London

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London
The Palace of Westminster on the River Thames
London shown within the UK
Coordinates: 51°30′28″N 00°07′41″W / 51.50778°N 0.12806°W / 51.50778; -0.12806Coordinates: 51°30′28″N 00°07′41″W / 51.50778°N 0.12806°W / 51.50778; -0.12806
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region Greater London
Districts City & 32 London boroughs
Settled by Romans as Londinium ca. AD 50
Government
 • Regional authority Greater London Authority
 • Regional assembly London Assembly
 • Mayor Boris Johnson
 • HQ City Hall
 • UK Parliament
 - London Assembly
 - European Parliament
74 constituencies
14 constituencies
London constituency
Area
 • City 1.00 sq mi (2.6 km2)
 • Greater London 609 sq mi (1,580 km2)
Elevation[1] 79 ft (24 m)
Population (mid-2006 est)
 • Urban 8.5 million
(Greater London Urban Area)
 • Metro 12–14 million
 • City of London 9,200
 • City of London Density 8,215/sq mi (3,172/km2)
 • Greater London 7,512,400
 • Greater London Density 12,331/sq mi (4,761/km2)
Time zone GMT (UTC0)
 • Summer (DST) BST (UTC+1)

London is a big city in the southeast of England, on the River Thames. It is the capital of England and the United Kingdom. 8.3 million people live in London. London is the biggest city in the United Kingdom and in western Europe. It is the world's largest financial centre.[2][3][4]

London was founded by the Romans in AD 43 and called Londinium which was later shortened to London. London is also known as Lunnainn in Scottish Gaelic,[5] Llundain in Welsh and Londain in Irish.

For a long time, London was a small city. All its people lived inside the walls that were built by the Romans. This area is still called the City of London. There were many villages around the city. Gradually, more and more people came to live there. Then the villages joined together into one huge city, which is now called "London" or Greater London.

Most people in London are British. However, London also has many immigrants. These people come from many different countries. They speak many different languages and have different religions and cultures. There are also many people from different countries who stay in London on business. Many people visit London as tourists. They may see the famous "Sights of London". These sights include palaces, churches and museums.

London is one of the world's most important cities for business, finance, and politics. It is also important for culture: media, entertainment, fashion, and art.

History[change | edit source]

The Romans built a city called Londinium on the River Thames in AD 43. The name Londinium (and then 'London') came from the Celtic language of the Ancient Britons. In the year AD 61, Queen Boudica (a British Celtic queen) and her army destroyed the city. Boudica killed herself when Romans trapped her. Then the Romans rebuilt London. London became an important trading city. After the Romans left Britain, few people lived in the city for a long time. This is because the Anglo-Saxons liked living in the countryside. In the 9th century, more people started living there again. It became the largest city in England. However, it did not become the capital city of England until the 12th century.

After the railways were built, London grew very big. Greater London has 33 London Boroughs and a mayor. The old City of London is only a square mile in size but has its own Lord Mayor.

Another famous old part of Greater London is Westminster, which was always a different city from the City of London. In Westminster is Westminster Abbey (a cathedral), The Palace of Westminster (the Houses of Parliament, with Big Ben), and 10 Downing Street (where the Prime Minister lives).

Events[change | edit source]

Landmarks[change | edit source]

The Millennium Dome, seen from the River Thames.
A panorama of modern London, taken from the Golden Gallery of Saint Paul’s Cathedral

Twinnings[change | edit source]

The Tower Bridge in London

London has twin and sister city agreements with these cities:

London also has a "partnership" agreement with Tokyo, Japan.

Related pages[change | edit source]

References[change | edit source]

Other websites[change | edit source]

Greater LondonLondonCity of London