 Celâl Bayar Prime Minister of Turkey (1937–1939)
President (1950–1960)
1883 1986 103 years, 98 days
3 Antoine Pinay Prime Minister of France (1952–1953) 1891 1994 102 years, 348 days
4 Prince Naruhiko Higashikuni Prime Minister of Japan (1945) 1887 1990 102 years, 48 days
5 Ek Yi Oun Prime Minister of Cambodia (1958) 1910 2013 102 years, 1 day to 103 years, 364 days[3]
6 Willem Drees Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1948–1958) 1886 1988 101 years, 314 days
7 Zhang Qun Premier of the Republic of China (1947–1948) 1889 1990 101 years, 219 days
8 Đỗ Mười Prime Minister of Vietnam (1988–1991)
General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam (1991–1997)
1917 Alive 101 years, 256 days
9 Babiker Awadalla Prime Minister of Sudan (1969) 1917 Alive 101 years, 228 days
10 Piet de Jong Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1967–1971) 1915 2016 101 years, 115 days

Top ten living[change | change source]

Rank Name Position Birth Age
1 Đỗ Mười Prime Minister of Vietnam (1988–1991), General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam (1991–1997) (1917-02-02)2 February 1917 101 years, 256 days
2 Babiker Awadalla Prime Minister of Sudan (1969) (1917-03-02)2 March 1917 101 years, 228 days
3 Yasuhiro Nakasone Prime Minister of Japan (1982–1987) (1918-05-27)27 May 1918 100 years, 142 days
4 Hyun Soong-jong Prime Minister of South Korea (1992–1993) (1919-01-26)26 January 1919 99 years, 263 days
5 Mohammed Karim Lamrani Prime Minister of Morocco (1971–1972, 1983–1986, 1992–1994) (1919-05-01)1 May 1919 99 years, 168 days
6 Hau Pei-tsun Premier of the Republic of China (1990–1993) (1919-07-13)13 July 1919 99 years, 95 days
7 Javier Pérez de Cuéllar Prime Minister of Peru (2000–2001) (1920-01-19)19 January 1920 98 years, 270 days
8 Josip Manolić Prime Minister of Croatia (1990–1991) (1920-03-22)22 March 1920 98 years, 208 days
9 Prem Tinsulanonda Prime Minister of Thailand (1980–1988), Regent (2016) (1920-08-26)26 August 1920 98 years, 51 days
10 Tun Tin Prime Minister of Burma (1988) (1920-10-02)2 October 1920 98 years, 14 days

10 youngest serving state leaders[change | change source]

  1. Matteo Ciacci (Captain Regent of San Marino since 2018), born (1990-05-05) 5 May 1990 (age 28)
  2. Sebastian Kurz (Chancellor of Austria since 2017), born (1986-08-27) 27 August 1986 (age 32)
  3. Kim Jong-un (Supreme Leader of North Korea since 2011), born (1984-01-08) 8 January 1984 (age 34)
  4. Jacinda Ardern (Prime Minister of New Zealand since 2017), born (1980-07-26) 26 July 1980 (age 38)
  5. Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani (Emir of Qatar since 2013), born (1980-06-03) 3 June 1980 (age 38)
  6. Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck (King of Bhutan since 2006), born (1980-02-21) 21 February 1980 (age 38)
  7. Carlos Alvarado Quesada (President of Costa Rica since 2018), born (1980-01-14) 14 January 1980 (age 38)
  8. Leo Varadkar (Taoiseach of Ireland since 2017), born (1979-01-18) 18 January 1979 (age 39)
  9. Jüri Ratas (Prime Minister of Estonia since 2016), born (1978-07-02) 2 July 1978 (age 40)
  10. Volodymyr Groysman (Prime Minister of Ukraine since 2016), born (1978-01-20) 20 January 1978 (age 40)

10 youngest state leaders (since 1945)[change | change source]

Rank Name Position Age (when they took office)
1 Fuad II King of Egypt 192 days
2 Gyanendra King of Nepal 3 years, 123 days
3 Faisal II King of Iraq 3 years, 337 days
4 Hussein King of Jordan 16 years, 271 days
5 Jigme Singye Wangchuck King of Bhutan 16 years, 256 days
6 Mswati III[4] King of Swaziland 18 years, 6 days
7 Bhumibol Adulyadej King of Thailand 18 years, 186 days
8 Ntare V King of Burundi 18 years, 218 days
9 Jean-Claude Duvalier President of Haiti 19 years, 293 days
10 Baudouin King of Belgium 20 years, 313 days

Related pages[change | change source]

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Born in 1785, date unknown; died on May 30, 1885
  2. Born in 1107, date unknown; died in May 1205.
  3. The dates of birth and death for Ek are unknown.
  4. Began personal reign after a 3-year regency