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Lok Ningthou

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Lok Ningthou
God of brooks, gorges, ravines, rills, rivulets, runnels and streams
Guardian of the Southern direction
Member of Lainingthous and Maikei Ngaakpa Lais
"Lok Ningthou", the Ancient Meitei name of the God, written in archaic Meetei Mayek abugida
AffiliationMeitei mythology (Manipuri mythology) and Meitei religion (Sanamahism)
Abodesbrooks, gorges, ravines, rills, rivulets, runnels and streams
RegionAncient Kangleipak (Antique Manipur)
Ethnic groupMeitei ethnicity
FestivalsLai Haraoba
Personal information

Lok Ningthou is a God in Meitei mythology and religion of Ancient Kangleipak. He is the God of brooks, gorges, ravines, rills, rivulets, runnels and streams. He is the Guardian God of the Southern direction. He is a son of Wangbren (Old Manipuri: Wangpulen), the God of water.[1][2]


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In Meitei language (Manipuri language), the term "Lok" (ꯂꯣꯛ, /lok/) has multiple meanings. It means a gorge or a ravine.[3] "Lok" also means a brook or a rill or a rivulet or a runnel or a stream.[4][5][6] In Meitei language (Manipuri language), the term "Ningthou" (ꯅꯤꯡꯊꯧ, /niŋ.tʰəu/) means "king" or "ruler".[7][2]


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God Lok Ningthou is also given the title "Khana Chaoba" (or "Khana Chaopa") like his father Wangbren (Old Manipuri: Wangpulen). He is also known as "Noushuba Mihingchi" (Old Manipuri: Noushupa Mihingchi). He is known for having seven children.[1]

God Lok Ningthou is one of the Lainingthous. He is also one of the ten Maikei Ngaakpa Lais.[1]

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  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Neelabi, sairem (2006). Laiyingthou Lairemmasinggee Waree Seengbul (in Manipuri). p. 36.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Moirangthem Kirti (1993). Folk Culture of Manipur. Manas Publications. p. 193. ISBN 978-81-7049-063-0.
  3. Sharma, H. Surmangol (2006). "Learners' Manipuri-English dictionary.Lok". dsal.uchicago.edu.
  4. "Manipuri Dictionary » Search Results » Lok".
  5. Tensuba, Keerti Chand (1993). Genesis of Indian Tribes: An Approach to the History of Meiteis and Thais. Inter-India Publications. p. 74. ISBN 978-81-210-0308-7.
  6. Ramachandran, Nalini (2021-09-03). Gods, Giants and the Geography of India. Hachette UK. ISBN 978-93-91028-27-5.
  7. Sharma, H. Surmangol (2006). "Learners' Manipuri-English dictionary.Ningthou". dsal.uchicago.edu.

Other websites

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