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Habitat du Chinchilla brevicaudata - Lllullaillaco.jpg
Llullaillaco in 2006
Highest point
Elevation6,739 m (22,110 ft) [1]
Prominence2,344 m (7,690 ft) [1]
Isolation264.53 kilometres (164.37 mi)
Llullaillaco is located in Chile
Location in Chile (on border with Argentina)
LocationChile and Argentina border
Parent rangeAndes, Puna de Atacama
Age of rockPleistocene
Mountain typeStratovolcano

Llullaillaco is a potentially active volcano at the border of Argentina (Salta Province) and Chile. It is the seventh highest mountain of the Andes.[2]

It lies in the Puna de Atacama, a region of very high volcanic peaks on a high plateau within the Atacama Desert, one of the driest places in the world.

History[change | change source]

The first recorded ascent was on 1 December 1952, by Bión González and Juan Harseim, from Chile.[3] They found archaeological evidence that people were at the top of Llullaillaco in the pre-Columbian period.

During 1983–1985, American archaeologist Johan Reinhard directed three surveys of archaeological sites on the summit and slopes of the mountain.

In 1999 on Llullaillaco's summit, an Argentine-Peruvian expedition co-directed by Johan Reinhard and Argentine archaeologist Constanza Ceruti found the preserved bodies of three Inca children approximately 500 years earlier.[4]

Geography[change | change source]

The volcano is in the Chile-Argentina boder and is part, on the Chilean part, of the Llullaillaco National Park (Spanish: Parque Nacional Llullaillaco).

The Llullaillaco is a stratovolcano. There were eruptions in 1854, 1866 and 1877. Since then, no volcanic activity has been recorded. It is the world´s second highest active volcano, second to Ojos del Salado.[3]

It is an ultra-prominent peak, or Ultra for short, because it has as a summit with a topographic prominence of 1,500 metres (4,921 ft) or more.[5]

Gallery[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Cerro Llullaillaco, Argentina/Chile". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
  2. "Andes 6000m peak list". Andes.org. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Volcán Llullaillaco" (in Spanish). Andeshandbook.org. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
  4. "Extreme microbes found near mummy burial site". Livescience. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
  5. Maizlish, A. "The Ultra-Prominences Page". Peaklist.org. Retrieved 26 July 2016.

Other websites[change | change source]