Lists of state leaders by age

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Fuad II of Egypt 1952.jpg Prem Tinsulanonda (Cropped).jpg
Since 1900, the youngest serving state leader has been 192-day-old Fuad II of Egypt (left), while the oldest has been 96-year-old Thai regent Prem Tinsulanonda (right).

This article contains various lists of state leaders organized by age, defined as heads of state and/or heads of government. Typically this list includes presidents, prime ministers or monarchs. There are approximately 360 current leaders.

10 oldest currently serving state leaders[change | change source]

People currently serving as head of state, representative of a Head of State, and/or head of government. There are approximately 360 current leaders.

Leaders for life[change | change source]

Rank Name Born Age Position Assumed office
1 Elizabeth II (1926-04-21)21 April 1926 91 years, 309 days Queen of the United Kingdom and 15 other countries 1952
2 Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah (1929-06-16)16 June 1929 88 years, 253 days Emir of Kuwait 2006
3 Dame Marguerite Pindling (1932-06-26)26 June 1932 85 years, 243 days Governor-General of the Bahamas 2014
4 Sir Colville Young (1932-11-20)20 November 1932 85 years, 96 days Governor-General of Belize 1993
5 Akihito (1933-12-23)23 December 1933 84 years, 63 days Emperor of Japan 1989
6 Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (1935-12-31)31 December 1935 82 years, 55 days King of Saudi Arabia 2015
7 Sir Frederick Ballantyne (1936-07-05)5 July 1936 81 years, 234 days Governor-General of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2002
8 Pope Francis (1936-12-17)17 December 1936 81 years, 69 days Sovereign of the Vatican City 2013
9 Harald V (1937-02-21)21 February 1937 81 years, 3 days King of Norway 1991
10 Ali Khamenei (1939-04-19)19 April 1939 78 years, 311 days Supreme Leader of Iran 1989

Term-bounded leaders[change | change source]

Rank Name Born Age Position Assumed office
1 Beji Caid Essebsi (1926-11-29)29 November 1926 91 years, 87 days President of Tunisia 2014
2 Kim Yong-nam (1928-02-04)4 February 1928 90 years, 20 days Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly of North Korea 1998
3 Raúl Castro (1931-06-03)3 June 1931 86 years, 266 days President of the Council of State of Cuba, First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba 2008
4 Paul Biya (1933-02-13)13 February 1933 85 years, 11 days President of Cameroon 1982
5 Michel Aoun (1933-09-30)30 September 1933 84 years, 147 days President of Lebanon 2016
6 Artur Rasizade (1935-02-26)26 February 1935 82 years, 363 days Prime Minister of Azerbaijan 2003
7 Mahmoud Abbas (1935-03-26)26 March 1935 82 years, 335 days President of Palestine 2005
8 Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa (1935-11-24)24 November 1935 82 years, 92 days Prime Minister of Bahrain 1970
9 Abdelaziz Bouteflika (1937-03-02)2 March 1937 80 years, 359 days President of Algeria 1999
10 Bounnhang Vorachith (1937-08-15)15 August 1937 80 years, 193 days President of Laos 2016

10 oldest state leaders (since 1945)[change | change source]

Age at the time they took office ordered oldest first.

Rank Name Position Age (when they took office)
1 Prem Tinsulanonda Regent of Thailand 96 years, 48 days
2 Beji Caid Essebsi President of Tunisia 88 years, 32 days
3 Sir Philip Greaves Governor-General of Barbados 86 years, 163 days
4 Josefa Iloilo President of Fiji 86 years, 6 days
5 Xenophon Zolotas Prime Minister of Greece 85 years, 211 days
6 Anerood Jugnauth Prime Minister of Mauritius 84 years, 263 days
7 Tuanku Abdul Halim Yang di-Pertuan Agong 84 years, 15 days
8 Shimon Peres President of Israel 83 years, 347 days
9 Girija Prasad Koirala Prime Minister of Nepal 83 years, 329 days
10 Michel Aoun President of Lebanon 83 years, 31 days

10 oldest ever serving state leaders[change | change source]

Leaders still serving are highlighted in italicized bold.

Leaders for life[change | change source]

Rank Name Position Last year in office
(reason term ended)
Age at end
1 Abdul Momin Sultan of Brunei 1885 (death) 99 years, 5 months (?)[1]
2 Enrico Dandolo Doge of Venice 1205 (death) 97 years, 4 months (?)[2]
3 Giovanni Paolo Lascaris Grand Master of the Knights Hospitaller 1657 (death) 97 years, 47 days
4 Prem Tinsulanonda Regent of Thailand 2016 (term ended) 96 years, 97 days
5 Nicolò da Ponte Doge of Venice 1585 (death) 94 years, 196 days
6 Malietoa Tanumafili II Malietoa of Samoa 2007 (death) 94 years, 127 days
7 Leo XIII Pope of the Holy See 1903 (death) 93 years, 140 days
8 Gustaf V King of Sweden 1950 (death) 92 years, 135 days
9 Elizabeth II Queen of the United Kingdom and 15 other countries Incumbent 91 years, 309 days
10 Manuel Pinto de Fonseca Grand Master of the Knights Hospitaller 1773 (death) 91 years, 244 days

Luitpold, Prince Regent of Bavaria (1821–1912) died in office at 91 years 275 days of age.

Term-bonded leaders[change | change source]

Rank Name Position Last year in office
(reason term ended)
Age at end
1 Hastings Banda President of Malawi 1994 (lost election) 96 years, 10 days
2 Robert Mugabe President of Zimbabwe 2017 (resignation) 93 years, 273 days
3 Tôn Đức Thắng President of Vietnam 1980 (death) 91 years, 223 days
4 Beji Caid Essebsi President of Tunisia Incumbent 91 years, 87 days
5 Shimon Peres President of Israel 2014 (term ended) 90 years, 356 days
6 Eamon De Valera President of Ireland 1973 (term ended) 90 years, 253 days
7 Kim Yong-nam Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly of North Korea Incumbent 90 years, 20 days
8 Joaquin Balaguer President of the Dominican Republic 1996 (term ended) 89 years, 350 days
9 Giorgio Napolitano President of Italy 2015 (resignation) 89 years, 199 days
10 Abdul Halim of Kedah King of Malaysia 2016 (term ended) 89 years, 14 days

Longest lived state leaders[change | change source]

The following lists are the top ten all-time state leaders and the top ten living. For Top 100 lists see List of longest-living state leaders and List of the oldest living state leaders.

Top ten since 1800[change | change source]

Rank Name Position Birth Death Age
1 Chau Sen Cocsal Chhum Prime Minister of Cambodia (1962) 1905 2009 103 years, 143 days
2 Celâl Bayar Prime Minister of Turkey (1937–1939)
President (1950–1960)
1883 1986 103 years, 98 days
3 Antoine Pinay Prime Minister of France (1952–1953) 1891 1994 102 years, 348 days
4 Prince Naruhiko Higashikuni Prime Minister of Japan (1945) 1887 1990 102 years, 48 days
5 Ek Yi Oun Prime Minister of Cambodia (1958) 1910 2013 102 years, 1 day to 103 years, 364 days[3]
6 Willem Drees Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1948–1958) 1886 1988 101 years, 314 days
7 Zhang Qun Premier of the Republic of China (1947–1948) 1889 1990 101 years, 219 days
8 Piet de Jong Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1967–1971) 1915 2016 101 years, 115 days
9 Bernardino González Ruíz President of Panama (1963) 1911 2012 101 years, 64 days
10 Christopher Hornsrud Prime Minister of the Norway (1928) 1859 1960 101 years, 27 days

Top ten living[change | change source]

Rank Name Position Birth Age
1 Đỗ Mười Prime Minister of Vietnam (1988–1991), General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam (1991–1997) (1917-02-02)2 February 1917 101 years, 22 days
2 Babiker Awadalla Prime Minister of Sudan (1969) (1917-03-02)2 March 1917 100 years, 359 days
3 Yasuhiro Nakasone Prime Minister of Japan (1982–1987) (1918-05-27)27 May 1918 99 years, 273 days
4 Hyun Soong-jong Prime Minister of South Korea (1992–1993) (1919-01-26)26 January 1919 99 years, 29 days
5 Mohammed Karim Lamrani Prime Minister of Morocco (1971–1972, 1983–1986, 1992–1994) (1919-05-01)1 May 1919 98 years, 299 days
6 Hau Pei-tsun Premier of the Republic of China (1990–1993) (1919-07-13)13 July 1919 98 years, 226 days
7 Javier Pérez de Cuéllar Prime Minister of Peru (2000–2001) (1920-01-19)19 January 1920 98 years, 36 days
8 Josip Manolić Prime Minister of Croatia (1990–1991) (1920-03-22)22 March 1920 97 years, 339 days
9 Prem Tinsulanonda Prime Minister of Thailand (1980–1988), Regent (2016) (1920-08-26)26 August 1920 97 years, 182 days
10 Tun Tin Prime Minister of Burma (1988) (1920-10-02)2 October 1920 97 years, 145 days

10 youngest serving state leaders[change | change source]

  1. Sebastian Kurz (Chancellor of Austria since 2017), born (1986-08-27) 27 August 1986 (age 31)
  2. Enrico Carattoni (Captain Regent of San Marino since 2017), born (1985-05-18) 18 May 1985 (age 32)
  3. Kim Jong-un (Supreme Leader of North Korea since 2011), born (1983-01-08) 8 January 1983 (age 35)
  4. Jacinda Ardern (Prime Minister of New Zealand since 2017), born (1980-07-26) 26 July 1980 (age 37)
  5. Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani (Emir of Qatar since 2013), born (1980-06-03) 3 June 1980 (age 37)
  6. Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck (King of Bhutan since 2006), born (1980-02-21) 21 February 1980 (age 38)
  7. Leo Varadkar (Taoiseach of Ireland since 2017), born (1979-01-18) 18 January 1979 (age 39)
  8. Saleh Ali al-Sammad (President of the Supreme Political Council of Yemen since 2016), born (1979-01-01) 1 January 1979 (age 39)
  9. Jüri Ratas (Prime Minister of Estonia since 2016), born (1978-07-02) 2 July 1978 (age 39)
  10. Matteo Fiorini (Captain Regent of San Marino since 2017), born (1978-02-10) 10 February 1978 (age 40)

10 youngest state leaders (since 1945)[change | change source]

Rank Name Position Age (when they took office)
1 Fuad II King of Egypt 192 days
2 Gyanendra King of Nepal 3 years, 123 days
3 Faisal II King of Iraq 3 years, 337 days
4 Hussein King of Jordan 16 years, 271 days
5 Jigme Singye Wangchuck King of Bhutan 16 years, 256 days
6 Mswati III[4] King of Swaziland 18 years, 6 days
7 Bhumibol Adulyadej King of Thailand 18 years, 186 days
8 Ntare V King of Burundi 18 years, 218 days
9 Jean-Claude Duvalier President of Haiti 19 years, 293 days
10 Baudouin King of Belgium 20 years, 313 days

Related pages[change | change source]

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Born in 1785, date unknown; died on May 30, 1885
  2. Born in 1107, date unknown; died in May 1205.
  3. The dates of birth and death for Ek are unknown.
  4. Began personal reign after a 3-year regency